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26 terms

Cattle Ranching...

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Trail Boss
person who kept records, gave orders and supervised on the Drive
Ramrod
person who made sure everything was in order and followed Trail Boss' directoins
Drag Riders
person who follows behind the herd and is usually the least experienced rider
Scout
person who usually rode half of a day ahead of the herd
Swing Riders
people on the Drive who helped push and make sure the cattle turned the right way
Wrangler
person in charge of horses while on the trail
Pointer
person who led where to go and rode at the front of the herd
Cook or Cookie
person who drove the chuck wagon and served as a cook or doctor- was usually an old or previously injured cowboy
Cattle Drive
term for a heard of cattle being pushed north to market by a group of cowboys
Cowboy
person who worked with cattle and was trained on a horse and knew how to rope
Round Up
term for when all the cattle are brought together to be branded, fed and counted, usually the day before the Drive
Sedalia Trail
trail that started in South Texas and ended in Sedalia, Missouri
Goodnight Loving Trail
trail that moved cattle in ranges of New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming and Montana (started at Fort Concho, Tecas and ended in Cheyenne, Wyoming)
Great Western Trail
Started in Kerville, Texas and ended in Ogallala, Nebraska
Chisholm Trail
trail started in South Texas, near the King Ranch, and ended in either Elsworth or Abilene, Kansas)
King Ranch
largest ranch in Texas (15,500 acres) was started by Richard King and Mifflin Kenedy in 1853
XIT Ranch
ranch started by British investors-- the same ones who payed for the new Capitol in Austin-- XIT stand for "Ten In Texas". It is located in the Panhandle
JA Ranch
ranch started by Charles Goodnight and John Adair- located in the Panhandle near the end of the Red River
Santa Gertrudis Cattle
the breed of cattle that first came over with the spanish, were strong "red' cattle.
Texas Longhorn Cow
Cow that has 6ft. horns (total length), and could survive in the heat and in the long droughts of Texas
Henrietta King
woman who took over the king Ranch after Richard King, her husband, past away
Elizabeth Johnson Williams
woman who owned her own ranch, had a brand and had her own herd of cattle
J.F. Glidden
man who invented barbed wire for fencing
Joseph McCoy
man who seccessfuly persuaded the rail roads to move to smaller towns and drovers to move their trails to were the new rail roads were stopping
drover
person who pushed the cattle on the trail (cowboy on the trail)
brand
a hot iron marking that the drovers or wraqlers burned into the cows skin- formerly the dotting iron- usually the owners initials