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when a child care worker recognizes
and notes an identifiable performance or behavior and uses instruments such as checklists, anecdotal records and running records. The instruments are used to measure progress against a standard and to share results
with assessment experts.


instrument intended to identify and monitor normal development or possible developmental delay. Screening programs are not diagnostic, and are not based on whether a child has passed a certain curriculum.

become concerned about progress

When the child has not yet acquired the skills that are typical for the childs age or when they seem to give up

The Florida Legislature

mandated that child care providers complete a course that covers the topic of observation of developmental behaviors, including using a checklist or other similar observation tools and techniques, to determine the
child's developmental age level.

Early detection of problems

allows for timely
referral for intervention

attention should be focused on

activities that strengthen the child's skills.

Proper screening

leads to sound assessment so that early detection of potential developmental
delays will determine the correct referral and intervention

a window

represents air and other
things have free access to the space
within, but when the window is closed,
nothing can get through the window


Development in young children occurs


Development in young children occurs and typically progresses in


All children develop at their

Heredity and environment

work together to make each child special and different from all others.

logical sequence

Skills are acquired in


Developmental progress is periods of stammering, characterize development and Periodic regression is normal and should be expected.


Early experiences and opportunities to practice new skills are

Cultural influences

are important. The social setting and culture the child lives in influences the ways the child grows and develops.

six Developmental Domains

Physical Health
Motor Development
Cognitive Development & General Knowledge
Language & Communication
Approaches to Learning
Social & Emotional

Physical Health

refers to the changes in body shape and proportion. It includes change in weight and height

Motor Development

refers to a child's
ability to move about and control body
parts such as grasping, rolling over,

Cognitive Development

a child's intellectual or mental abilities. It involves finding processing and organizing information and using it appropriately. Discovering, interpreting, sorting, classifying, and remembering information.

"Language and Communication

child's ability to express himself verbally and to receive and understand the verbal communication of others. It involves vocabulary, grammar, reading, writing, and ability to understand things around them

Social and Emotional

Focuses on how children feel about themselves and their relationships with others. Refers to individual behaviors, responses to play and work activities, attachment to parents and relationships with siblings and friends.

Approaches to Learning

how skills and knowledge are acquired through the three qualities of eagerness and curiosity, persistence and creativity, and problem solving.

Age-level expectancies

represent a range(rather than an exact point in time) when specific skills will be achieved.


not age that is the important factor in evaluating a child's progress

make notes

Participants should always ____ during the observation process before and after the observation


Participants must be _____ in their observations.Subjective information is open to interpretation and is not useful for describing behavior.

Tools for Recording

Checklists, Anecdotal Records, Running Records


Record only ____


Record every ____ don't leave out anything.

action words

Use ____ that describe but do not judge.


Record the facts in the ___ they occur.

natural settings

Observation of children in ____ lets the observer report what the child is able to do in an environment that supports the child to perform her best.

one child

Do not try to observe more than____ a time.


Do not influence the child's by your presence.

adequate space

Make sure there is ____ for the observation.


Make sure that ___ are kept to a minimum.


Use an area that is ___ to the child

child and parents

Make sure you build a relationship with the___

Participant observation

Allows you to interact with children directly and ask them certain things

Overt observation

You do not hide the fact you are observing a child's actions

Non-participant observation

The observer is concealed behind a screen or a 2-way mirror and does not interact with the child

Covert observation

When the children are not told they are being observed.

six major developmental domains

Physical Health, Motor Development, Cognitive Development & General Knowledge, Language & Communication, Approaches to Learning, and Social & Emotional.

a disability

The screening process can not confirm


Screening helps to ___ children that could benefit from early childhood intervention programs

screening instruments

are divided into the categories of physical, cognitive, language, and social/emotional.

The social/emotional developmental domain

is difficult to test.

Sound screening tools are

reliable, valid, and free of bias

A record keeping system

for tracking the individual children as they progress through the program

Information sheets

where you record the child's name, parents' names, the child's age at the time of the screening, name of the screener and their relationship to the child (parent, child care provider, nurse, doctor)

Scoring sheets

where you record the child's actions and responses

Interpretation scale

for locating the child's data in relation to the norms of other children their age;

Decision guide

to help with the screening results (continue screening at next interval, referral).


Planning the process you will use, identifying how you will engage parents and at what points in the process, obtaining the materials if any are needed, developing forms.


Identifying the time and location for the activity, scheduling staff or substitutes if the activity requires 1:1 attention to an individual child.


Obtaining permission from parents, conducting the activity, recording the activity, scoring the activity if appropriate, working with parents.

Following Through

Talking with parents, beginning to identify the next steps.

organizing, scheduling, executing and follow through

four basic tasks involved in developing and maintaining a successful behavioral observation and screening process

parental permission

the first step of any observation and screening activity

Communicating with parents

is important. You must be clear about the need for assessment and its benefits to the child.

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