-The Counter-Reformation, which symbolized the Catholic resurgence, finds an artistic parallel in --- of Italy, Flanders, Spain, and France.
-Also flourishes in Protestant Holland, which becomes a counter voice to Catholic art.
-Painting is divided into two schools of thought: the classicists, inspired by the works of central Italian artists such as Raphael; and the naturalists, inspired by Venetian painters such as Titian.
-Artists experiment with different art forms, such as genre paintings, landscapes, and still lifes, and bring them artistically to the same level as transitional subjects.
-Architecture is associated with the majestic royal courts of Europe.