Global History Test - China, Korea, Japan

By Frederick Vürst
Mandarin Chinese
The main language of (ancient) China. Mainly established by the Zhou rulers
Japanese system of writing with simplified Chinese characters that are used phonetically
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Domesticated animals
Animals and plants that have been adopted by humans to grow
Song Dynasty
(960 - 1279 AD); this dynasty was started by Tai Zu; by 1000, a million people were living in China; started feet binding; developed the magnetic compass; built a strong navy; traded with India and Persia; first to have paper money, developed gunpowder; used paper money; discovered Champa rice; developed terraces
People who worked the land or served the nobles
Thin, beautiful and expensive pottery invented in China
Kublai Khan
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)
People who work to spread their religious beliefs
Choson/Yi Dynasty
Founded by a Korean Mongol general, this dynasty would last for over 500 years. It is one of the longest lasting dynasties in world history
Heian Period
(A.D. 794-1185) It is the period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism and other Chinese influences were at their height. The Heian period is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted for its art, especially poetry and literature
a Japanese feudal lord who commands a private army of samurai
Manchus/Qing Dynasty
Manchu dynasty that seized control of China in mid-17th century after decline of Ming; forced submission of nomadic peoples far to the West and compelled tribute from Vietnam and Burma to south
Tokugawa Shogunate
Japanese ruling dynasty that strove to isolate it from foreign influences. Shogunate started by Tokugawa Leyasu; class system of warriors (first), farmers (second), artisans (third), merchants (last); Japan's ports were closed off; wanted to create their own culture; illegal to fight; merchants became rich because domestic trade flourished (because fighting was illegal); had new forms of art - kabuki and geishas
Yellow/Yangtze Rivers
Tho most important rivers in China; where many homes, farms, villages and cities were built by; very important for transportation; also led to disastrous floods
Korean alphabet that uses 14 consanatns and 10 vowels for folktales and popular literatre
Li Po
Chinese poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty. He is best known for the extravagant imagination and striking Taoist imagery in his poetry, as well as for his great love for liquor. He is said to have drowned in the Yangtze River, having fallen from his boat while drunkenly trying to embrace (the reflection of) the moon
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society. All Asia empires adopted it
Grand Canal
The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Dynasty
Foot binding
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
Silk Road
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay
Marco Polo
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade
A fraction of landmass surrounded by water on three sides
Zen Buddhism
A school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith
Korean ceramic pottery with a thin blue or green glaze
Tale of Genji
Story of Prince Genji and his lovers; written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu at end of 11th century; world's first full novel
The supreme military commander of Japan
A former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism
Tang Dynasty
Civil service exam
Mongol invasion
Genghis Khan
Ming Dynasty
Silla Dynasty
Hermit Kingdom
Paper currency
East-West axis
Koryo Dynasty
Mateo Ricci
Turtle boats