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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hindsight bias
  2. language
  3. syntax
  4. confirmation bias
  5. language acquisition device (LAD)
  1. a Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.
  2. b Structure in the brain innately programmed with some of the fundamental rules of grammar.
  3. c Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.
  4. d Ignoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.
  5. e The order of words in a language.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.
  2. Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.
  3. Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
  4. Faulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.
  5. Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.

5 True/False questions

  1. algorithmsProblem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.


  2. natural conceptsConcepts that represent objects and events.


  3. event related potentialsBrain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.


  4. schemaA cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions expected to occur in particular settings.


  5. functional fixednessConcepts that represent objects and events.