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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. innateness theory of language
  2. anchoring bias
  3. natural concepts
  4. language
  5. underextension
  1. a Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
  2. b Concepts that represent objects and events.
  3. c Underusing a word.
  4. d Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
  5. e Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  2. Use a word too widely.
  3. Concepts that are defined by rules.
  4. Inability to perceive a new use for an object associated with a different purpose.
  5. Cognitive strategies used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks; they do not guarantee a correct solution.

5 True/False questions

  1. representativeness biasIgnoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.


  2. linguistic relativity hypothesisBrain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.


  3. scriptA cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions expected to occur in particular settings.


  4. overregularizationApplying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.


  5. availability biasTendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.