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61 terms

behavioral observation and screening

STUDY
PLAY
Observation
when a child care worker recognizes
and notes an identifiable performance or behavior and uses instruments such as checklists, anecdotal records and running records. The instruments are used to measure progress against a standard and to share results
with assessment experts.
Screening
instrument intended to identify and monitor normal development or possible developmental delay. Screening programs are not diagnostic, and are not based on whether a child has passed a certain curriculum.
become concerned about progress
When the child has not yet acquired the skills that are typical for the childs age or when they seem to give up
The Florida Legislature
mandated that child care providers complete a course that covers the topic of observation of developmental behaviors, including using a checklist or other similar observation tools and techniques, to determine the
child's developmental age level.
Early detection of problems
allows for timely
referral for intervention
attention should be focused on
activities that strengthen the child's skills.
Proper screening
leads to sound assessment so that early detection of potential developmental
delays will determine the correct referral and intervention
a window
represents air and other
things have free access to the space
within, but when the window is closed,
nothing can get through the window
rapidly
Development in young children occurs
spurts
Development in young children occurs and typically progresses in
rates
All children develop at their
own
Heredity and environment
work together to make each child special and different from all others.
logical sequence
Skills are acquired in
irregular
Developmental progress is periods of stammering, characterize development and Periodic regression is normal and should be expected.
important
Early experiences and opportunities to practice new skills are
Cultural influences
are important. The social setting and culture the child lives in influences the ways the child grows and develops.
six Developmental Domains
Physical Health
Motor Development
Cognitive Development & General Knowledge
Language & Communication
Approaches to Learning
Social & Emotional
Physical Health
refers to the changes in body shape and proportion. It includes change in weight and height
Motor Development
refers to a child's
ability to move about and control body
parts such as grasping, rolling over,
hopping
Cognitive Development
a child's intellectual or mental abilities. It involves finding processing and organizing information and using it appropriately. Discovering, interpreting, sorting, classifying, and remembering information.
"Language and Communication
child's ability to express himself verbally and to receive and understand the verbal communication of others. It involves vocabulary, grammar, reading, writing, and ability to understand things around them
Social and Emotional
Focuses on how children feel about themselves and their relationships with others. Refers to individual behaviors, responses to play and work activities, attachment to parents and relationships with siblings and friends.
Approaches to Learning
how skills and knowledge are acquired through the three qualities of eagerness and curiosity, persistence and creativity, and problem solving.
Age-level expectancies
represent a range(rather than an exact point in time) when specific skills will be achieved.
sequence
not age that is the important factor in evaluating a child's progress
make notes
Participants should always ____ during the observation process before and after the observation
objective
Participants must be _____ in their observations.Subjective information is open to interpretation and is not useful for describing behavior.
Tools for Recording
Checklists, Anecdotal Records, Running Records
Facts
Record only ____
Detail
Record every ____ don't leave out anything.
action words
Use ____ that describe but do not judge.
order
Record the facts in the ___ they occur.
natural settings
Observation of children in ____ lets the observer report what the child is able to do in an environment that supports the child to perform her best.
one child
Do not try to observe more than____ a time.
responses
Do not influence the child's by your presence.
adequate space
Make sure there is ____ for the observation.
distractions
Make sure that ___ are kept to a minimum.
familiar
Use an area that is ___ to the child
child and parents
Make sure you build a relationship with the___
Participant observation
Allows you to interact with children directly and ask them certain things
Overt observation
You do not hide the fact you are observing a child's actions
Non-participant observation
The observer is concealed behind a screen or a 2-way mirror and does not interact with the child
Covert observation
When the children are not told they are being observed.
six major developmental domains
Physical Health, Motor Development, Cognitive Development & General Knowledge, Language & Communication, Approaches to Learning, and Social & Emotional.
a disability
The screening process can not confirm
identify
Screening helps to ___ children that could benefit from early childhood intervention programs
screening instruments
are divided into the categories of physical, cognitive, language, and social/emotional.
The social/emotional developmental domain
is difficult to test.
Sound screening tools are
reliable, valid, and free of bias
A record keeping system
for tracking the individual children as they progress through the program
Information sheets
where you record the child's name, parents' names, the child's age at the time of the screening, name of the screener and their relationship to the child (parent, child care provider, nurse, doctor)
Scoring sheets
where you record the child's actions and responses
Interpretation scale
for locating the child's data in relation to the norms of other children their age;
Decision guide
to help with the screening results (continue screening at next interval, referral).
Organizing:
Planning the process you will use, identifying how you will engage parents and at what points in the process, obtaining the materials if any are needed, developing forms.
Scheduling
Identifying the time and location for the activity, scheduling staff or substitutes if the activity requires 1:1 attention to an individual child.
Executing
Obtaining permission from parents, conducting the activity, recording the activity, scoring the activity if appropriate, working with parents.
Following Through
Talking with parents, beginning to identify the next steps.
organizing, scheduling, executing and follow through
four basic tasks involved in developing and maintaining a successful behavioral observation and screening process
parental permission
the first step of any observation and screening activity
Communicating with parents
is important. You must be clear about the need for assessment and its benefits to the child.