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39 terms

oral pathology and oral and maxillofacial surgery

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benign
not cancerous
biopsy
the excision of tissue to establish a diagnosis
bruxism
unconscious habit of grinding the teeth
carcinoma
a cancerous tumor
chancre
an ulcer
cleft palate
congential cleft
erosion
a loss of tooth structure
fibroma
a benign tumor of white fibrous teeth
fluorosis
hypoplasia and discoloration of teeth
geographic tongue
wandering inflammation of the tounge
glossalgia
pain in the tongue
glossitis
inflammation of the tongue
harelip
a cleft plate
herpes labialis
herpes simplex of the lip
hutchinson's teeth
notched or pegged teeth
hypoplasia
a defective development of any tissue
leukoplakia
white patches on the mucous membranes
malignant
cancerous
neoplasm
new growth
oral pathology
specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis of dental and oral diseases
sarcoma
a mailgnant neoplasm of the connective tissue
alveolectomy
surgical excision of the alveolar bone
alveoloplasty
surgical repair of the alveolar bone
dry socket
osteitis following extraction
excisional biopsy
surgical excision of the entire lesion for diagnosis
extraction
surgical removal of a tooth from the alveolus
fracture
a break in the bone
frenectomy
surgical removal of the frenulum from its attachment
incisional biopsy
surgical excision of wedge shaped tissue for diagnosis
impaction
retarded eruption
operculum
a hood of tissue over a partially erupted tooth
orthognathic surgery
surgery in which the jaws are moved into proper alignment
osteotomy
partial removal of bone
pericoronitis
inflammation around the crown of a partially erupted tooth
temporomandibular joint
the joint where the mandible meets the maxilla
trigeminal nerve
the 5th cranial nerve which supplies the face with sensation
trigeminal neuralgia
breakdown of the trigeminal nerve
resorption
removal by absorption
attrition
wearing away