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11 terms

Judge Ch 20: Key Concepts

HIST 144 @ Grove City; Spring 2012; Dr. Mitchell; Connections V2; Ch 20: The West in an Age of Religious Conflict and Global Expansion (1500-1650)
STUDY
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sacraments
sacred rites believed to bestow the graces needed for salvation
purgatory
a place of suffering that purified the soul so it could enter heaven
indulgence
a remission of the punishment due for sins that were sacramentally forgiven; designed to reduce or eliminate suffering in purgatory
Ninety-Five Theses
a set of propositions challenging the Christian Church's power to forgive sins and grant indulgences; issued by Martin Luther in 1517
predestination
the elect
puritanical
referring to people who uphold an austere moral code and simple religious practices
capitalism
an economic system based on competition among private enterprises
mercantilism
a policy designed to create a condition in which a country's trading exports exceeded its imports in value
charter companies
trading associations protected by royal monopoly
cottage industry
a system under which peasants would make products in their own cottages and sell them to merchant capitalists
nuclear families
families made up only of parents and their children