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170 terms

VOCAB FINALS FOR REAL

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august
adj
majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
condescend
verb
a. to lower oneself to the level of one considered inferior
b. to treat others as though they are inferior; to patronize
deference
noun
respectful yielding to the opinion or wishes of another; courteous respect
grovel
verb
a. to behave so humbly that is demeaning
b. to lie or creep face downward, as in humanity
lackey
noun
one who does lowly jobs for another; one who follows all orders without questioning them
predominate
verb
a. to be greatest in number or importance
b. to have or gain the greatest power or influence; prevail
slavish
adj
a. acting completely under the will of another; like a slave; servile
b. showing no originality; blindly imitating
subjugation
noun
the act of conquering or bringing under control; enslavement
supercilious
adj
proudly scornful; disdainful
sycophant
noun
a person attempting to win favor by flattering important people
flagrant
adj
noticeable bad; conspicuously offensive; glaring
furtive
adj
sneaky and secretive; characterized by stealth; sly
latent
adj
present or capable of coming into existence, but not visible, evident, or active
ostensible
adj
apparent; represented as true; possible or seemingly true on the surface
salient
adj
strikingly conspicuous; prominent or significant
sequester
verb
a. to isolate someone or something; to seclude
b. to seize or gain possession of property
subterfuge
noun
a deceptive strategem or trick
surreptitious
adj
obtained, done, or made by secret or stealthy means
unobtrusively
adverb
acting in a manner that does not attract attention
vaunt
verb
to boast of; to brag
noun
a boastful remark; speech of extravagant self-praise
autocratic
adj
ruling with unlimited power or authority
autonomy
noun
independence; self-determination or self-governance
caste
noun
a social class separated from others by profession, wealth, or hereditary rank
despot
noun
a. a ruler with absolute power
b. a person who wields power
feudal
adj
relating to a system in which people (called "vassals") were given protection and the use of land, in return for loyalty, payments, and services to a lord
hegemony
noun
dominance, especially that of a country, region or group over others
oligarchy
noun
a. government by a few, especially by a small faction of people or families
b. a state governed by a few people or families
sovereign
a. adj
self-governing; independent
b. adj
having supreme rank or power
c. noun
a king, queen, or other noble person who serves as head of state; a ruler or monarch
totalitarian
adj
relating to a form of government with absolute and centralized control over every aspect of people's lives
usurp
verb
a. to take hold power or rights by force and without legal authority
b. to take the place of or occupy without right
diligence
noun
a. steady effort; persistent hard work
b. attentive care; carefulness
fastidious
adj
a. possessing or displaying careful attention to detail
b. picky; difficult to please
finicky
adj
difficult to please; insisting on getting exactly what one wants
imprudent
adj
unwise; doing things without careful thought or judgment
judicious
adj
having or exhibiting good, sound judgment
meticulous
adj
extremely careful and precise
minutia
noun
a small, minor, or trivial detail
slovenly
adj
a. untidy; sloppy in dress or appearance
b. marked by carelessness or negligence; shoddy
trepidation
noun
a. anxiety; a state of alarm, dread, or fear
b. involuntary trembling or quivering
unmindful
adj
failing to give due care or attention; inattentive
condemn
verb
a. to express strong disapproval of
b. to give a judgment against; to sentence
c. to declare to be unfit for use, often by official order
culpable
adj
deserving of blare or punishment for being wrong, evil, or harmful
exonerate
verb
a. to free from blame
b. to free from a responsibility, an obligation, or a task
extort
verb
to obtain by force or threat
incorrigible
adj
a. incapable of being corrected or reformed
b. difficult or impossible to control
malfeasance
noun
wrongdoing or misconduct, especially by a public officials
misdemeanor
noun
a minor offense; a misdeed
purloin
verb
to steal, often in violation of trust; to commit theft
ruffian
noun
a. a gangster or thug
b. a tough or rowdy person; a troublemaker
unscrupulous
adj
lacking moral restraint; scornful of what is right or honorable
banter
verb
to converse in a playful or teasing way
noun
an exchange of good-humored, playful remarks
caricature
noun
a representation in which distinctive traits are exaggerated or distorted for comic effect
verb
to represent or imitate in an exaggerated or distorted manner
droll
adj
amusingly odd
facetious
adj
playfully joking; humorous; not meant to be taken seriously
flippant
adj
humorous in a disrespectful, casual way; rudely witty
hilarity
noun
great merriment; extreme amusement
ludicrous
adj
ridiculously, laughably absurd
mirth
noun
good spirits; happiness and merriment, especially as expressed by laughter
whimsical
adj
playful or unpredictable
witticism
noun
a clever remark or saying
analogy
noun
