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24 terms

Muscle and Skeletal System Quiz

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exoskeleton
skeleton outside of bodies
tendons
connective tissues that connect muscles to bones
ligaments
bones are attached to one another with this
marrow
soft tissue found inside some bones of the skeletal system
ball and socket joint
ex. shoulder, hip
hinge joint
ex. elbow, finger, knee
fixed joint
bones of the skull
3 types of muscles
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
framework, movement, protection, storage, make blood cells
5 functions of skeletal system
cartilage
thick tough smooth flexible tissue that is harder than flesh but softer than bone. it covers the ends of bones to allow movement and cushion shock
periosteum
tough tight fitting membrane that covers the bone
skeletal system
the bodies network of bones, which form a rich frame to support the body, protect internal organs, generate red blood cells, ad store calcium and phosphorus
joint
a place where two bones meet
osteoclasts
breaks down bone tissue
osteoblasts
deposit calcium and phosphorus that make bone tissue hard
moveable joint
allows body to make wide range of movements
immoveable joint
allow little or no movement
voluntary muscles
muscle you can control
involuntary muscles
muscles that you can't control. they work automatically
muscle
is an organ that contracts and gets shorter
skeletal muscles
muscles that move bones
smooth muscles
nonstriated, involuntary muscles that move many of your internal organs
cardiac muscle
found only at the heart. it is involuntary
Gliding Joint
Joint in which bones slide over each other. ex: wrist, ankle