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25 terms

Orchestra Vocabulary

vocabulary for Miss Resnick's orchestra class
STUDY
PLAY
Andante
at a walking pace
Allegro
quick pace, bright
Presto
very fast
Adagio
slow and stately, "at ease"
A tempo
return to the main tempo of the piece
Ritard
slow down
Meno mosso
"less motion", slow down
spiccato
bounce the bow on the string
pizzicato
pluck the string
arco
play with the bow
divisi
divide parts (top notes vs. low notes)
Fine
the end
D.S. al Fine
return to the sign and continue playing until the end (Fine)
crescendo
get louder
diminuendo
get softer
Détaché
detached bowing, stop the bow on the string
Martelé
"hammered" bowing, détaché with a strong attack
legato
smooth, connected bowing
staccato
very detached, short "sticky" bows
piano (dynamic)
soft
pianissimo
very soft
mezzo piano
moderately soft
forte
strong
fortissimo
very strong
mezzo forte
moderately strong