5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- availability bias
- innateness theory of language
- hindsight bias
- mental set
- a Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
- b Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
- c Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
- d Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.
- e Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The order of words in a language.
- A knowledge cluster or general framework that provides expectations about topics, events, objects, people, and situations in one's life.
- Mental representations of categories of items or ideas, based on experience.
- Faulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.
- Smallest unit of speech with sound.
5 True/False questions
grammar → The rules of a language.
anchoring bias → Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.
natural concepts → Concepts that represent objects and events.
working backwards → Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
overregularization → Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.