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1,359 terms

Oxford 3000 (2)

STUDY
PLAY
market
(v.) buy household supplies.
e.g. We go marketing every Saturday.
marketing
(n.) the commercial processes involved in promoting and selling and distributing a product or service.
e.g. Most companies have a manager in charge of marketing.
marriage
(n.) a close and intimate union.
e.g. The marriage of music and dance.
married
(adj.) joined in matrimony.
e.g. a married man
(n.) a person who is married.
e.g. We invited several young marrieds.
mass
(n.) a body of matter without definite shape.
e.g. a huge ice mass
(v.) join together into a mass or collect or form a mass.
e.g. Crowds were massing outside the palace.
massive
(s.) being the same substance throughout. e.g. massive silver
master
(n.) an artist of consummate skill.
e.g. a master of the violin
(v.) have dominance or the power to defeat over.
e.g. Her pain completely mastered her.
match
(n.) something that resembles or harmonizes with. e.g. that tie makes a good match with your jacket
(v.) provide funds complementary to.
e.g. The company matched the employees' contributions.
mate
(n.) a fellow member of a team.
e.g. It was his first start against his former teammates.
(v.) make love.
e.g. Birds mate in the Spring
material
(adj.) directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
e.g. His support made a material difference.
(n.) the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.
e.g. coal is a hard black material
(s.) concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests.
e.g. material possessions
matter
(n.) written works (especially in books or magazines).
e.g. He always took some reading matter with him on the plane.
(v.) have weight; have import, carry weight.
e.g. It does not matter much.
mean
(s.) excellent.
e.g. famous for a mean backhand
(v.) have a specified degree of importance.
e.g. My ex-husband means nothing to me.
meaning
(n.) the message that is intended or expressed or signified.
e.g. what is the meaning of this sentence
(s.) rich in significance or implication.
e.g. a meaning look
means
(n.) considerable capital (wealth or income).
e.g. He is a man of means.
meanwhile
(n.) the time between one event, process, or period and another.
e.g. Meanwhile the socialists are running the government.
(adv.) at the same time but in another place.
e.g. meanwhile, back at the ranch.
measure
(n.) the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule.
e.g. The measurements were carefully done.
(v.) have certain dimensions.
e.g. This table surfaces measures 20inches by 36 inches
measurement
(n.) the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule. e.g. the measurements were carefully done
medical
(a.) relating to the study or practice of medicine.
e.g. the medical profession
medicine
(n.) the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries.
e.g. He studied medicine at Harvard.
medium
(n.) an intervening substance through which something is achieved.
e.g. The dissolving medium is called a solvent.
meet
(s.) being precisely fitting and right.
e.g. it is only meet that she should be seated first
(v.) satisfy a condition or restriction.
e.g. Does this paper meet the requirements for the degree?
meeting
(n.) a small informal social gathering.
e.g. There was an informal meeting in my living room.
melt
(n.) the process whereby heat changes something from a solid to a liquid.
e.g. The power failure caused a refrigerator melt that was a disaster.
melt
(v.) reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating.
e.g. melt butter
member
(n.) anything that belongs to a set or class.
e.g. snakes are members of the class Reptilia
membership
(n.) the body of members of an organization or group.
e.g. They polled their membership.
memory
(n.) the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes.
e.g. He taught a graduate course on learning and memory.
mental
(a.) of or relating to the mind.
e.g. mental powers
(s.) affected by a disorder of the mind.
e.g. a mental patient
mentally
(adv.) in your mind.
e.g. he suffered mentally
mention
(n.) a remark that calls attention to something or someone.
e.g. She made frequent mention of her promotion.
(v.) make reference to.
e.g. His name was mentioned in connection with the invention.
menu
(n.) a list of dishes available at a restaurant. e.g. the menu was in French
mere
(s.) being nothing more than specified. e.g. a mere child
merely
(r.) and nothing more. e.g. I was merely asking
mess
(n.) a state of confusion and disorderliness.
e.g. The house was a mess.
