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AP Human Geography- Ch. 13 Urban Patterns SHS
Terms in this set (44)
Metropolitan Statistical Area
An area that includes a central city of at least 50,000 people, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
Concentric Zone Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of wedges radiating out from the central business district.
Multiple Nuclei Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Areas delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; roughly corresponds to neighborhoods.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
Occurs when cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, and build new roads and utilities.
Housing owned by the government; in the United States it is rented to residents with low incomes and the rents are set at 30% of the families' incomes.
The process by which old inner-city housing is purchased at low prices and renovated by investors or by new residents with higher incomes.
A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
The process of legally adding land area to a city.
Galactic City Model
A model that says an urban area consists of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
A large node of office and retail activities on the periphery of an urban area.
A reduction in population density as one moves from the center of a city to the suburbs.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
regulations that define how property in specific geographic regions can be used.
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
Legislation and regulations that limits suburban sprawl and preserves farmland
Cities with population over 10 million.
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit.
A city surrounded by suburbs.
Territory that consists of the central city and built-up suburbs.
Latin-American City Model
Urban model characterized by squatter settlements in the periphery and a commercial spine surrounded by an elite wealthy class.
Central Business District
"Downtown" area with a large concentration of business services.
An area in a developed country where healthy food is difficult to obtain.
A chain of connected cities that merge into a single, uninterrupted urban area.
Social area analysis
Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background, and lifestyle live within an urban area.
The process of people moving from cities to residential areas on the outskirts of cities.
Moving farther out into rural areas and working remotely.
The process of suburbanites returning to live in cities.
Areas in U.S. cities which are typically the oldest parts with the highest concentration of poor residents.
The condition of not having a permanent place to live.
When people live in separate neighborhoods based on their ethnicity or group.
Young urban professional with a high-paying job.
Older couples whose children have moved out.
Occurs when streets with tall buildings channel and intensify wind and prevent natural sunlight from reaching the ground.
Occurs when water cannot penetrate impermeable city streets.
Urban heat island
A portion of the city that is warmer than surrounding areas.
An urban planning movement with the goal of reducing sprawl, increasing affordable housing, and creating vibrant, livable neighborhoods.
Sub-Saharan African Model
A model with two CBDs that reflect the traditional and colonial history, a market zone, and residential areas based on ethnicity.
Southeast Asian City Model
A model where the focus of the city is the former colonial port and there are distinct commercial zones for other ethnic groups.
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