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40 terms

midterm ap psych 2 & 4

STUDY
PLAY
the somantic nervous sytem is a component of the
peripheral nervous system
stimulated digeston i to inhibited digeston as the ____ nervous system is to the ___ nervous system
parasympathetic sympathetic
the sequesnce of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest isf
brainstem limbic system cerebral cortex
your conscious awareness of your own name and self-identity depends primarily on the normal function of your
cerebral cortex
in a recent car accident, tamiko sustained damage to his right cerebral hemisphere. this injury is most likely to reduce tamikos ability to
facially express emotions
the knee jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
spinal cord
which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name
reticular formation
the branch of pyschology that systematically focuses on the pysical, mental, and social changes that occur throughout the life cycle is called
developmental psychology
during the course of successful prenatal development, a human organism begins as an
zygote and finally develops into a fetus
if research suggested that pregnant mothers use of an artifical sweetener caused harm to the fetus the artificial sweetener would be considered a
teratogen
one of the most consisently damaging teratogens is
alcohol
decreasing responsiveness to a stimulus to which one is repeatedly expose
habituation
mr and mrs batson cant wait to begin toilet training their year old daughter the batsons most clearly need to be informed about the importance of
maturation
piaget is best known for his interest in the process of
cognitive development
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information is called a
schema
three year old zara calls all four legged animals kitties her tendency to fit all four legged animals into her existing conception of a kitten illustrates the process of
assimilation
adjusting current schemas to make sense of new information
accomodation
in recognizing the inaccuracies of ones own ethnic stereotypes and revisin his or her beliefs an individual most clearly illustrates
accomodation
what is the correct order of piagets stages of cognitive development
sensori motor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
the awareness that things continue to exist eeven when they are not perceived is known as
object permanence
lisa attempts to retrieve her bottle after her father hides it under a blanket this suggest that lisa has a sense of
conservation
according to piage egocentrism is to conservation as the ____ stage is to the___ stage
preoperational concete operational
the acquisition of a sense of object permanence is most closely associated with the development of
stranger anxiety
the powerful survival impulse that leads infants to seek closeness to their caregivers is called
attachment
young children typically try to satay very close to their parents when they are in an unfamiliar setting this is
attachment
the process by which certain birds form attachments during a critical period very early in life is
imprinting
erik erikson suggested that children with a secure attachment to their parents are especially likely to experience
basic trust
parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be
authoritative
vincents ability to reason hypothetically in his geometry class indicates that he is in the __ stage of development
formal operational
according to kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete reqards represents a
preconventional morality
for regis to think its wrong to drive over the speed limit simply because he might get punished for doing so is demonstrating kohlbergs
preconventional stage of morality
avoiding physical punishment is to____morality as repsecting the laws of society is to ___morality
preconventional conventional
according to erikson isolation is to intimacy as role confusion is to
identity
lolita vacillates between acting rebellious toward her parents and high school teachers and behaving with compliance and respect erikson would have suggested that lolitas inconsistency illustrates
role confusion
accumulated knowledge and verbal skills refers most directly to a persons
crystallized intelligence
henry disapproves of stealing jelly beans from his sister's easter basket because he thinks his mother will spank him if he does henry best represents a ___morality
preconventional
if youre really concerned aout the rights and dignity of wome yigal asked his older brother how can you justify buying pornographic magazines yigals question indicates that he is in the ____ stage of development
conventional
when joan touched her infants cheek he turned his head toward te side that was touched and opended his mouth. joan was eliciting the
rooting reflex
the part of the cerebral cortex that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as
Broca's area
Henry disapproves of stealing jelly beans from his sister;s easter basket because he knows that it is against family rules. henry best represents a ___morality
conventional