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43 terms

Vocab I-Q

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immanence
the nearness or involvement of God in the world
Isis
Egyptian goddess worshipped in Roman mystery cults
Judas Maccabeus
Jewish patriot who led the family responsible for spearheading the revolt against the Romans
justification
the act by which God brings people into proper or right relationship with himself, righteousness earned by faith, not works
Kerygma
"proclamation" the early Christian preaching about Jesus as the Christ intended to elicit the decision of faith
Kingdom of God
"Rule of God" God's lordship over humankind and the world. The central theme of Jesus' message in the Synoptic Gospels
koine
"common" in Greek, the everyday Greek speech used throughout the Hellenistic world during the period of early Christianity
law
in the New Testament generally the revelation of God through Moses so the people of Isreal embodied in the cultic, ritual, and moral commandments of the Old Testament
literary criticism
method that seeks to determine the literary character or development of the books of the Bible
Lord's Supper
the church's continuing reenactment of the last supper of Jesus with His disciples
Maccabees
the name given the priestly family who successfully led the revolt against Hellenistic Syrian rule
manuscripts
handwritten documents, especially the ancient New Testament documents
Marcion
a second-century Christian scholar and evangelist, later labeled a heretic for his docetic Christology and his belief in two Gods- the harsh leagalistic God of the Jews and the merciful loving God of Jesus
Markan Priority
the view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Gospels to be written and was used by Matthew and Luke
Messiah
Hebrew "annointed one", Greek equivalant is "Christos"
Mishnah
the authoritative Jewish legal or halakic traditions, ascribed ultimately to Moses, that developed in rabbinic and Pharisaic Judaism and were codified in the early third century
Mithras
Persian deity worshipped in a mystery cult spread thoughout the Roman world
mystery cults
a group of Greco-Roman religions that focused on the devotees' individual needs both in this life and in the life after
myth
the result of efforts to communicate faith in transcendent reality by means of story and symbol
Nag Hammadi
village in upper (Southern) Egypt, near the place where a collection of Gnostic writings, including the Gospel of Thomas, were discovered
oracle
a sacred place where the gods answered questions brought by their worshippers to the resident holy person
oral tradition
teaching transmitted from person to person or generation to generations, by word of mouth rather than writing
orthodoxy
Greek "right opinion", a term used to designate a set of beliefs acknowledged to be true by the majority of those in power
paganism
any of the polytheistic religions, an umbrella term for ancient Mediterranean religions other than Judaism and Christianity
paraclete
helper, comforter, or mediator. Christian community's helper after the death of Jesus
paraenesis
Greek term meaning moral exhortation
parousia
the early Christian belief in the appearance or second coming of Christ
passion
suffering, particularly the suffering of Jesus during his last week
Passover
the annual Jewish celebration of the deliverance from slavery in Egypt
Pastoral Epistles
1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. These letters give advice to the church leader or pastor concerning matters of church government and discipline
Pauline Corpus
all of the letters of the NT claimed to be written by Paul
Pentecost
the Jewish Feast of Weeks, beginning on the fiftieth day after Passover. Occassion of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples of Jesus, beginning of the church
pericope
a "cutting around" or section, term is used of the individual, complete units of tradition about Jesus that circulated separately in the early church later joined together to form the Gospels
Pharisees
a prominent Jewish religous group at the time of Jesus, who practiced strict observance of both written and oral law
preexistence
the term used to designate the NT belief that Jesus of Nazareth existed with God before his earthly advent
prescript
the formal beginning of an epistle, normally including the names of the sender and addresses, a greeting, and often a prayer or wish for good health
priest
holy person authorized to perform ritual and cultic acts mediating between human beings and God
procurator
official of the Roman Empire exercising administrative authority over a province or district
propitiation
placating or pacifying of the deity; a sacrafice that induces God to be favorable or beneficient to the sacraficer
pseudepigrapha
literally "false writings", particularly a group of late Jewish writings claiming the Old Testament figures as their authors
pseudonymity
the practice of writing under a fictitious name
Q Source
the hypothetical source, consisting of sayings of Jesus, used by both Matthew and Luke in writing their Gospels
Qumran
the site on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea where a Jewish sect lived in strict obedience to the law of its covenant community. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found near this site.