(v.) make a mess of or create disorder in.
e.g. He messed up his room.
message
(n.) a communication (usually brief) that is written or spoken or signaled.
e.g. He sent a three-word message.
message
(v.) send a message to.
e.g. She messaged the committee
metal
(a.) containing or made of or resembling or characteristic of a metal.
e.g. a metallic compound
middle
(a.) of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages.
e.g. Middle English is the English language from about 1100 to 1500
(n.) time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period.
e.g. the middle of the war
midnight
(n.) 12 o'clock at night; the middle of the night.
e.g. Young children should not be allowed to stay up until midnight.
mild
(a.) moderate in type or degree or effect or force; far from extreme.
e.g. a mild winter storm
mile
(n.) a large distance.
e.g. he missed by a mile
military
(a.) of or relating to the study of the principles of warfare.
e.g. military law
(n.) the military forces of a nation.
e.g. Their military is the largest in the region.
milk
(v.) exploit as much as possible. e.g. I am milking this for all it's worth
mind
(n.) an important intellectual.
e.g. The great minds of the 17th century.
(v.) be offended or bothered by; take offense with, be bothered by.
e.g. I don't mind your behavior.
mine
(v.) get from the earth by excavation.
e.g. mine ores and metals
mineral
(a.) relating to minerals.
e.g. mineral elements
(s.) composed of matter other than plant or animal. e.g. the inorganic mineral world
minister
(n.) a person appointed to a high office in the government.
e.g. Minister of Finance
(v.) attend to the wants and needs of others.
e.g. I have to minister to my mother all the time.
ministry
(n.) the work of a minister of religion.
e.g. He is studying for the ministry.
minor
(a.) of lesser seriousness or danger.
e.g. suffered only minor injuries
(s.) of the younger of two boys with the same family name.
e.g. Jones minor
minority
(n.) being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts. e.g. when the vote was taken they were in the minority
minute
(n.) a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour.
e.g. He ran a 4 minute mile.
(s.) infinitely or immeasurably small.
e.g. two minute whiplike threads of protoplasm
mirror
(n.) a faithful depiction or reflection.
e.g. the best mirror is an old friend
(v.) reflect as if in a mirror.
e.g. The smallest pond at night mirrors the firmament above
miss
(v.) be absent.
e.g. The child had been missing for a week.
missing
(s.) not able to be found.
e.g. missing in action
mistake
(n.) an understanding of something that is not correct.
e.g. He wasn't going to admit his mistake.
(v.) identify incorrectly.
e.g. Don't mistake her for her twin sister.
mix
(n.) an event that combines things in a mixture.
e.g. A gradual mixture of cultures.
(v.) combine (electronic signals).
e.g. mixing sounds
mixture
(n.) an event that combines things in a mixture.
e.g. a gradual mixture of cultures
mobile
(a.) moving or capable of moving readily (especially from place to place).
e.g. a mobile missile system
(s.) (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently.
e.g. a restless mobile society
model
(n.) someone worthy of imitation.
e.g. every child needs a role model
(v.) display (clothes) as a mannequin.
e.g. model the latest fashion
modern
(a.) belonging to the modern era; since the Middle Ages.
e.g. modern art
(s.) relating to a recently developed fashion or style. e.g. their offices are in a modern skyscraper
moment
(n.) an indefinitely short time.
e.g. wait just a moment
money
(n.) the official currency issued by a government or national bank.
e.g. He changed his money into francs.
month
(n.) one of the twelve divisions of the calendar year. e.g. He paid the bill last month.
moon
(n.) the light of the moon.
e.g. moonlight is the smuggler's enemy
(v.) expose one's buttocks to.
e.g. moon the audience
moral
(a.) relating to principles of right and wrong; i.e. to morals or ethics.
e.g. moral philosophy
(n.) the significance of a story or event.
e.g. The moral of the story is to love thy neighbor.
(s.) arising from the sense of right and wrong.
e.g. a moral obligation
morally
(adv.) in a moral manner.
e.g. he acted morally under the circumstances
more
(a.) (comparative of many' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning greater in number.
e.g. a hall with more seats
more
(adv.) comparative of much; to a greater degree or extent.
e.g. he works more now
morning
(n.) the time period between dawn and noon.
e.g. I spent the morning running errands.
most
(a.) (superlative of many' used with count nouns and often preceded by the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number.
e.g. who has the most apples?
most
(adv.) very.
e.g. a most welcome relief
mother
(n.) a woman who has given birth to a child (also used as a term of address to your mother).
e.g. The mother of three children.
motion
(n.) a state of change.
e.g. They were in a state of steady motion.
motor
(n.) a nonspecific agent that imparts motion.
e.g. Happiness is the aim of all men and the motor of all action.
