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(960 - 1279 AD); this dynasty was started by Tai Zu; by 1000, a million people were living in China; started feet binding; developed the magnetic compass; built a strong navy; traded with India and Persia; first to have paper money, developed gunpowder; used paper money; discovered Champa rice; developed terraces
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)
Founded by a Korean Mongol general, this dynasty would last for over 500 years. It is one of the longest lasting dynasties in world history
(A.D. 794-1185) It is the period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism and other Chinese influences were at their height. The Heian period is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted for its art, especially poetry and literature
Manchu dynasty that seized control of China in mid-17th century after decline of Ming; forced submission of nomadic peoples far to the West and compelled tribute from Vietnam and Burma to south
Japanese ruling dynasty that strove to isolate it from foreign influences. Shogunate started by Tokugawa Leyasu; class system of warriors (first), farmers (second), artisans (third), merchants (last); Japan's ports were closed off; wanted to create their own culture; illegal to fight; merchants became rich because domestic trade flourished (because fighting was illegal); had new forms of art - kabuki and geishas
Tho most important rivers in China; where many homes, farms, villages and cities were built by; very important for transportation; also led to disastrous floods
Chinese poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty. He is best known for the extravagant imagination and striking Taoist imagery in his poetry, as well as for his great love for liquor. He is said to have drowned in the Yangtze River, having fallen from his boat while drunkenly trying to embrace (the reflection of) the moon
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society. All Asia empires adopted it
The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Dynasty
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade
A school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith
Tale of Genji
Story of Prince Genji and his lovers; written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu at end of 11th century; world's first full novel
A former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism
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