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Bed and Client Position-nclex

body positions
STUDY
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Semi-Fowlers
supine with head of bed elevated to 30 degrees- prevent regurgitation/aspiration
Fowlers
lies supine with head of bed elevated to 45 degrees- used for procedures such as tube feeding or suctioning, open air ways.
High-Fowlers
lies supine with head of bed elevated to 90 degrees-promotes lung expansion/treat severe dyspnea.
Supine/Dorsal recumbent
Lies on back with head and shoulder elevated on pillow. Forearms may be placed on pillow or at side. -foot support prevents footdrop and maintains proper alignment.
Prone
Lies flat on abdomen with head to one side- promotes drainage from the mouth following throat or oral surgery.
Lateral/ Side-lying
Lying on side with hip and knee flexed- turned regularly to prevent pressure ulcer.
Sims/ Semi-prone
Side-Lying, upper arms and legs flexed- may promote oral drainage, Commonly used for enema administration
Orthopneic
Sits in bed with pillow over bed-table- promote chest expansion, treat COPD
Trendelenburg
Supine; Head lower than feet- used during postural drainage, facilitates venous return.
Reverse Trendelenburg
Supine; Feet lower than head-promotes Gastric emptying and prevents esophageal reflux.
Dorsal Lithotomy
Supine; Legs flexed at knee, hips abducted- Used for pap smears, birthing position
knee-chest
Prone, thighs straight and lower legs flat on bed