(s.) conveying information to the muscles from the CNS.
e.g. motor nerves
mount
(n.) a mounting consisting of a piece of metal (as in a ring or other jewelry) that holds a gem in place.
e.g. the diamond was in a plain gold mount
(v.) get on the back of.
e.g. mount a horse
mouse
(n.) a hand-operated electronic device that controls the coordinates of a cursor on your computer screen as you move it around on a pad; on the bottom of the device is a ball that rolls on the surface of the pad.
e.g. a mouse takes much more room than a trackball
mouth
(n.) a person conceived as a consumer of food.
e.g. He has four mouths to feed.
(v.) articulate silently; form words with the lips only. e.g. She mouthed a swear word
move
(n.) the act of changing your residence or place of business.
e.g. They say that three moves equal one fire.
(v.) live one's life in a specified environment.
e.g. She moves in certain circles only.
movement
(n.) a euphemism for defecation.
e.g. He had a bowel movement.
movie
(n.) a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement.
e.g. They went to a movie every Saturday night.
moving
(a.) used of a series of photographs presented so as to create the illusion of motion.
e.g. Her ambition was to be in moving pictures or the movies'
much
(a.) (quantifier used with mass nouns) great in quantity or degree or extent.
e.g. not much rain
(n.) a great amount or extent.
e.g. They did much for humanity.
(adv.) frequently or in great quantities.
e.g. I don't drink much
multiply
(adv.) in several ways; in a multiple manner.
e.g. They were multiply checked for errors
(v.) combine by multiplication.
e.g. multiply 10 by 15
mum
(n.) secrecy.
e.g. mum's the word
murder
(v.) kill intentionally and with premeditation.
e.g. The mafia boss ordered his enemies murdered
muscle
(n.) a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard.
e.g. The drug lord had his muscleman to protect him.
muscle
(v.) make one's way by force.
e.g. He muscled his way into the office
music
(n.) any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds.
e.g. He fell asleep to the music of the wind chimes.
musical
(a.) characterized by or capable of producing music. e.g. a musical evening
must
(n.) a necessary or essential thing.
e.g. seat belts are an absolute must
(s.) highly recommended.
e.g. a book that is must reading
mysterious
(s.) of an obscure nature.
e.g. the new insurance policy is written without cryptic or mysterious terms
mystery
(n.) something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained.
e.g. how it got out is a mystery
nail
(v.) succeed in obtaining a position.
e.g. He nailed down a spot at Harvard
naked
(s.) (of the eye or ear e.g.) without the aid of an optical or acoustical device or instrument.
e.g. visible to the naked eye
name
(n.) a person's reputation.
e.g. he wanted to protect his good name
(v.) charge with a function; charge to be.
e.g. She was named Head of the Committee
narrow
(a.) very limited in degree.
e.g. won by a narrow margin
(s.) limited in size or scope.
e.g. the narrow sense of a word
(v.) define clearly.
e.g. I cannot narrow down the rules for this game
nation
(n.) a federation of tribes (especially native American tribes). e.g. the Shawnee nation
national
(a.) characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation.
e.g. a national trait
(s.) owned or maintained for the public by the national government.
e.g. national parks
natural
(a.) (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone.
e.g. a natural scale
(n.) someone regarded as certain to succeed.
e.g. he's a natural for the job
(s.) unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct.
e.g. a cat's natural aversion to water
naturally
(adv.) through inherent nature.
e.g. he was naturally lazy
nature
(n.) a causal agent creating and controlling things in the universe.
e.g. the laws of nature
near
(a.) not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances.
e.g. near neighbors
near
(adv.) near in time or place or relationship.
e.g. as the wedding day drew near
(s.) being on the left side.
e.g. the near or nigh horse is the one on the left
nearby
(r.) not far away in relative terms.
e.g. she works nearby
(s.) close at hand.
e.g. the nearby towns
neat
(s.) showing care in execution.
e.g. neat homework
neatly
(adv.) with neatness.
e.g. She put the slippers under the bed neatly.
necessarily
(adv.) as a highly likely consequence.
e.g. We are necessarily bound for federalism in Europe.
necessary
(s.) unavoidably determined by prior circumstances.
e.g. the necessary consequences of one's actions
neck
(n.) the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body.
e.g. he admired her long graceful neck
need
(n.) a condition requiring relief.
e.g. she satisfied his need for affection
(v.) have or feel a need for.
e.g. always needing friends and money
needle
(v.) goad or provoke,as by constant criticism.
e.g. He needled her with his sarcastic remarks
negative
(a.) having a negative electric charge.
e.g. electrons are negative
(n.) a reply of denial.
