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Spanish Culture Famous People
Terms in this set (28)
A Mexican news anchor who works in the United States. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1983, and three years later, became the youngest national news anchor in the history of U.S. media. He continues to work today, writing books and running programs which advocate for Latino rights and immigration reform.
a famous leader of the resistance movement to free many South American countries from Spanish rule. The Latinos call him El Libertador, which means the liberator. He had controversial ideas about how a government should be run, thinking that the best option is a president that cannot be removed from office. He became a dictator, and took control of the area called Gran Colombia, which includes countries such as Colombia, Bolivia, and Venezuela. Despite his reputation as a dictator, he is still known as a hero in many Spanish speaking South American countries.
a famous Tejano singer in the 1980s and 1990s. She was the youngest artist to win "Female Vocalist of the Year" at the Tejano music awards in 1986. She released her official debut album in 1989. Unfortunately, at the age of 23 in 1995, she was shot and killed by the president of her fan club, Yolanda Saldivar.
the dictator/president of Venezuela from 1998 to 2013. He made his own socialist ideal of Bolivarism which was based off the principles of Simon Bolivar. As a young man he was a member of the Venezuelan Military and he led an unsuccessful coup against the government. Unfriendly with the US.
born in el Ferrol, 1892, was the dictator of Spain from 1939-1975. Although national language and culture are important to him, the dictator encouraged nationalism and discouraged external cultural influence. Franco also finds cultural homogeneity is also important and to maintain it he created programs facilitating it. Franco's forefathers along with his brother are all Naval Officers, so as a young boy his parents wanted him to be one, too. Many people don't know this but, two years before Franco was announced as a 'Military leader,' or dictator, he emulated Hitler's tactics and many people of Spain created the slogan: "One State! One Country! One Chief! Franco! Franco! Franco!"
a famous painter during the 20th century.
The first latina woman to be elected to the Supreme Court of the United States. Most famously known for rising from poverty in the Bronx.
Ana María Matute
An important author. She is known for having sympathetic treatment toward the lives of children and adolescents. In her stories she put in elements of the supernatural, myth, fairy tail, and otherwise nonexistent things. When she was a child, she lived during the Spanish Civil War. She was born July 26, 1925.
Her education as a child wasn't too great because her family kept moving between Madrid and Barcelona in Spain.
was born on July 5th, 1878 in Durango Mexico. He was a Mexican revolutionary and guerilla leader who fought against the regimes of Porfirio Díaz (a Mexican dictator) and Victoriano Huerta (another Mexican dictator). Later on in his life in July 20th, 1923, he would be assassinated by a soon-to-be Mexican president.
a Cuban communist leader that was born on June 3, 1931 (84), near Birán, Cuba. He was a leader along with his brother in the 1950's Cuban revolution. He overthrew Batista, the current Cuban dictator and helped put his brother in the position. In 2008 Raul was officially made the leader of Cuba and is helping his country to rise while building relations again with Cuba.
Mario Vargas Llosa
A Peruvian author that has had a major impact on the hispanic culture. He has 25 books in total.
a Guatemalan woman who has spent her life gaining Indian and Mayan rights. When she was a child, she worked alongside her family on a coffee farm. Once she was an adult, her mother, father, and brother were killed by the Guatemalan army, because at the time they were going through a civil war. She won a Nobel Peace Prize for her work to establish peace in Guatemala.
Queen Isabella of Castile (catholic queen)
is married to King Ferdinand of Aragon, the two kingdoms would later become Spain. They were both strong believers in the catholicism, and thought that anyone who didn't believe that as well was wrong. They believed that the kingdoms were only going to be pure once everyone was "pure" and of catholic religion, so they promoted the expulsion and death of any one who believed differently.
