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283 terms

med term. chapter 1-5

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frame
a block of information with a number
root
most words have a word ____
combining form
a word root with a vowel attached
ex. speed (0)
suffix
to interpret a new word, begin by looking at the ____
holistic
recognizing that a person is a composite of physical, social, emotional, spiritual, and intellectual needs is a _____ viewpoint
cardi(o)
heart (combining form)
crin(o)
to secrete (combining form)
dermat(o)
skin (combining form)
esthesi(o)
feeling or sensation (combining form)
gastr(o), enter(o)
stomach, intestines (combining form)
immun(o)
immune (combining form)
neur(o)
nerve (combining form)
onc(o)
tumor (combining form)
ophthalm(o)
eye (combining form)
ot(o), laryng(o)
ear, larynx (combining form)
path(o)
disease (combining form)
rhin(o)
nose (combining form)
ur(o)
urinary trace (combining form)
neonatology
branch of medicine that specializes in the care of newborns, infants from birth to 28 days of age
neonatologist
a physician who specializes in neonatology
malignant
tending to become worse, spread, and cause death
psychiatry
medical speciality that deals with the causes, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
psychiatrist
a physician who specializes in psychiatry
rehabilitation therapist
restores ones ability to live and work as normally as possible after an injury
word parts
word roots, combining forms, prefixes, and suffixes are all _____
dermatologist
a specialist in skin diseases
endrocrinologist
a physician who treats diseases arising from disordered internal secretions
eponyms
names for diseases, organs, procedures, or body functions that are derived from the name of a person
suffix
attached to the end of a word or word part ot modify its meaning
prefix
a word part that is placed before a word root to modify its meaning
internist
a specialist in internal medicine
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
radiolucent
permitting the passage of radiant energy
clinical pathologist
studies the characteristics, causes, and effects of disease
neurosurgery
surgery of the nervous system
acute
having a severe and relatively short duration
chronic
existing over a long period
triage
method of prioritizing patients according to their needs
hormones
the secretions of endocrine glands
physical therapist
treats body ailments by nonmedical means
abbreviations
shortened forms of words or phrases
word root
the main body of a word
-er, -ist
one who (suffix)
-ac, -al, ic, logic, logical
pertaining to (suffix)
-logist
one who studies, specialist (suffix)
-iatrician
practitioner (suffix)
-iatrics, -iatry
medical profession or treatment (suffix)
-logy
study or science of (suffix)
epidemic
attacks several people in a region at the same time
epidemiology
field of medicine that studies the factors and determines the frequency and distribution of disease
pharmacolgy
the study of drugs
optician
specializes in correcting vision
signs
definitve evidence of an illness or disordered function
OBJECTIVE
symptoms
evidence as perceived by the patient, such as pain
SUBJECTIVE
diagnosis
identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures
CT
computed tomography (abb. form)
therapeutic radiology
uses radiation to treat cancer
amniocentesis
surgical punture of the amnion
incision
cutting into
excision
cutting out or removal
ophthalmotomy
incision of the eye
-cele
hernia (suffix)
-ose
words that usually refer to sugars (suffix)
-ase
words that usually refer to enzymes (suffix)
dent(i), dent(o)
tooth (combining form)
opt(o), optic(o)
vision (combining form)
or(o)
mouth (combining form)
pharmac(o)
drugs or medicine (combining form)
therapeut(o)
treatment (combining form)
an-
no, not, or without (prefix)
endo-
inside (prefix)
-crine
secrete (suffix)
optometrist
One who measures vision
ophthalmologist
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eyes and vision
CC
chief complaint (abb. form)
DOB
date of birth (abb. form)
Dx
diagnosis (abbreviated term)
ENT
ears, nose, throat (abbreviated term)
HIPAA
heath insurance portability and accountability act (abbreviated term)
HPI
history of present illness (abbreviated term)
Hx
history (abb. term)
OB
obstectrics (abb. term)
OR
operating room (abb. term)
PA
physicians assistant (abb. term)
PE
physical exam (abb. term)
blephar(o)
eyelid (combining form)
-algia, dynia
pain (suffix)
-ectasia, -ectasis
dialation or stretching of a structure or part (suffix)
-edema
swelling (suffix)
-emesis
to vomit, vomiting (suffix)
-malacia
soft, softening (suffix)
-oid
resembling (suffix)
-penia
deficiency (suffix)
-rrhage, -rrhagia
excessive bleeding or hemorrhage (suffix)
-rrhea
flow or discharge (suffix)
-rrhexis
rupture (suffix)
-spasm
twitch, cramp (suffix)
-stasis
stopping, controlling (suffix)
-megaly
enlargement (suffix)
-gram
record (suffix)
-graph
instrument used to record (suffix)
-graphy
process of recording(suffix)
-meter
instrument used to measure(suffix)
-scope
instrument used for viewing (suffix)
-scopy
visual examination with a lighted instrument (suffix)
electrocardiography
process of recording electrical activity of the heart
otoscopy
examination of the outer ear
ech(o)
sound (combining form)
electr(o)
electricity (combining form)
fluor(o)
emitting or reflecting light (combining form)
radi(o)
radiant energy (combining form)
tom(o)
to cut (combining form)
ultra-
excessive
algesi(o)
sensitivity to pain (combining form)
chem(o)
chemical (combining form)
cry(o)
cold (combining form)
narc(o)
stupor (combining form)
therm(o)
heat (combining form)
-centesis
surgical punture to aspirate or remove fluid (suffix)
-ectomy
excision, surgical removal or cutting out (suffix)
-lysis
process of loosening, freeing, or destroying (suffix)
-pexy
surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position) (suffix)
-plasty
surgical repair (suffix)
-rrhaphy
suture (uniting a wound by stitches) (suffix)
-stomy
formation of an opening (suffix)
-tome
an instrument used for cutting (suffix)
-tomy
incision (cutting into tissue) (suffix)
-tripsy
surgical crushing (suffix)
ophthalmotomy
incision of the eye
colonoscopy
examination of the colon
colonoscope
the instrument used in the examination of the colon
colectomy
excision of the colon (or portion of it)
colorrhaphy
suture of the colon
angioplasty
plastic surgery on vessels
angiorrhaphy
repair of the vessel
a.c.
before meals (abbreviated term)
b.i.d
two times a day (abbreviated term)
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging (abbreviated term)
NPO
nothing by mouth (abbreviated term)
q.i.d
four times a day (abbreviated term)
t.i.d.
three times a day (abbreviated term)
WNL
within normal limits (abbreviated term)
-itis
inflammation (suffix)
-lith
stone or calculus (suffix)
-mania
excessive preoccupation (suffix)
-maniac
person who shows excessive preoccupation (suffix)
-oma
tumor (suffix)
-osis
condition (suffix)
-pathy
disease (suffix)
-phobia
abnormal fear (suffix)
-ptosis
prolapse (sagging) (suffix)
-able, -ible
capable of, able to (suffix)
-al, -ary, -eal, -ive, -tic
pertaining to (suffix)
-eum, -ium
membrane (suffix)
-ia, -ism
condition of theory (suffix)
-iac
one who suffers (suffix)
-opia
vision (suffix)
-ous
pertaining to or characterized by (suffix)
-y
state or condition (suffix)
cephalometry
measurements of the dimensions of the head
cephal(o)
head (combining form)
cephalometer
a device or instrument for measuring the head
dystrophic
muscle deteriorates becasue of defective nurtition or metabolism
dystrophy
any disorder caused by defective nutrition or metabolism
-metry
measure (suffix)
-pathy
disease (suffix)
-phagia
eat, ingest (suffix)
-phasia
speech (suffix)
-plegia
paralysis (suffix)
-schisis
split, cleft (suffix)
-sclerosis
hard (suffix)
-trophy
nutrition (suffix)
congenital
conditions that exist at, or before, birth
alb(o), albin(o)
white (combining form)
chlor(o)
green (combining form)
cyan(o)
blue (combining form)
erythr(o)
red (combining form)
melan(o)
black (combining form)