e.g. he answered in the negative
(s.) less than zero.
e.g. a negative number
nervous
(a.) of or relating to the nervous system.
e.g. nervous disease
(s.) easily agitated.
e.g. quick nervous movements
nervously
(adv.) with nervous excitement.
e.g. our bodies jumped nervously away at the slightest touch
nest
(n.) a gang of people (criminals or spies or terrorists) assembled in one locality.
e.g. a nest of thieves
(v.) inhabit a nest, usually after building.
e.g. birds are nesting outside my window every Spring
net
(a.) remaining after all deductions.
e.g. net profit
(v.) yield as a net profit.
e.g. This sale netted me $1 million
network
(n.) an interconnected system of things or people.
e.g. he owned a network of shops
(v.) communicate with and within a group.
e.g. You have to network if you want to get a good job
never
(adv.) not at all; certainly not; not in any circumstances.
e.g. never fear
new
(a.) unaffected by use or exposure.
e.g. it looks like new
(adv.) very recently.
e.g. they are newly married
(s.) other than the former one(s); different.
e.g. They now have a new leaders.
newly
(adv.) very recently.
e.g. they are newly married
news
(n.) information reported in a newspaper or news magazine. e.g. the news of my death was greatly exaggerated
newspaper
(n.) cheap paper made from wood pulp and used for printing newspapers. e.g. they used bales of newspaper every day
next
(r.) at the time or occasion immediately following. e.g. next the doctor examined his back
(s.) (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving. e.g. our next president
nice
(a.) pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance.
e.g. what a nice fellow you are and we all thought you so nasty
(s.) done with delicacy and skill.
e.g. a nice bit of craft
nicely
(adv.) in a nice way.
e.g. a nicely painted house
night
(n.) a shortening of nightfall.
e.g. they worked from morning to night
no
(a.) quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of.
e.g. we have no bananas
(n.) a negative.
e.g. his no was loud and clear
(adv.) referring to the degree to which a certain quality is present.
e.g. he was no heavier than a child
noise
(n.) sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound).
e.g. he enjoyed the street noises
noisily
(adv.) with much noise or loud and unpleasant sound. e.g. he blew his nose noisily
noisy
(a.) full of or characterized by loud and nonmusical sounds.
e.g. a noisy cafeteria
(s.) attracting attention by showiness or bright colors. e.g. a noisy sweater
none
(adv.) not at all or in no way.
e.g. seemed none too pleased with his dinner
(s.) not any.
e.g. thou shalt have none other gods before me
nonsense
(s.) having no intelligible meaning.
e.g. nonsense syllables
normal
(a.) being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development.
e.g. a perfectly normal child
north
(a.) situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north.
e.g. artists like north light
(adv.) in a northern direction.
e.g. they earn more up north
northern
(a.) in or characteristic of a region of the United States north of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line.
e.g. Northern liberals
(s.) situated in or oriented toward the north.
e.g. the northern suburbs
nose
(n.) a small distance.
e.g. my horse lost the race by a nose
(v.) catch the scent of; get wind of.
e.g. The dog nosed out the drugs
not
(adv.) negation of a word or group of words.
e.g. He does not speak French.
note
(n.) a promise to pay a specified amount on demand or at a certain time.
e.g. I had to co-sign his note at the bank
(v.) observe with care or pay close attention to.
e.g. Take note of this chemical reaction
nothing
(n.) a quantity of no importance.
e.g. it looked like nothing I had ever seen before
(adv.) in no way; to no degree.
e.g. He looks nothing like his father.
notice
(n.) advance notification (usually written) of the intention to withdraw from an arrangement or contract.
e.g. We received a notice to vacate the premises.
noticeable
(a.) capable or worthy of being perceived.
e.g. noticeable shadows under her eyes
(s.) readily noticed.
e.g. a noticeable resemblance
novel
(n.) a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction.
e.g. His bookcases were filled with nothing but novels.
(s.) original and of a kind not seen before.
e.g. The computer produced a completely novel proof of a well-known theorem.
now
(n.) the momentary present.
e.g. Now is a good time to do it
(adv.) (prefatory or transitional) indicates a change of subject or activity.
e.g. Now the next problem is...
nowhere
(n.) an insignificant place.
e.g. He came out of nowhere.
