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Terms in this set (14)
Andrew Johnson's plan for reconstruction which was less severe than Radical Reconstruction and only required that southerners swear allegiance to the Union and that states denounce their secession and ratify the 13th Amendment.
Ended slavery throughout the U.S.
Members of Congress who favored a much tougher stance with the former Confederate States.
Made freed African Americans citizens of the states in which they lived as well as citizens of the U.S.
Laws that limited the rights of freed blacks so much that they basically kept them living like slaves.
Constitutional amendment guaranteeing African Americans the right to vote.
As the first federal relief agency in US history, it provided clothes, medical attention, food, education and even land to African Americans coming out of slavery.
Ku Klux Klan
A secretive organization whose members often dressed in hooded white robes, they used violence, murder and threats to intimidate blacks and those who favored giving African-Americans equal rights.
Northerners who came to the south to do business after the Civil War.
Southerner Republicans who supported Reconstruction.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws passed in the South after Reconstruction that required blacks and whites to use separate public facilities.
Tests designed to keep blacks from voting by requireing predominantly uneducated African Americans to prove they could read and write before allowing them to vote.
Laws designed to help poor and less educated whites stisll vote by exempting them from literacy tests and poll taxes if their ancestors had voted or served in the Confederate military.
Special tax passed in the South after Reconstruction to prevent blacks from voting by requiring them to pay money to vote.
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