xanth(o)
yellow (combining form)
biopsy
either removal of a small piece of living tissue or the tissue excised or aspirated
bi(o)
life or living (combining form)
hist(o)
tissue (combining form)
lact(o)
milk (combining form)
muscul(o)
muscle (combining form)
nas(o), rhin(o)
nose (combining form)
pod(o)
foot (combining form)
pyr(o)
fire (combining form)
tox(o), toxic(o)
poison (combining form)
nosocomial infections
hospital-acquired infections
iatr(o)
physician or treatment (combining form)
idi(o)
individual (combining form)
nos(o), path(o)
disease (combining form)
seps(o), sept(i)
infection (combining form)
staphyl(o)
grapelike cluster (combining form)
strept(o)
twisted (combining form)
bacilli
rod shaped bacteria
diplococci
spheric bacteria in pairs
spirochetes
sprial shaped bacteria
staphylococci
Spherical shaped bacteria that form grape-like clusters
streptococci
spherical shaped bacteria occurring in twisted chains
vibrios
comma-shaped bacteria
CDC
centers for disease control and prevention (abbreviated term)
HPV
human papillomavirus (abbreviated term)
MRSA
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (abbreviated term)
strep
streptococci
carcinogen
substance that produces cancer
ab-
away from (prefix)
ad-
toward (prefix)
ante-, pre-
before in time or in place (prefix)
circum-, peri-
around (prefix)
dia-
through (prefix)
ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra
out, without, away from (prefix)
en-, end-, endo-
inside (prefix)
epi-
above (prefix)
inter-
between (prefix)
intra-
within (prefix)
ipsi-
same (prefix)
medio-
middle (prefix)
para-
near, beside, or abnormal (prefix)
per-
through or by (prefix)
post-
after, behind (prefix)
retro-
behind, backward (prefix)
super-, supra-
above, beyond (prefix)
sym-, syn-
joined, together (prefix)
trans-
across (prefix)
transdermal
drug that can be absorbed through unbroken skin
interval
a space of time between events
intracollegiate
activities occure within a college or are engaged in by members of a college
ipsilateral
affecting the same side of the body
contralateral
affecting opposite sides of the body
syndrome
a set of symptoms that occur together and collectively characterize a particluar disease or condition
macro-, mega-, megalo-
large or great (prefix)
micro-
small (prefix)
ante-, pre-, pro-
before (prefix)
macroscopic
structures are large enough to be seen with the naked eye
brady-
slow (prefix)
bradyphasia
abnormally slow manner of speech
tachyphasia
rapid speech
tachy-
fast (prefix)
cm
centimeter (abbreviated term)
dL
deciliter (abbreviated term)
g
gram (abbreviated term)
L
liter (abbreviated term)
mcg
microgram
mg
milligram (abbreviated term)
mL
milliliter (abbreviated term)
p.o.
orally (abbreviated term)
p.r.n.
as needed (abbreviated term)
A & O
alert and oriented (abbreviated term)
BP
blood pressure (abbreviated term)
HEENT
head, eye, ears, nose, throat (abbreviated term)
ROS
review of systems (abbreviated term)
di-
two
diplo-
double (prefix)
hyper-
more then normal (prefix)
hypo-
beneath (prefix)
nulli-
none (prefix)
pan-
all (prefix)
quad-, tetra-
four (prefix)
tri-
three (prefix)
uni-, mono-
one (prefix)
hemi-, semi-
half (prefix)
milli-
one thousandth (prefix)
multi-, poly-
many (prefix)
abduct
carry away from by force
microtia
decreased size of the external ear
erythrocyte
a red (blood) cell
postnasal
behind the nose
diplopia
double vision
hemolysin
a substance that causes hemolysis
ophthalmopathy
any disease of the eye
pyromania
excessive preoccupation with fires
osteitis
inflammation of the bone
myalgia
muscular pain
nasal
pertaining to the nose
calculi
stones
microscopy
viewing things with a microscope
contralateral
occurring on the opposite side
ultrasonic
descriptive of extremely high sound frequencies
organic disease
disease associated with a demonstrable physical change
phagocyte
a cell that can ingest and destroy particulate substances
hemolyze
a verb that means to destroy red blood cells anc cause them to release hemoglobin
heart disease
causes most deaths in the United States