(adv.) not anywhere; in or at or to no place.
e.g. I am going nowhere
nuclear
(a.) of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell.
e.g. nuclear membrane
(s.) constituting or like a nucleus.
e.g. annexation of the suburban fringe by the nuclear metropolis
number
(n.) a concept of quantity derived from zero and units.
e.g. every number has a unique position in the sequence
(v.) give numbers to.
e.g. You should number the pages of the thesis
nurse
(v.) treat carefully.
e.g. He nursed his injured back by lying in bed several hours every afternoon
object
(n.) (grammar) a constituent that is acted upon.
e.g. the object of the verb
(v.) be averse to or express disapproval of.
e.g. My wife objects to modern furniture
objective
(a.) serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes.
e.g. objective case
(s.) emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, or interpretation.
e.g. objective art
observation
(n.) facts learned by observing.
e.g. He reported his observations to the mayor.
observe
(v.) watch attentively.
e.g. Please observe the reaction of these two chemicals
obtain
(v.) come into possession of.
e.g. How did you obtain the visa?
obvious
(a.) easily perceived by the senses or grasped by the mind.
e.g. obvious errors
obviously
(adv.) unmistakably (plain' is often used informally for plainly').
e.g. the answer is obviously wrong
occasion
(n.) the time of a particular event.
e.g. on the occasion of his 60th birthday
occasionally
(r.) now and then or here and there.
e.g. he was arrogant and occasionally callous
occupied
(a.) seized and controlled as by military invasion.
e.g. the occupied countries of Europe
(s.) resided in; having tenants.
e.g. not all the occupied (or tenanted) apartments were well kept up
occur
(v.) to be found to exist.
e.g. sexism occurs in many workplaces
odd
(s.) an indefinite quantity more than that specified. e.g. invited 30-odd guests
off
(a.) (of events) no longer planned or scheduled.
e.g. the wedding is definitely off
(adv.) at a distance in space or time.
e.g. the boat was 5 miles off (or away)
(s.) below a satisfactory level.
e.g. an off year for tennis
offence
(n.) a feeling of anger caused by being offended.
e.g. he took offence at my question
offend
(v.) act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises.
e.g. offend all laws of humanity
offensive
(a.) for the purpose of attack rather than defense. e.g. offensive weapons
offer
(n.) the verbal act of offering.
e.g. a generous offer of assistance
(v.) present as an act of worship.
e.g. offer prayers to the gods
office
(n.) (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power.
e.g. being in office already gives a candidate a great advantage
officer
(n.) a member of a police force.
e.g. it was an accident, officer
official
(a.) of or relating to an office.
e.g. official privileges
(n.) someone who administers the rules of a game or sport.
e.g. the golfer asked for an official who could give him a ruling
(s.) verified officially.
e.g. the election returns are now official
officially
(r.) in an official role. e.g. officially, he is in charge
often
(r.) many times at short intervals. e.g. we often met over a cup of coffee
oil
(v.) cover with oil, as if by rubbing. e.g. oil the wooden surface
old
(a.) (used especially of persons) having lived for a relatively long time or attained a specific age.
e.g. an old man's eagle mind
(s.) (used for emphasis) very familiar.
e.g. good old boy
on
(a.) (of events) planned or scheduled.
e.g. the picnic is on, rain or shine
(adv.) in a state required for something to function or be effective.
e.g. turn the lights on
once
(adv.) as soon as.
e.g. once we are home, we can rest
one
(n.) the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number.
e.g. He has the one but will need a two and three to go with it.
(s.) of the same kind or quality.
e.g. two animals of one species
only
(r.) never except when.
e.g. call me only if your cold gets worse
open
(a.) used of mouth or eyes.
e.g. keep your eyes open
(n.) a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water.
e.g. finally broke out of the forest into the open
(s.) not defended or capable of being defended.
e.g. an open city
(v.) have an opening or passage or outlet.
e.g. The bedrooms open into the hall
opening
(a.) first or beginning.
e.g. the memorable opening bars of Beethoven's Fifth
(n.) opportunity especially for employment or promotion.
e.g. there is an opening in the sales department
openly
(adv.) in an open way.
e.g. he openly flaunted his affection for his sister
operate
(v.) handle and cause to function.
e.g. do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol
operation
(n.) the state of being in effect or being operative.
e.g. that rule is no longer in operation
opinion
(n.) a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof.
e.g. his opinions appeared frequently on the editorial page
opponent
(s.) characterized by active hostility.
e.g. opponent (or opposing) armies
opportunity
(n.) a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances.
e.g. the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington
oppose
(v.) fight against or resist strongly.

