Avignon Papacy/Babylonian Captivity
The Avignon papacy was a period from 1309-1377 in which 7 popes resided in Avignon, France. Clement V expanded papal taxes, and Clement VI sold indulgences, which were pardons for unrepented sins. Clement V, a Frenchman, was named as pope in 1309. Clement declined to move to Rome, remaining in France, and then moved his court to the papal enclave at Avignon, where it remained for the next 67 years. This absence from Rome is sometimes referred to as the "Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy"