5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- innateness theory of language
- anchoring bias
- natural concepts
- a Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
- b Concepts that represent objects and events.
- c Underusing a word.
- d Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
- e Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- Use a word too widely.
- Concepts that are defined by rules.
- Inability to perceive a new use for an object associated with a different purpose.
- Cognitive strategies used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks; they do not guarantee a correct solution.
5 True/False questions
representativeness bias → Ignoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.
linguistic relativity hypothesis → Brain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.
script → A cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions expected to occur in particular settings.
overregularization → Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.
availability bias → Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.