e.g. The senator said he would oppose the bill
opposed
(a.) being in opposition or having an opponent.
e.g. two bitterly opposed schools of thought
opposing
(s.) in opposition to (a policy or attitude etc.).
e.g. an opposing vote
opposite
(a.) of leaves etc; growing in pairs on either side of a stem.
e.g. opposite leaves
(s.) moving or facing away from each other.
e.g. looking in opposite directions
opposition
(n.) the major political party opposed to the party in office and prepared to replace it if elected.
e.g. Her Majesty's loyal opposition
option
(n.) one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen.
e.g. what option did I have?
order
(n.) a condition of regular or proper arrangement.
e.g. he put his desk in order
(v.) make a request for something.
e.g. Order me some flowers
ordinary
(a.) not exceptional in any way especially in quality or ability or size or degree.
e.g. ordinary everyday objects
(n.) the expected or commonplace condition or situation.
e.g. not out of the ordinary
organ
(n.) a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function.
e.g. The Census Bureau is an organ of the Commerce Department
organization
(n.) an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized.
e.g. his compulsive organization was not an endearing quality
organize
(v.) bring order and organization to.
e.g. Can you help me organize my files?
organized
(a.) methodical and efficient in arrangement or function.
e.g. how well organized she is
(s.) being a member of or formed into a labor union. e.g. organized labor
origin
(n.) properties attributable to your ancestry. e.g. he comes from good origins
original
(a.) being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being as first made or thought of.
e.g. a truly original approach
(s.) (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something intermediary.
e.g. his work is based on only original, not secondary, sources
other
(a.) not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied.
e.g. today isn't any other day
(s.) recently past.
e.g. the other evening
otherwise
(adv.) in other respects or ways.
e.g. he is otherwise normal
(s.) other than as supposed or expected.
e.g. the outcome was otherwise
out
(a.) not allowed to continue to bat or run.
e.g. he was tagged out at second on a close play
(n.) (baseball) a failure by a batter or runner to reach a base safely in baseball.
e.g. you only get 3 outs per inning
(adv.) from one's possession.
e.g. he gave out money to the poor
(s.) out of power; especially having been unsuccessful in an election.
e.g. now the Democrats are out
(v.) to state openly and publicly one's homosexuality. e.g. This actor outed last year
outdoor
(a.) pertaining to or concerning the outdoors or outdoor activities. e.g. outdoor education is the area of teacher training concerned with training for outdoor activities
outdoors
(n.) where the air is unconfined. e.g. he wanted to get outdoors a little
outer
(a.) being on the outside or further from a center.
e.g. spent hours adorning the outer man
(s.) located outside.
e.g. outer reality
outline
(v.) describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of.
e.g. sketch the outline of the book
output
(v.) to create or manufacture a specific amount.
e.g. the computer is outputting the data from the job I'm running
outside
(a.) relating to or being on or near the outer side or limit.
e.g. an outside margin
(adv.) on the outside.
e.g. outside, the box is black
(s.) very unlikely.
e.g. an outside chance
outstanding
(s.) distinguished from others in excellence.
e.g. did outstanding work in human relations
over
(r.) beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position.
e.g. a roof that hangs over
overall
(s.) including everything.
e.g. the overall cost
overcome
(v.) win a victory over.
e.g. You must overcome all difficulties
owe
(v.) be indebted to, in an abstract or intellectual sense.
e.g. This new theory owes much to Einstein's Relativity Theory
own
(s.) belonging to or on behalf of a specified person (especially yourself); preceded by a possessive.
e.g. for your own use
(v.) have ownership or possession of.
e.g. He owns three houses in Florida
owner
(n.) a person who owns something.
e.g. they are searching for the owner of the car
p.m.
(adv.) between noon and midnight.
e.g. let's meet at 8 P.M.
pace
(n.) the distance covered by a step.
e.g. he stepped off ten paces from the old tree and began to dig
(v.) go at a pace.
e.g. The horse paced
pack
(v.) set up a committee or legislative body with one's own supporters so as to influence the outcome. e.g. pack a jury
packaging
(n.) a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution.
e.g. the packaging of new ideas
pain
(n.) a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder.
e.g. the patient developed severe pain and distension
(v.) cause emotional anguish or make miserable.
e.g. It pains me to see my children not being taught well in school
painful
(a.) causing physical or psychological pain.
e.g. worked with painful slowness
(s.) causing physical discomfort.
e.g. bites of black flies are more than irritating; go they can be very painful
paint
(v.) make a painting.
