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32 terms

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama and Writing - Rhythm

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama and Writing (fifth edition) X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia Pearson-Longman ISBN: 0-321-47577-1
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rhythm
pattern of stresses and pauses in a poem
stress (accent)
emphasis placed on a syllable in speech
meter
recurrent, regular rhythmic pattern in verse
iambic meter
verse meter consisting of specific recurring number of iambic feet per line
slack syllable
unstressed syllable in a line of verse
accentual meter
meter that uses a consistent number of strong speech stresses per line
caesura
pause within a line of verse that traditionally appears near the middle of the line
end-stopped line
line of verse that ends in a full pause, usually indicated by a mark of punctuation
run-on line
line of verse that does not end in punctuation
prosody
study of metrical structures in poetry
Scansion
practice used to describe rhythmic patterns in a poem by separating the metrical feet, counting the syllables, marking the accents and indicating the pauses
foot
unit of measurement in metrical poetry
iamb
metrical foot in a verse which an unaccented syllable is followed by an accented one ( ˘ ʹ )
anapestic meter
line made up primarily of anapests
anapest
metrical foot in verse in which two unstressed syllables are followed by a stressed syllable ( ˘ ˘ ʹ )
trochiac meter
line made up primarily of trochees; often associated with songs, chants and magic spells in English
trochee
metrical foot in which a stressed syllable is followed by an unstressed syllable ( ʹ ˘ )
dactylic meter
line made up primarily of dactyls; less common to English than it is to classical Greek or Latin
dactyl
metrical foot of verse in which one stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed syllables ( ʹ ˘ ˘ )
rising meter
meter whose movement rises from an unstressed syllable (or syllables) to a stressed syllable; iambic and anapestic meters are examples
falling meter
meter whose movement falls from a stressed to unstressed syllable (or syllables); trochiac and dactylic meters are examples
monosyllabic foot
foot, or unit of meter, that contains only one syllable
spondee
metrical foot of verse containing two stressed syllables ( ʹ ʹ ) often substituted into a meter to create extra emphasis
iambic pentameter
most common meter in English verse containing five iambic feet per line
monometer
verse meter consisting of one metrical foot, or one primary stress, per line
dimeter
verse meter consisting of two metrical feet, or two primary stresses, per line
trimeter
verse meter consisting of three metrical feet, or three primary stresses, per line
tetrameter
verse meter consisting of four metrical feet, or four primary stresses, per line
pentameter
verse meter consisting of five metrical feet, or five primary stresses, per line
hexameter
verse meter consisting of six metrical feet, or six primary stresses, per line
heptameter
verse meter consisting of seven metrical feet, or seven stresses, per line
octameter
verse meter consisting of eight metrical feet, or eight primary stresses, per line