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private, unobservable mental processes such as sensation, perception, thought, and problem solving
the school of psychology, founded by John B. Watson, that defines psychology as the scientific study of observable behavior
the perspective, founded by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives and conflicts as determinants of human behavior
the psychological perspective that emphasizes the influence of biology on behavior
the point of view that emphasizes the role of thought processes in determining behavior
the psychological view that assumes the existence of the self and emphasizes the importance of self-awareness and the freedom to make choices
the psychological point of view that emphasizes the effects of experience on behavior
a psychologist trained to deal with serious mental illness; they do psychological testing, psychotherapy, and conduct research
a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; can prescribe medication
a psychologist who helps athletes improve their performance using techniques like relaxation and visualization
Stages 3 & 4 sleep
deep sleep; difficult to wake person; often disoriented if wake up; talking and walking in sleep happen here
rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep
sleep that features vivid, long-lasting dreams; similar to being awake; irregular breathing, heart rate; difficult to awaken from; body "paralyzed"
a sleep disorder characterized by temporary breathing stoppages during sleep and repeated awakenings
according to Sigmund Freud, the part of a dream that is remembered, the "story" of the dream
according to Freud, the part of the mind that is not currently in consciousness, but could be made conscious with a little effort; includes memories and stored knowledge
according to Freud, the part if the mind that contains what a person is currently aware of
according to Freud, the part of the mind holding information that a person is not aware of; contains unacceptable wishes, immoral urges, shameful experiences, etc.
behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious personal suffering or interfere with one's ability to cope with daily life
a general state of dread or uneasiness that occurs in response to a vague or imagined danger
specific phobia (simple phobia)
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition; used to diagnose mental disorders
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminishes interest or pleasure in most activities
a group of disorders marked by lack of reality testing, and disturbances in thought, perception, language, behavior, and emotions
REM sleep changes throughout the lifespan
as people age, REM sleep becomes a smaller percentage of overall sleep
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