e.g. he painted all day in the garden
painting
(n.) graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface.
e.g. a small painting by Picasso
pair
(v.) form a pair or pairs.
e.g. The two old friends paired off
palace
(n.) the governing group of a kingdom.
e.g. the palace issued an order binding on all subjects
pale
(s.) (of light) lacking in intensity or brightness; dim or feeble.
e.g. the pale light of a half moon
pan
(v.) make a sweeping movement.
e.g. The camera panned across the room
panel
(n.) electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices.
e.g. he checked the instrument panel
(v.) decorate with panels.
e.g. panel the walls with wood
paper
(n.) a business firm that publishes newspapers.
e.g. Murdoch owns many newspapers
paper
(v.) cover with paper.
e.g. paper the box
parallel
(a.) being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting.
e.g. parallel lines never converge
(s.) of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations.
e.g. parallel processing
(v.) be parallel to.
e.g. Their roles are paralleled by ours
park
(v.) maneuver a vehicle into a parking space.
e.g. Park the car in front of the library
part
(n.) something determined in relation to something that includes it.
e.g. He wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself.
(adv.) in part; in some degree; not wholly. e.g. I felt partly to blame
(v.) discontinue an association or relation; go different ways.
e.g. The business partners broke over a tax question
particular
(n.) a fact about some part (as opposed to general). e.g. he always reasons from the particular to the general
(s.) separate and distinct from others of the same group or category.
e.g. interested in one particular artist
particularly
(adv.) specifically or especially distinguished from others. e.g. loves Bach, particularly his partitas
partly
(adv.) in part; in some degree; not wholly.
e.g. I felt partly to blame
partner
(v.) act as a partner.
e.g. Astaire partnered Rogers
partnership
(n.) a cooperative relationship between people or groups who agree to share responsibility for achieving some specific goal.
e.g. effective language learning is a partnership between school, teacher and student
party
(n.) a person involved in legal proceedings.
e.g. the party of the first part
(v.) have or participate in a party.
e.g. The students were partying all night before the exam
pass
(n.) (military) a written leave of absence.
e.g. he had a pass for three days
(v.) be identified, regarded, accepted, or mistaken for someone or something else; as by denying one's own ancestry or background.
e.g. He could pass as his twin brother
passage
(n.) a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass.
e.g. the nasal passages
passing
(a.) of advancing the ball by throwing it.
e.g. a team with a good passing attack
(n.) euphemistic expressions for death.
e.g. thousands mourned his passing
(s.) allowing you to pass (e.g., an examination or inspection) satisfactorily.
e.g. a passing grade
past
(a.) a verb tense or other construction referring to events or states that existed at some previous time. e.g. past participle
(n.) a earlier period in someone's life (especially one that they have reason to keep secret).
e.g. reporters dug into the candidate's past
(adv.) so as to pass a given point.
e.g. every hour a train goes past
path
(n.) a line or route along which something travels or moves.
e.g. the hurricane demolished houses in its path
patient
(a.) enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance.
e.g. a patient smile
(n.) a person who requires medical care.
e.g. the number of emergency patients has grown rapidly
pattern
(n.) the path that is prescribed for an airplane that is preparing to land at an airport.
e.g. the traffic patterns around O'Hare are very crowded
(v.) form a pattern.
e.g. These sentences pattern like the ones we studied before
pause
(v.) interrupt temporarily an activity before continuing. e.g. The speaker paused
pay
(v.) be worth it.
e.g. It pays to go through the trouble
peace
(n.) the general security of public places.
e.g. he was arrested for disturbing the peace
peaceful
(a.) not disturbed by strife or turmoil or war.
e.g. a peaceful nation
(s.) (of groups) not violent or disorderly.
e.g. the right of peaceful assembly
peak
(a.) of a period of maximal use or demand or activity.
e.g. at peak hours the streets traffic is unbelievable
(n.) the most extreme possible amount or value.
e.g. voltage peak
(v.) to reach the highest point; attain maximum intensity, activity.
e.g. That wild, speculative spirit peaked in 1929
pencil
(n.) graphite (or a similar substance) used in such a way as to be a medium of communication.
e.g. the words were scribbled in pencil
(v.) write, draw, or trace with a pencil.
e.g. he penciled a figure
people
(n.) the body of citizens of a state or country.
e.g. the Spanish people
(v.) fill with people or supply with inhabitants.
