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World Music Quiz 1

STUDY
PLAY
Oral Transmission
oral and aural modes of transmission
Literary Transmission
Notated modes of transmission
Beat
the pulse that divides time into equal units.
Meter
the gathering of beats into regular groups.
Syncopation
the accent is place on the upbeats or between beats.
Tone
a note; basis of music.
Pitch
The highness or lowness of a tone.
Major and Minor Scales
the designation for certain intervals and scales. Diatonic scale used in western music, 7 notes.
Pentatonic Scale
a gapped scale with five notes
Chordophones
sounds activated by vibration of string or string stretched between two points.
Aerophones
sounds activated by passing of air through a tube of some kind.
Membranophones
produces sound by way of a vibrating stretched membrane.
Idiophones
self-sounder, sound activated by vibration of the body of the instrument itself.
Electrophones
any instrument who's sound is produce by an electric current.
Monophonic Texture
a single line or voice
Heterophonic Texture
a single line is performed in varied versions at the same time.
Biphony
a drone with a melody above it
Multi-melody texture/Polyphony
combinations of two or more separate melodic lines.
Harmonies/overtones
a fundamental pitch and a series of harmonic overtones.
Homophony
notes of different pitch occurring together to form chords.