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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. availability bias
  2. innateness theory of language
  3. hindsight bias
  4. mental set
  5. algorithms
  1. a Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
  2. b Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
  3. c Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
  4. d Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.
  5. e Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The order of words in a language.
  2. A knowledge cluster or general framework that provides expectations about topics, events, objects, people, and situations in one's life.
  3. Mental representations of categories of items or ideas, based on experience.
  4. Faulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.
  5. Smallest unit of speech with sound.

5 True/False questions

  1. grammarThe rules of a language.

          

  2. anchoring biasTendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.

          

  3. natural conceptsConcepts that represent objects and events.

          

  4. working backwardsFaulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.

          

  5. overregularizationApplying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.