Create an account
Stanford Prison Study
A study in which college students were assigned the roles of prison guards and analyzed
A theory that states that people attribute behavior to their situation or disposition
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency of people to overestimate the influence of a person's personality as opposed to the influence of the situation
Occurs when a person has two conflicting viewpoints. The person might change one of said viewpoints because of this.
Diffusion of responsibility
When responsibility is spread among many people there is a reduced sense of personal responsibility
the discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment.
greek for "study of the mind", Franz Joseph Gall argued (incorrectly) that different brain areas accounted for specific character and personality traits (thieves had bumps behind ears)
volunteers were taught how to carefully observe, analyze, and describe their own sensations, mental images, and emotional reactions.
emphasizes the function or purpose of behavior instead of analysis/description. Lead by William James.
distress is due to conflicts and emotional traumas that had originated in early childhood
type of psychologist that helps students with emotional difficulties and to succeed academically
type of psychologist that diagnoses, treats, and studies mental/emotional problems
the ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgments on the basis of reason
bias in which a person only pays attention to things that support his argument while ignoring contrary evidence
group of individuals from a population that represent that population in important characteristics
human subjects must participate voluntarily and know enough to make an informed decision on whether to volunteer
unexpected changes in subjects' behavior due to cues that experimenter gives accidentally
type of statistics that determines how statistically meaningful a study's results are
Common instigating causes of war
Injustice, Threats to security and interests, and Conflict (Perceived incompatibility between goals, values, or beliefs)
urban 10 year olds were not able to adapt to conflict while rural 10 year olds were
Alternatives to military action
Economic sanctions, Positive incentives & friendly initiatives, Negotiation, Third party involvement, Nonviolent resistance (MLKJ)
someone comes in and helps 2 conflicting parties communicate but the
parties still make the final decision
someone outside helps 2 conflicting parties communicate but ultimately makes the decision
(1) Favoring military actions vs. cooperative actions to deal with international conflict and
(2) believing that national security depends more on military strength than on cooperation with other nations
psychological problems with nuclear deterrence
Human error could be catastrophic, People sometimes act without concern about expected punishment, Competitive thinking has resulted in dangerous levels of nuclear weapons
physical traits desirable by women
slightly sunken eyes, heavier eyebrows, broad chin, thin lips, smaller distance between top of lip and brow
lobe of the brain that deals with analysis and emotional control (motor strip is in the rear of this)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together