history chapter 5 section 2
Terms in this set (37)
What was the Constitutional Convention?
Took place in May 25, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to address problems in governing the United States.
Who were the founders and what did they do?
They were 55 delegates: majority were lawyers, most others were planters and merchants. Most had experience in colonials, state, or national government. 7 served as state governors, 39 had been members of the Confederation congress. 8 signed the declaration of independence.
List the provisions of the Virginia Plan?
The legislature would be divided into two houses. The voters in each state would elect member of the first house. The members in the second house would be nominated by the state government, but was instead elected by the first house.
What was the New Jersey Plan?
A counterproposal that modified the articles of confederation to make the central government stronger.
What was the Connecticut Compromise?
An agreement that large and small states reached during the constitutional convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States.
How did the government compromise over slavery?
The three-fifths compromise worked out as to where every five enslaved people in state would count as 3 free persons for determining both representation and taxes.
What was the framework for a limited government?
The constitution provided for a separation of powers among three branches of the federal government
How does the Checks and Balances system work?
Each of the 3 branches of government can limit the powers of the others. Each branch checks the power of the other branches so they make sure that each power is balanced between them.
What does it mean to amend the Constitution?
member of the Virginia assembly and head of it commerce committee.
New york delegate that recommended that the congress call for another convention to be held in Philadelphia in May 1787.
Governor of Virginia and introduced the plan.
A delegate from New Jersey who offered a counterproposal that became to be called the New Jersey Plan.
What is the three-fifths compromise?
Enacted in 1787. The delegates to the constitutional convention accepted a plan, which was offered by James Madison to determine a states representation in the U.S house of representatives.
Why did small states oppose the Virginia Plan?
It advocated a legislative branch in which both houses of Congress would be based on population.
What is popular sovereignty?
The authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through the elected representatives, which is the source of all political power.
What is federalism?
federal system or system of government
What is separation of powers?
act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
What is the legislative branch and who makes it up?
It makes laws- made up of the two houses of the senate and the House of Representatives.
What is the executive branch?
Part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration for the state.
What is the judicial branch?
Made up of courts- supreme, circuit, local, and municipal. Also interprets laws.
What does it mean to veto?
What does it mean to impeach?
CHANGE OF MISCONDUCT
What are amendments?
Article added to the U.S constitution
How did the South want to count enslaved persons when counting the population of the states?
Every 5 enslaved person would count as 3 free persons
How is power divided under the system of federalism?
A written constitution divides the powers.
Who would the Virginia Plan benefit?
What is required to amend the Constitution?
The Congress may propose it with 2/3-majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, or by a constitutional convention.
Who were the Federalists?
SUPPORTED THE RATIFICATION
Which delegate was chosen as presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention?
What need did the Constitutional Convention have to balance states rights with?
Need for a stronger national government.
Why were the meetings of the Constitutional Convention closed to the public?
To help ensure honest and open discussion free from outside political pressure.
Where was the Constitutional Convention held?
How many states had to ratify the Constitution for it to take effect?
Who voiced the Connecticut Compromise?
Elderly at the time of the Constitutional Convention, his experience and good humor helped smooth the debates?
Who chaired the convention committee to resolve the differences between the large and small states?