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20 terms

Vocab Unit 9

STUDY
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acclamation
a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval
syn: ovation, cheering, plaudits
ant: booing, hissing, jeers, catcalls
bucolic
characteristics of the countryside, rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral
syn: rustic
ant: urban, metropolitan
calumniate
to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously
syn: defame, libel
ant: flatter, whitewash, praise
chary
extremely cautious, hesitant, or slow (to); reserved, diffident
syn: wary, skittish
ant: heedless, reckless, incautious
collusion
secret agreement or cooperation
syn: conspiracy, plot, connivance, cahoots
dilettante
a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an amateurish, trifling way; superficial
syn: amateur, trifler
ant: professional
imperturbable
not easily excited; emotionally steady
syn: unflappable, unexcitable, serene, unruffled
ant: excitable
increment
an enlargement, increase, addition
syn: accretion, gain
ant: loss, reduction, decrease
mandate
an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; to issue such an order
syn: directive
ant: forbid, ban, outlaw
paltry
trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy
syn: measly, meager, piddling, trivial
ant: gigantic, immense, colossal
paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
syn: fit, seizure
pedantry
a pretentious display of knowledge; overly rigid attention to rules and details
syn: nit-picking, hairsplitting, pettifoggery
peregrination
the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or two a foreign country
syn: journey, wandering, odyssey
redolent
fragrant, smelling strongly; tending to arouse memories or create an aura
syn: evocative, reminiscent, aromatic
ant: unevocative, odorless
refulgent
shining, radiant, resplendent
syn: luminous, splendid
ant: dim, dark, obscure, dingy, dull, murky
shibboleth
a word, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others; a commonplace saying or truism
syn: catchphrase, password, slogan
tyro
a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
syn: neophyte
ant: veteran, past master, expert
unremitting
not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless
syn: constant, incessant, unrelenting
ant: desultory, intermittent
vacillate
to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will
syn: seesaw, fluctuate, oscillate
ant: persevere
vituperative
harshly abusive, severely scolding
syn: abusive, scurrilous, insulting
ant: complimentary, laudatory, flattering