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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Social Studies 8R Final Questions/Terms
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Terms in this set (36)
What was Reconstruction?
A period of time after the Civil War that began in 1865 and ended in 1877. The South is rebuilt and the country is reunited.
What was the 10% Plan?
An easier more lenient plan on the South. Southern states could form a new government after 10% of the voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States. Then, they must abolish slavery. Voters can elect Congressional members and take part in the national government. Granted amnesty to former Confederates.
What was Andrew Johnson's plan?
The president after the Lincoln's death. He believes that a majority of voters in each Southern state should pledge loyalty to the U.S. He hates the 14th Amendment.
What is impeachment?
When you are brought formal charges against.
What are black codes?
Laws that limited freedmen's rights'
What is the Freedman's Bureau?
An agency that helped former slaves.
Who were carpetbaggers?
Northerners who moved to the South.
Who were scalawags?
White southerners who favored the North (Republicans).
Who were sharecroppers?
A farmer that rented land was given seeds to grow and tools in return for a share of the crop at harvest time.
Who were tenant farmers?
Farmers who contributed their labor along with at times varying amounts of capital and management(money).
Who were the Ku Klux Klan?
A dangerous secret society that wanted the South to regain power. They worked to keep African-Americans and white Republicans out of office.
What were the Jim Crow Laws?
Laws that trapped Southern blacks and whites in schools, restaurants, trains, etc.
What happened during the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal so long as facilities for blacks and whites were equal.
What is indictment?
A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Who were the Radical Republicans? What was Radical Reconstruction?
During the Radical Reconstruction, Republicans who favored Reconstruction and believed black codes were wrong. President Johnson asked them to take control of Reconstruction. Also, Congress passes the Reconstruction Act.
What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
It granted citizenship and the same rights enjoyed by white citizens to all MALE persons in the United States "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude." Also known as the 14th Amendment.
What are civil rights?
Rights that protected only MALE persons of America.
What is the Thirteenth Amendment?
It banned slavery throughout the U.S.
What is the Fourteenth Amendment?
Stated that every MALE in the U.S, white or black, was a citizen.
What is the Fifteenth Amendment?
It forbade any state to deny any citizen the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
What was the Reconstruction Act?
It threw out the state governments that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment, which was every Confederate state except for Tennessee.
What was the Tenure of Office Act?
A United States federal law that was intended to restrict the power of the President of the United States to remove certain office-holders without the approval of the Senate. President Johnson (1865-1869) and President Clinton (1993-2001) both disobeyed this, but "made it out."
What is a poll tax?
A fee that required voters to pay a fee each time they voted.
What is a literacy test?
It required voters, African-Americans especially, to read and explain a section of the Constitution. Most of them couldn't read, so it was rare to see them from the polls.
What is segregation?
An enforced separation of races.
What is discrimination?
Saying cruel things about someone's race.
What is the grandfather clause?
Laws that stated that if a voter's farther or grandfather had been eligible to vote on January 1st, 1867 the voter did not have to take a literacy test.
What was the solid South?
Known as the "Old South", it didn't have anything new during that part. In other words, there was no industry.
What was the New South?
The South that had grown into industry; now textiles, tobacco, coal, etc.
What is amnesty?
Who is Charles Sumner?
He is famous for being attacked by Preston Brooks during the 1850's, most notably during "Bleeding Kansas."
Who is Thaddeus Stevens?
The official leader of the Radical Republicans.
Who was Andrew Johnson?
The president after the Lincoln's death.
Who was Edwin Stanton?
The representative that refused to be fired by Johnson in 1868.
Who was President Grant?
A popular Union General, he was the 18th President of the U.S.(1869-1877)
Who was Rutherford Hayes?
The 19th President of the United States(1877-1881). He wasn't very popular, most notably for putting an end to Reconstruction.
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