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Terms in this set (59)
Who were the principal gods of ancient egypt?
Amon and re
By the late centuries B.C.E., the Bantu spread agriculture to all of sub-saharan africa except for?
Densely forested regions and deserts
A busy port city, Egypt's early gateway to the Mediterranean was_______
Which of the following is not a term for a style of writing developed in Egypt?
Which of the following cities were capitals of Nubia?
Karma and Napata
Which agricultural changes occurred in Egypt around 5000 B.C.E.?
Crops were grown outside of the floodplains
The Nubians produced little bronze because _______
They were busy producing iron and Nubia did not have the raw materials for it.
Where did the Bantu migrate after 2000 B.C.E.?
East toward the Great Lakes and south toward the Congo river basin
What did Egypt import from Nubia?
Raw materials, including ebony, slaves, and gemstones.
How did climate change after 5000 B.C.E. Affect the people of Africa?
It forced communities to move closer to the remaining bodies of water.
After 7500 B.C.E. Sudanic society made the shift from ______
Nomadic herding to settled agriculture.
Which of the following best explains why the cult of Aten died out while that of Amon-Re flourished?
After Akhenaten's death, traditional priests eradicated all memory of Aten's cult while restoring the privileged status of Amon-Re
In Sudanic religious beliefs, e divine force _____
Should be followed or punishment would occur and was responsible for the good fortune of people.
Egyptians mummified their dead because they believe _____
An afterlife and immortality
Which of the following metals were integral to Egyptian craftsmen after 1700 B.C.E.?
Iron and bronze.
Which three of the following statements accurately describes similarities between Egyptian and Nubian approaches to transportation?
1) as in Egypt, Nubians used the technology of the wheel, adopted from Mesopotamia.
2) both Egyptian and Nubian societies used donkey caravans for transport between the Nile and Red Sea.
3) both Egyptian and Nubian societies made use of the Nile for transport.
Following Osiris's death at the hands of his brother, Seth, Osiris's wife. Isis,
Gathered his dismembered parts, and the gods, impressed by her devotion restored him to life.
How did fashioning tools and weapons out of new materials help the Bantu?
It allowed their population to grow rapidly and it helped them clear land more effectively.
Where did the earliest Bantu people settle?
Near present day Nigeria and Cameroon
In what region did African agriculture first take root?
What ancestral language did immigrants from Ethiopia introduce to the lower parts of the Nile?
Women were responsible for overseeing all of the _______ responsibilities of Egyptian and Nubian cultures.
Which of the following best identifies the most enduring achievements of the Old Kingdom pharaohs?
Massive royal tombs
Some characteristics of the Hyksos were that they
Were Semitic and practiced a nomadic way of life
Because Egypt had advanced both agriculturally and demographically, by about 3100 B.C.E. It was able to create?
A unified kingdom
As Egyptian influence declined, scholars in Nubia developed their own system for writing in the ______ language, an alphabetic script based on sounds rather than ideas.
Many Egyptians believed that
Upon death they would go to another facet of existence
Egypt depended on the _____ for the majority of its labor force.
The position of pharaoh continued the tradition of ______ inherited from earlier kingdoms.
The pace of the Bantu migrations quickened after about 1000B.C.E., as Bantu people's began to produce tools and weapons made of
New kingdom pharaohs are famed for building all of the following except for
After first taking root in Sudan, Africa agriculture next developed in what two regions?
The Nile valley and sub-Saharan Africa
Later pharaohs were seen as the sons of the sun god
The Bantu people are grouped together by
What geographical characteristic did the Egyptians use for agriculture as the Sahara became more arid?
How does a statue of queen Hatshepsut depict her, in an effort to make her citizens more comfortable with her as a ruler?
She wears a stylized beard to associate herself with previous pharaohs
Following death, Osiris was said to bestow immortality on people
With high moral standards
What was the primary reason Nubia established the early kingdom of kush?
Nubians feared Egyptian invasion
The Assyrian armies that invaded Egypt in the mid seventh century B.C.E. Were equipped with weapons made from
Which group of people brought large quantities of bronze into Egypt while attempting to conquer the Nile?
The Bantu were able to establish new settlements because of their transportation skills, more specifically, their ability to build and use
Why were the Hyksos successful in capturing Memphis, the capital of Egypt?
They had horses and bronze weapons, which gave them a military advantage.
Around 5000 B.C.E., the small scale states in the Sudan were ruled by which type of ruler?
Kings who were seen as divine or semi divine beings
Which of the following statements regarding the class structure in Nubia and Egyptian societies is incorrect?
Unlike in Egyptian society, the tombs of Nubian upper and lower classes were similar.
Why was Egypt interested in a relationship with Nubia after the unification?
They wanted gold, ivory, and precious stones contained within Nubian boundaries.
Nonelite women were not allowed to participate in _____ affairs in Egyptian and Nubian societies.
Tomb illustrations depict a 1450 B.C.E. Interaction between the Egyptians and residents of a land they called Punt. During the interaction, the Egyptians and residents of punt
Traded with each other
Egyptian craftsmen were prepared to work with bronze and iron when those metals became accessible in Egypt because of their experience working with
Samples of ancient Egyptian writing still exist because
It's climate preserved the paper like material used for the writings.
Which of the following statements about Nubian and Egyptian attitudes toward women in power is incorrect?
Involvement in the priesthood was denied to women in both Egyptian and Nubian society.
What do the elaborate Egyptian funerary customs indicate about Egyptian society?
Bountiful harvests enabled many Egyptians to be economically privileged.
The Bantu established new settlements because of
Responsibilities in Bantu communities were assigned to members placed in specific groups. The groups were determined by the members'
Because Egyptian and Nubian cultures were structured in such a way that men held authority over political and economic affairs, they are considered to be what kind of society?
Which of the following statements regarding the way that Egyptians and Nubian religious practices blended in Nubia is not correct?
Egyptian gods eventually replaced Nubian deities altogether.
Which of the following statements about Egypt after the New Kingdom is incorrect?
The fall of the New Kingdom was accompanied by an unexpected flowering in the arts.
Who invaded Egypt from the south during the 8th century B.C.E.
Unlike Old and Middle Kingdom Egypt, Egypt in the New Kingdom
Was an imperial power that controlled territory far beyond its traditional borders
Bantu religious beliefs were perpetually evolving, and they borrowed heavily from other communities practices. After 1000 B.C.E., the Bantu associated the god Nyamba with goodness after interacting with people who worshipped a single divine force that was both good and evil. The people who believed in this single divine force were
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