The Nature and Purpose of Government.
Terms in this set (23)
What is citizenship?
Citizenship is being a part of a community. This community can be a country, school, town, etc.
What does good citizenship look like?
Good citizenship is being involved in your community and trying to improve it.
What is the difference between rights and responsibilities?
A right is something that a person has the freedom to do. A responsibility is something that a person is obligated to do.
What are some rights American citizens have?
Americans can practice any religion they choose, as long as it doesn't harm others, as well as the freedom to criticize the government.
What are some responsibilities American citizens have?
American citizens have a responsibility to vote in elections for representatives. They are also responsible for learning what the candidates stand for.
What are you a citizen of?
Your home, school, town, state, and country.
What are the four characteristics of a country? Define them.
Government: A ruling body that makes and enforces laws; Territory: Borders recognized by other countries; Sovereignty: Absolute freedom to make decisions about the country; Population; The people that live in the country.
Is New Hampshire a sovereign state? Explain.
No because New Hampshire must answer to the US federal government.
Is France a sovereign state? Explain.
Yes because there is no higher government that makes decisions for France.
What is the difference between democratic and authoritarian governments?
The citizens can make decisions in a democracy, but authoritarian governments have a small group make all of the decisions for the people.
What is the difference between an autocracy and an authoritarian system?
An autocracy is when one person appoints themselves to the leadership position. An authoritarian system can have a group lead the people.
Monarchy is a form of government where power is handed down through a royal family.
Dictatorship is a form of autocratic government where a single person takes power by force.
Theocracy is a form of government where the leader is a person of religious importance, and the law is based off of a holy book.
Oligarchy is when a small group of people, usually from a noble or wealthy family, control the government.
Anarchy is when order does not come from a government, but from the people choosing to lead orderly lives in a country.
Democratic systems are governments where the people get to decide what laws are passed.
What is Direct Democracy? Representative Democracy.
Direct Democracy is when every citizen votes on issues. Representative Democracy is when the people elect others who they think will vote the way they want.
What is the state of nature? What is life like in this state?
The state of nature is what many philosophers see as the condition in which humans lived before government. In this state, there are no laws to limit what people can do, but this also means that anybody can steal from or kill each other.
How did Hobbes think the government should be run?
Hobbes believed that a monarchy system, with one person having all the power, was the best way to run a government.
What natural rights do people have, according to Locke? Describe them.
People have the right to be alive, have some liberty, or freedom, about their lives, and own property.
How did Locke think the social contract worked?
Locke believed that each person gave some of their freedom to the government, in exchange for safety that they didn't have in the state of nature.
What did Locke say should happen if the government fails to protect the citizens' natural rights?
Locke thought that if the government did not protect the people and their natural rights, or tried to seize powers it was not given, the citizens had a right to change it.
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