a comparison highlighting a similarity between otherwise dissimilar things
antithesis
noun
a. the direct or exact opposite
b. a figure of speech in which contrasting ideas are placed side by side in parallel phrases
commensurate
adj
corresponding in size or degree; proportionate
congruence
noun
agreement, harmony, or correspondence
deviate
verb
to depart or turn aside from a path, direction, or course of action
disparity
noun
the condition or fact of being unequal or different; inequality
heterogeneous
adj
consisting of many different elements or types; varied
homogeneous
adj
similar in kind or nature; uniform
nuance
noun
a subtle or slight degree of difference
tantamount
adj
equivalent in significance, effect, or value
austerity
noun
a. severe and rigid restrictions, especially those brought about by difficult economic times
b. the quality or lacking luxury or ornamentation; bareness; simplicity
c. the quality of being severe or stern in appearance or manner
depreciate
verb
to decrease or cause to decrease in value or price
equity
noun
a. net value; the value of a business or property minus debt owed
b. fairness; justice
frugal
adj
economical; thrifty; careful or strict in avoiding unnecessary spending
indigent
adj
extremely poor; impoverished; lacking basic necessities
munificent
adj
generous; liberal in giving
pecuniary
adj
having to do with money
recession
noun
a. a general decline in business activity
b. the act of withdrawing or going back
remunerate
verb
to pay for goods provided, services rendered, or losses incurred; to compensate for
solvent
adj
capable of meeting financial obligations; able to pay debts
acrimonious
adj
bitter or sharp in language or tone
chastise
verb
to punish or criticize severely
debunk
verb
to expose or make fun of a false claim or an exaggeration
derogatory
adj
insulting; belittling
disparage
verb
to speak of in a disrespectful or slighting way; to belittle
harass
verb
to irritate or torment repeatedly
impugn
verb
to attack or challenge as false or questionable
innuendo
noun
an indirect or subtle expression of something, usually negative; a hint
invective
noun
abusive or strong critical language
vilify
verb
to make vicious insulting comments about; to slander
didactic
adj
a. intended to teach
b. overly moralistic; preachy
edify
verb
to instruct for intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement
elucidate
verb
to explain or make clear
erudite
adj
possessing great knowledge and scholarship
esoteric
adj
understood only by an elite, scholarly, or exclusive group; obscure
imbue
verb
a. to inspire or influence thoroughly
b. to stain or dye thoroughly
indoctrinate
verb
to instruct in or impart certain principles or ideology
pedagogy
noun
a. the art or profession of teaching
b. the body of knowledge related to education and teaching
pedantic
adj
overly concerned with or narrowly focused on book learning or formal rules
pundit
noun
a. a person of great learning about a particular topic; an expert
b. a source of opinion; a critic
aegis
noun
protection; sponsorship; guidance
amends
noun
something done to make up for a wrong, an injury, or a mistake; compensation
conciliatory
adj
peacemaking; appeasing; intended to overcome distrust, animosity, or conflict
conducive
adj
tending to cause or bring about; favorable to
extricate
verb
to free from difficulty or entanglement
importune
verb
to annoy with repeated and insistent requests; to ask for urgently or repeatedly
mediate
verb
to help opposing sides reach an agreement; to intervene in a conflict in order to improve the situation
mitigate
verb
to make less severe; to soften, lessen, or moderate
patronize
verb
a. to support or sponsor
b. to go as a customer; to shop at regularly
c. to treat as inferior
renovate
verb
to restore something to an earlier condition, by repairing or remodeling
assertive
adj
acting with confidence and force; sure of one's self
brazen
adj
extremely bold; shamelessly rude or defiant
complaisant
adj
wanting to please; willing to do what pleases others; cheerfully obliging
docile
adj
gentle; easily manageable
or teachable; tame
flamboyant
adj
showy, flashy, vivid or dramatic
intrepid
adj
fearless; having unwavering courage
mellow
adj
relaxed and unhurried; easygoing
verb
to become more relaxed or pleasant
pacific
adj
of a peaceful nature; calm
strident
adj
loud, harsh, grating, or shrill
unabashed
adj
a. not embarrassed; composed
b. not hidden or disguised; obvious
affect
verb
a. to influence; to change
b. to put on a false show or display of
noun
feeling or emotion, especially as shown in facial expressions or body language
effect
noun
a result
verb
to bring about
depredation
noun
a. a predatory attack; a raid
b. damage, destruction, or loss
deprivation
noun
the state of lacking or doing without something; loss
disinterested
adj
impartial; free of bias or self-interest in an outcome
uninterested
adj
without interest; having no interest or concern in a matter
emigrate
verb
to leave one country or region and settle in another
immigrate
verb
to settle in a country or region where one is not a native
precede
verb
to come before
proceed
verb
to go forward or onward
beguile
verb
a. to charm; to delight
b. to deceive skillfully
benevolent
adj.
