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20 terms

Ch. 5: The American Revolution

STUDY
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Second Continental Congress
2 weeks after Lexington and Concord, this congress met in Philly, with delegates form every colony except Georgia
-AGREED TO SUPPORT THE WAR
-passed the Olive Branch Petition
Olive Branch Petition
last conciliatory appeal to the king
Common Sense (1776)
Pamphlet written by Paine: helped change the Amer. outlook towards war
-"common sense" for Amer. to break away
Thomas Paine
Revolutionary propagandist, Common Sense
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft it; said that the colonies should cut all ties with England (called the colonies the USA)
Thomas Jefferson
delegate from Virginia who wrote most of the Dec. of Independence with Franklin and John Adams
Loyalists/Tories
Supporters of the king
Articles of Confederation (1777)
Congress to be the main coordinating agency of the war effort, only national authority
-FAIL
George Washington
Virginian, 1st president
Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
First battle of the Revolution; Patriots lost
Saratoga (1777)
British surrender to Americans
-led to a US alliance with FRANCE
Yorktown (1781, Virginia)
Patriots won, Brit. general Cornwallis captured and sent a deputy to FORMALLY SURRENDER
Treaty of Paris (1783)
Gave the US its independence and territory
republican motherhood
Mothers had to instruct their children in the virtues of the republic
Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty (1786)
Complete separation of church and state in Virginia
Ordinance of 1784
Divided western territory into 10 self-governing places: each could petition Congress for statehood when its population equaled the number of free inhabitants of the smallest existing state
Ordinance of 1785
Congress created a system for surveying and selling the western lands
-sales would support the creation of public schools
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created a single Northwest Territory and abandoned the 10 self-governing places
Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794)
Indians defeated in Ohio Valley: led to the cession of large parts of present day Ohio, Michigan, and Illinois
Shays's Rebellion (1786, Connecticut, part of Massachusetts)
Prevented the collection of debts (private or public), used force to keep courts from sitting and sheriffs from selling confiscated property
-Daniel Shays (former capt'n in the continental army) issued a set of demands: paper money, tax relief, stoppage on debts, relocation of the state capital from Boston, abolition of imprisonment for debt
-FAIL: dispersed by state militiamen