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the nearness or involvement of God in the world


Egyptian goddess worshipped in Roman mystery cults

Judas Maccabeus

Jewish patriot who led the family responsible for spearheading the revolt against the Romans


the act by which God brings people into proper or right relationship with himself, righteousness earned by faith, not works


"proclamation" the early Christian preaching about Jesus as the Christ intended to elicit the decision of faith

Kingdom of God

"Rule of God" God's lordship over humankind and the world. The central theme of Jesus' message in the Synoptic Gospels


"common" in Greek, the everyday Greek speech used throughout the Hellenistic world during the period of early Christianity


in the New Testament generally the revelation of God through Moses so the people of Isreal embodied in the cultic, ritual, and moral commandments of the Old Testament

literary criticism

method that seeks to determine the literary character or development of the books of the Bible

Lord's Supper

the church's continuing reenactment of the last supper of Jesus with His disciples


the name given the priestly family who successfully led the revolt against Hellenistic Syrian rule


handwritten documents, especially the ancient New Testament documents


a second-century Christian scholar and evangelist, later labeled a heretic for his docetic Christology and his belief in two Gods- the harsh leagalistic God of the Jews and the merciful loving God of Jesus

Markan Priority

the view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Gospels to be written and was used by Matthew and Luke


Hebrew "annointed one", Greek equivalant is "Christos"


the authoritative Jewish legal or halakic traditions, ascribed ultimately to Moses, that developed in rabbinic and Pharisaic Judaism and were codified in the early third century


Persian deity worshipped in a mystery cult spread thoughout the Roman world

mystery cults

a group of Greco-Roman religions that focused on the devotees' individual needs both in this life and in the life after


the result of efforts to communicate faith in transcendent reality by means of story and symbol

Nag Hammadi

village in upper (Southern) Egypt, near the place where a collection of Gnostic writings, including the Gospel of Thomas, were discovered


a sacred place where the gods answered questions brought by their worshippers to the resident holy person

oral tradition

teaching transmitted from person to person or generation to generations, by word of mouth rather than writing


Greek "right opinion", a term used to designate a set of beliefs acknowledged to be true by the majority of those in power


any of the polytheistic religions, an umbrella term for ancient Mediterranean religions other than Judaism and Christianity


helper, comforter, or mediator. Christian community's helper after the death of Jesus


Greek term meaning moral exhortation


the early Christian belief in the appearance or second coming of Christ


suffering, particularly the suffering of Jesus during his last week


the annual Jewish celebration of the deliverance from slavery in Egypt

Pastoral Epistles

1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. These letters give advice to the church leader or pastor concerning matters of church government and discipline

Pauline Corpus

all of the letters of the NT claimed to be written by Paul


the Jewish Feast of Weeks, beginning on the fiftieth day after Passover. Occassion of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples of Jesus, beginning of the church


a "cutting around" or section, term is used of the individual, complete units of tradition about Jesus that circulated separately in the early church later joined together to form the Gospels


a prominent Jewish religous group at the time of Jesus, who practiced strict observance of both written and oral law


the term used to designate the NT belief that Jesus of Nazareth existed with God before his earthly advent


the formal beginning of an epistle, normally including the names of the sender and addresses, a greeting, and often a prayer or wish for good health


holy person authorized to perform ritual and cultic acts mediating between human beings and God


official of the Roman Empire exercising administrative authority over a province or district


placating or pacifying of the deity; a sacrafice that induces God to be favorable or beneficient to the sacraficer


literally "false writings", particularly a group of late Jewish writings claiming the Old Testament figures as their authors


the practice of writing under a fictitious name

Q Source

the hypothetical source, consisting of sayings of Jesus, used by both Matthew and Luke in writing their Gospels


the site on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea where a Jewish sect lived in strict obedience to the law of its covenant community. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found near this site.

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