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APHG Chapter 1
Terms in this set (35)
A body of thought that emphasizes that humans and nonhumans are linked together in a dynamic set of relations that, in turn, influence nonhuman behavior.
A situation in which one place or region can supply the demand for resources or goods in another place or region.
A subfield within human geography that studies the relationship between people and the natural environment.
The collection of structures, fields, or other features that result from human transformation of the natural environment; any landscape created or modified by people.
A social creation consisting of shared beliefs and practices that are dynamic rather than fixed, and a complex system that is shaped by people and, in turn, influences them.
The tapering off of a process, pattern, or event over a distance.
The arrangement of phenomena on or near the Earth's surface.
A theory maintaining that natural factors control the development of human physiological and mental qualities.
An area that possesses one or more unifying physical or cultural traits.
An area that is unified by a specific economic, political, or social activity and possesses at least on node.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A combination of hardware and software that enables the input, management, analysis, and visualization, of georeferenced (location-based) data.
Broadly, a way of depicting, in reduced form, all or part of the world, or a level of analysis used in a specific project or study.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A constellation of artificial satellites, radio signals, and receivers used to determine the absolute location of people, places, or features on Earth.
The greater interconnectedness and interdependence of people and places around the world.
A branch of geography centered on the study of people, places, spatial variation in human activities, and the relationship between people an the environment.
A situation in which a different location can provide a desired good more economically than another location.
In one sense, the physical environment that is external to people, but also a social construction derived from ideas that people have about the physical environment.
A conceptual framework that separates nature from culture (nature is not culture, and vise versa) and is rejected by many scholars today.
An area that people perceive to exist because they identify with it, have an attachment to is, or imagine it in a certain way.
A locality distinguished by specific physical and social characteristics.
An offshoot of cultural ecology that studies how economic forces and competition for power influence human behavior, especially decisions and attitudes involving the environment.
A theory that people use their creativity to decide how to respond to the conditions or constraints of a particular natural environment.
A grid based format for storing location-based data in a geographic data such as land cover or elevation.
The study of the cultural, economic, political, physical, or other factors that contribute to the distinctiveness of geographical areas.
A means of acquiring information about something that is located at a distance from you or the sensing device, such as a satellite.
The physical characteristics of a place, such as its topography, vegetation, and water resources.
The geographic context of a place, including its political, economic, social , or other characteristics.
A bounded (absolute)or unbounded (relative) area. Absolute space can be precisely measured; relative space is shaped by contingency.
The degree to which two or more phenomena share similar distributions.
The movement of a phenomenon, such as an innovation, information, or an epidemic, across space and over time.
The connections and relations that develop among places and regions as a result of the movement or flow of people, goods, or information.
Changes in the distribution of a phenomenon from one place or area to another.
The process by which places seem to become closer together in both time and space as a result of innovations in transportation and communication that weaken the barrier or friction of distance.
The cost of moving a good and the ability of the good to withstand that cost.
A format for storing location-based data in a geographic information system that uses latitude and longitude coordinates to represent geographic features with points, lines, and other complex shapes.
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