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36 terms

midterm ap psych 9

STUDY
PLAY
getting information into memory
encoding
process of getting information out of memory
retrieval
consciously activated but limited capacity memory
short-term memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system
longterm memory
encodinig that occurs with no effor or a minimal level of conscious attention is known as
automatic processing
in an effort to remember how to spell "rhinoceros" sam spells the word aloud 30 times. this technique is
rehearsal
jamille performs better on foreign language vocab test if she studies the material 15 mins every day for 8 days than if she crams for 2 hours the night before the test this is called
the spacing effect
the process by which information is encoded by its meaning is called
semantic encoding
your ability to immediately recognize the voice over the phone as your mothers illustrates
acoustic encoding
semantic encoding is to visual encoding as __ is to___
meaning; imagery
rephrasing text material in your own words is an effective way of facilitating
semantic encoding
a memory aid
a mnemonic device
inorder to remember a list of the school supplies she needs, marcy mentally visualizes each item at a certain location in her house, marchys tactic is
the method of loci
the letter Y M O M R E are presented jill rememebers them by rearranging them to spell the word MEMORY this provides an illustration of
chunking
by creating an outline in which specific facts and theories are located within the larger framework of major topics and subtopics jasmine can remember much more of what she reads in her college textboosk
hierarchial organization
sabrina went to the store for furniture polish, carrots, pencils, ham, sponges, celery, notebook paper, and salami. she remembered to buy all these items by reminding herself that she needed food products that included meats and veggies and that she needed no food products that included school supplies and cleaning aids. sabrina made use of
hierarchial organization
rememebering how to solve a jigsaw puzzle without an conscious recollection that one can do so best illustrates
implicit memory
conscious memory of factual information is
explicit memory
cerebellum is to __ memory as hippocampus is to __memory
implicit explicit
when an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happend which test of memory is being used
recall
an eyewithness to a grocery store robbery is asked to identify the suspects in a police liineup. which test of memory is being utilized?
recognition
words events places and emotions that trigger our memory of the past are called
retrieval cues
the eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation is kown as
deja vu
information learned while a person is ___ is best recalled when that person is ___
happy happy
this disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information is called
proactive interference
the finding that people who sleep after learning a list of nonsense syllables forget less than people who stay awak provides evidence that forgetting may involve
interference
who emphasized that we repress anxiety arousing memries
Freud
after learning the combination for his new locker at school, milton is unable to remember the combination for his year old bicycle lock. milton is experienceing the effects of
retroactive interference
professor maslova has many memories of former students that she ahs difficulty remembering the names of new students. the professors difficulty best illustrates
proactive interference
the magical number seven plus or minus two refers to the storage capacity of
short term memory
many of the experimental participants who were asked how fast two cars in a filmed traffic accident were going when they smashed into each other subsequently recalled seeing broken glass at the scene of the acident. this is
the misinformation effect
compared to adults, children are more susceptible to
the misinformation effect
eyewitness accounts of crimes are very
reliable
clive wearings case shows the influence of the ___ memory on habits and well learned skills
explicit
participants in one experiment were given entirely fabricated accounts of an occasion in which they had been lost in a shopping mall during their childhood. many of these participants later falsely recollected vivid details of the experience as having actually occured. this is
the misinformation effect
after learning the combination for his new locker at school, milton is unable to remember the cominnation for his year old bicycle lock. milton is experiencing the effects of
retroactive interference