5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- hindsight bias
- confirmation bias
- language acquisition device (LAD)
- a Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.
- b Structure in the brain innately programmed with some of the fundamental rules of grammar.
- c Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.
- d Ignoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.
- e The order of words in a language.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.
- Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.
- Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
- Faulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.
- Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
5 True/False questions
algorithms → Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
natural concepts → Concepts that represent objects and events.
event related potentials → Brain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.
schema → A cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions expected to occur in particular settings.
functional fixedness → Concepts that represent objects and events.