Joaquín " El Chapo" Guzmán
a major drug lord in mexico who escaped from jail in July. He escaped by digging a hole through his shower and supposedly bribed several guards.
was born on August 9th 1972 in Medellin Colombia. He is currently 43 years old. He is a Latin singer who is widely known for singing about controversial issues, and starting several charities revolving around the youth. He has won 20 Latin Grammys and 5 American Grammys. He has also appeared on the tonight show, Jimmy Kimmel live, and Dancing with the Stars.
born in 1934 and throughout his childhood showed signs of being very athletic. He grew up in Puerto Rico and then moved to
a civil rights activist and children's activist. She founded the Agricultural Workers Association and the United Farm Workers.
Catholic King (Ferdinand)
a catholic King who was married to Queen Isabella of Castille and ruler of Spain
a famous soccer player
Cristobal Colon (Christopher Columbus)
a famous explorer who was born in the year 1451. He was the first European to discover a route to the Americas and he was also the person that lead to the colonization of North and South America. He impacted the latino life because without him spain wouldn't have been credited with being the first European country to colonize/settle in the Americas. Did you know that Christobal Colon went to the new world four times, and that when he was 14 he left school and his family to be an apprentice on a trading ship.
a famous singer and known as the "Queen of Salsa". She was born on October 21, 1925 in Havana, Cuba and passed away on July 16, 2003. She accomplished many things in her life and won many awards; she recorded 23 gold albums during her lifetime. She also has many foundations, such as the Celia Cruz Foundation, Celia Cruz All Stars, and the Celia Cruz Legacy Project. These organizations help preserve her work and keep her legacy alive, while helping many children get a musical education.
parents were from Spain, but they immigrated to Cuba before he was born. So jose grew up in Cuba which helped his passion for the Cuban revolution. He became famous for writing many revolutionary papers. On the battlefield is unfortunately where he died on May 19th, 1895 fighting for his country's revolution.
a Spanish painter and artist known for his hallucinatory, odd dreamscapes. He was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueras, Spain. From 1914 to 1918, he studied at a Marxist school. He said that this was an important source of ideas for his paintings. He is a Surrealist painter, and his paintings sometimes caused controversy because of their frank truth. The dictator Francisco Franco in Spain expelled him from the Surrealist movement, but that didn't stop him from painting
an award winning novelist, poet, and essayist. She was born in New York but only stayed for a couple months before moving back to The Dominican Republic, her home country. After living there for ten years, her family had to flee back to American because her father got involved in a political rebellion. She mostly writes about political and cultural differences between America and The Dominican Republic through her own experiences. She is also part of a Latina writers movement.
a chief of his village council, farmer, and horse trainer, became a significant leader in the Mexican Revolution through the years of 1910-1920. He played a key role in fighting against the central Mexican government and its many corrupt leaders, including Porfirio Díaz. In addition, he is also hailed for fighting for the agricultural reforms of peasant farmers by creating a small army against the central Mexican government, and by also creating a 2,000 word treaty describing the steps for these reforms. Zapata is greatly respected for his contribution to social justice in Mexico, and became an iconic image standing with his sombrero, popularizing the hat throughout the country.
a revolutionary, an author, physician, diplomat, military theorist, and guerrilla leader. He was an educated medical student when he witnessed the poverty and illiteracy among the Latinos in South America, and saw all of this as a result of capitalism spreading from the USA. Later, he joined the 26th of July movement with the Castro brothers, Raul and Fidel, to travel to Cuba, with the intention of overthrowing the US-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista. He played a pivotal role in the Cuban revolution, as he shared a leftist aspiration against the western imperialism and capitalism. Guevara was also responsible of raising the Cuban literacy rate from 60% to 96%, due to the fact that he was the head of the National Institute of Agrarian Reform (INRA). Ernesto, Che Guevara's real name, was the author of more than 25 books.
an infamous drug lord from Colombia. He was born on December 1st, 1949 in Antioquia, Colombia. He was responsible for 80% of all of the cocaine smuggled illegally into the U.S, which was mostly achieved through his biggest and most famous system- the Medellín Cartel.
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