Circulatory system

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Terms in this set (...)

Pulmonary (circulation)
Circulation of blood between the heart and the lungs through the pulmonary artery, capillaries and veins.
Systemic (circulation)
Circulation of blood between the heart and all parts of the body except the lungs through the aorta (main artery), capillaries and returning through the superior and inferior vena cava (main veins).
Pulse
The regular expansion of the arteries caused by the surge of blood that occurs each time the heart beats (contracts).
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the body's organs.
Veins
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart.
Capillaries
The smallest blood vessels which connect the arteries and veins and where oxygen, nutrients, and wastes are exchanged within the lungs or body tissues.
Atria
The two chambers at the top of the heart that receive returning blood from the veins.
Ventricles
The two lower chambers of the heart which force blood out of the heart and into arteries.
Aorta
Artery that carries blood from left ventricle to the rest of the body
Vena cava
One of two large vessels (superior and inferior) that return deoxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart.
Pulmonary artery
Blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Pulmonary veins
Blood vessels that bring oxygen rich blood to the left atrium of the heart from the lungs.
Plaque
A deposit of fatty material on the inner lining of an arterial wall.