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Terms in this set (33)
This is short for adenosine diphosphate. An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups. With the addition of another phosphate group, it is converted to ATP for the storage of energy during cell metabolism. It then forms again, from ATP, when a phosphate group is removed to release energy
This is a simple biological process not requiring oxygen
This is the main energy storage and transfer molecule in the cell.
This is the name applied to the cycle by which ATP are broken down to ADP with the release of energy, and the regeneration of ATP from ADP through the process of phosphorylation.
This is an organism that obtains its energy from inorganic substances or from the sun.
A cell that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds.
This is a series of chemical reactions that take place in the chloroplasts and occur as part of the dark reactions of photosynthesis.
This is a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; it is used by cells to store and release energy. Sugars are made by chloroplasts through photosynthesis and consumed by mitochondria through cell respiration.
This is the gas produced as a result of respiration.
This is the process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules in the presence of oxygen.
Energy stored in chemical bonds of molecules.
Electron Transport Chain
This is a series of energy-producing chemical reactions, which produce 34 ATP for the cell, occur in the mitochondria, and form the last step of aerobic cellular respiration
The capacity for doing work. It may be transformed from one form to another.
This is a simple sugar that provides energy to organisms.
This is the anaerobic process that splits glucose into
two molecules of pyruvic acid.
This is an organism that relies on complex organic substances for nutrition.
This is the second stage of cellular respiration and takes place in the mitochondrial matrix. During this stage the decomposition of pyruvate to carbon dioxide is completed
This is a chemical reaction in a plant that converts solar to chemical energy.
Energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Most often associated with a wavelength that is visible to the eye.
Light Independent Reactions
This is a series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed and produce the organic molecule, glucose, from carbon dioxide.
These are all biochemical processes of an organism.
An organelle found in most eukaryotic cells described as "cellular power plants", because their primary function is to convert organic materials into energy in the form of ATP
This is the electron carrier in cellular respiration.
This is the electron carrier in photosynthesis.
In any food web, this is the energy available to organisms for maintenance, production, and reproduction.
This is one of the three components of a nucleotide that contains phosphorus.
This is a chemical process that uses light to process carbon dioxide in plants.
This is a substance that helps determine the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
This is a complex carbohydrate made from many different sugar molecules joined together.
This is an organism that supplies matter and energy, also known as an autotroph.
This substance is made from glucose through glycolysis, and supplies energy to living cells through the Krebs cycle when oxygen is present (aerobic respiration), and alternatively ferments to produce lactate when oxygen is lacking (fermentation).
These are the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
This is the utilization of radiation from the sun.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Organization of Living Systems
DNA & Protein Synthesis
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