a. wishing to do good; kindly; characterized by helpful intentions
b. concerned with, or for the benefit of charity
decorum
noun
appropriateness of behavior; propriety
demeanor
noun
the way one behaves or presents oneself; one's manner
feral
adj
a. wild and untamed; savage
b. having returned to an untamed state from domestication
ignoble
adj.
a. mean, unethical, or dishonorable; not noble in character
b. not of the nobility; common
mores
noun
accepted standards and customs of a social group
provincial
adj
a. relating or areas that are far from large cities or capitals
b. not sophisticated, fashionable, or informed; culturally limited
c. limited or narrow in perspective
unseemly
adj
unfitting and inappropriate; grossly improper
wily
adj
cunning; full of trickery or intentions to deceive
aggrandize
verb
a. to make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
b. to exaggerate, or make something seem greater than it is
exorbitance
noun
extreme, unreasonable expense or price; being beyond reasonable or proper limits
grandiose
adj
a. trying to seem important; characterized by pretended grandeur
b. grand; magnificent in size, beauty or scope; impressive
gratuitous
adj
unnecessary; unjustified
intemperate
adj
excessive; lacking moderation
multifarious
adj
having great variety; diverse
opulence
noun
a. wealth; affluence
b. great abundance, often to excess; lavishness
profligate
adj
recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant
satiate
verb
to fully satisfy an appetite or a desire
surfeit
noun
an excessive amount
verb
to feed or supply to excess or disgust; to overindulge
acronym
noun
a word formed from the first letter of a word in a series
affix
noun
a prefix or suffix

verb
a. to attach a part to the beginning or end of a word
b. to attach something
coinage
noun
a. the invention of new words
b. an invented word or phrase
c. the making of metal coins; metal currency
colloquial
adj.
typical of informal language usage; conversational
diminutive
noun
a. a suffix that indicates small size, youth, familiarity, affection, or contempt
b. a nickname indicating affection or familiarity

adj.
extremely small; tiny
metonymy
noun
a figure of speech that substitutes a word with a different but closely associated word
oxymoron
noun
an expression that contains contradictory terms
palindrome
noun
a word or an expression that is spelled the same backward and forward
portmanteau word
noun
a word formed by combining the sounds and meanings of two different words
spoonerism
noun
an often comical switching of the first sounds of two or more words
apprehensive
adj.
anxious of fearful about the future; uneasy
categorical
adj.
a. without exception or qualification; absolute
b. done according to types; arranged by categories
conclusive
adj.
decisive; putting as end to doubt, question, or uncertainty
dubious
adj.
doubtful; uncertain; questionable as to quality or validity
indeterminate
adj.
a. not capable of being determined or established; not precisely known
b. lacking clarity of precision; vague
precarious
adj.
a. dangerous; risky; lacking in security or stability
b. based on uncertain or questionable premises
qualm
noun
a sense of doubt or uneasiness about a course of action
tentative
adj.
uncertain; not fully worked out or agreed upon; provisional
unequivocal
adj.
perfectly clear; leaving no room for doubt or misunderstanding
vacillate
verb
a. to swing indecisively from one opinion or action to another
b. to sway or hesitate in choice of actions or opinions