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Process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other forms of matter are passed from one organism to another and from one part of the biosphere to another
Single nutrient that either is scarce or cycles very slowly, limiting the growth of organisms in an ecosystem
an immediate increase in the amount of algae and other producers that results from a large input of a limiting nutrient
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment, or surroundings.
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all of life exists, including land, water, and air, or atmosphere
a group of organisms so similar to one anoter that they can breed and produce fertile offspring
a collection of all the organisms that live in a particular place, together with their nonliving, or physical environment
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