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HIST 144 @ Grove City; Spring 2012; Dr. Mitchell; Connections V2; Ch 20: The West in an Age of Religious Conflict and Global Expansion (1500-1650)


sacred rites believed to bestow the graces needed for salvation


a place of suffering that purified the soul so it could enter heaven


a remission of the punishment due for sins that were sacramentally forgiven; designed to reduce or eliminate suffering in purgatory

Ninety-Five Theses

a set of propositions challenging the Christian Church's power to forgive sins and grant indulgences; issued by Martin Luther in 1517


the elect


referring to people who uphold an austere moral code and simple religious practices


an economic system based on competition among private enterprises


a policy designed to create a condition in which a country's trading exports exceeded its imports in value

charter companies

trading associations protected by royal monopoly

cottage industry

a system under which peasants would make products in their own cottages and sell them to merchant capitalists

nuclear families

families made up only of parents and their children

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