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Chapter 15 - Body mechanics and Patient Mobility All chapter Key Terms in addition to medical terminology and relative information.


movement of an extremity away from the midline of the body


movement of an extremity toward the midline of the body


relationship of various body parts to each other

base of support

area on which an object rests; a stance with feet slightly apart

body mechanics

the field of physiology that studies muscular actions and the functions of muscles in maintaining the posture of the body

compartment syndrome

pathologic condition caused by progressive development of arterial compression and reduced blood supply to an extremity.


abnormal shortening of a muscle

dorsal (supine)

lying flat on the back

dorsal recumbrent

supine position with patient lying on back, head, and shoulder with extremities moderately flexed


bending or flexing backward as in upward bending of the fingers, wrist, foot, or toes


movements allowed by certain joints of the skeleton that increases the angle between two adjoining bones


posture assumed by patient when head of bed is raised 35 - 60 degrees


knee-chest position; patient kneels so that weight of body is supported by knees and chest


position of maximum extension; extreme or abnormal stretching


the inability to move around freely


any one of the connections between bones


patient lies supine with hips and knees flexed and thighs abducted and rotated externally


a persons ability to move around freely in his or her environment


the posture assumed by the patient sitting up in bed at 90-degree angle

physical disuse syndrome

a state in which an individual is at risk for deterioration of body systems as the result of prescribed or unavoidable inactivity


palm of the hand turned down


lying face down in horizontal position


any body action involving the muscles and joints in natural directional movements


posture assumed by patient with head of bed is raised approximately 30 degrees


position in which patient lies on side with knee and thigh drawn upward toward chest


kind of rotation that allows the palm of the hand to turn up


patients head is low and body and legs are on inclined plane

passive assisted ROM

when it is necessary in assisting the patient with ROM

active assisted ROM

when the patient is able to perform ROM with little or no assistance from the nurse


movement of certain joints that decreases the angle between two adjoining bones

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