e.g. people a room
pepper
(v.) add pepper to.
e.g. pepper the soup
perfect
(a.) being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish.
e.g. a perfect circle
(s.) precisely accurate or exact.
e.g. perfect timing
(v.) make perfect or complete.
e.g. perfect your French in Paris!
perfectly
(adv.) in a perfect or faultless way.
e.g. She performed perfectly on the balance beam
perform
(v.) perform a function.
e.g. Who will perform the wedding?
performance
(n.) a dramatic or musical entertainment.
e.g. they listened to ten different performances
perhaps
(adv.) by chance.
e.g. perhaps she will call tomorrow
period
(n.) a stage in the history of a culture having a definable place in space and time.
e.g. a novel from the Victorian period
permanent
(a.) continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place.
e.g. permanent secretary to the president
(s.) not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition.
e.g. permanent brain damage
permanently
(r.) for a long time without essential change.
e.g. he is permanently disabled
permission
(n.) approval to do something.
e.g. he asked permission to leave
permit
(v.) make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen.
e.g. This permits the water to rush in
person
(n.) a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms.
e.g. stop talking about yourself in the third person
personal
(a.) of or arising from personality.
e.g. personal magnetism
(s.) intimately concerning a person's body or physical being.
e.g. personal hygiene
personality
(n.) a person of considerable prominence.
e.g. she is a Hollywood personality
personally
(adv.) as yourself.
e.g. speaking personally, I would not want to go
persuade
(v.) cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action; twist somebody's arm.
e.g. You can't persuade me to buy this ugly vase!
pet
(v.) stroke or caress gently.
e.g. pet the lamb
phase
(n.) (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary.
e.g. the reaction occurs in the liquid phase of the system
(v.) arrange in phases or stages.
e.g. phase a withdrawal
philosophy
(n.) any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation.
e.g. self-indulgence was his only philosophy
phone
(n.) electronic equipment that converts sound into electrical signals that can be transmitted over distances and then converts received signals back into sounds.
e.g. I talked to him on the telephone
photograph
(v.) undergo being photographed in a certain way.
e.g. Children photograph well
phrase
(v.) divide, combine, or mark into phrases.
e.g. phrase a musical passage
physical
(a.) relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics.
e.g. physical sciences
(s.) according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter).
e.g. a reflex response to physical stimuli
physically
(adv.) in accord with physical laws.
e.g. it is physically impossible
piano
(a.) used chiefly as a direction or description in music. e.g. the piano passages in the composition
pick
(n.) the quantity of a crop that is harvested.
e.g. he sent the first picking of berries to the market
(v.) pilfer or rob.
e.g. pick pockets
picture
(n.) a situation treated as an observable object.
e.g. the political picture is favorable
piece
(n.) a serving that has been cut from a larger portion.
e.g. a piece of pie
(v.) create by putting components or members together. e.g. She pieced a quilt
pile
(n.) the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up from the weave.
e.g. for uniform color and texture tailors cut velvet with the pile running the same direction
(v.) place or lay as if in a pile.
e.g. The teacher piled work on the students until the parents protested
pill
(n.) something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured.
e.g. his competitor's success was a bitter pill to take
pin
(v.) pierce with a pin.
e.g. pin down the butterfly
pipe
(v.) transport by pipeline.
e.g. pipe oil, water, and gas into the desert
pitch
(n.) a vendor's position (especially on the sidewalk). e.g. he was employed to see that his paper's news pitches were not trespassed upon by rival vendors
(v.) fall or plunge forward.
e.g. She pitched over the railing of the balcony
pity
(n.) a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others.
e.g. the blind are too often objects of pity
place
(n.) proper or appropriate position or location.
e.g. a woman's place is no longer in the kitchen
(v.) place somebody in a particular situation or location.
e.g. he was placed on probation
plain
(a.) not elaborate or elaborated; simple.
e.g. plain food
(n.) extensive tract of level open land.
e.g. they emerged from the woods onto a vast open plain
(s.) not mixed with extraneous elements.
e.g. plain water
(v.) express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness.
e.g. My mother complains all day
plan
(n.) a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished. e.g. they drew up a six-step plan
(v.) have the will and intention to carry out some action. e.g. He plans to be in graduate school next year
plane
(n.) a level of existence or development.
e.g. he lived on a worldly plane
(v.) make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter's plane.
e.g. plane the top of the door
planning
(n.) the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening.
e.g. his planning for retirement was hindered by several uncertainties
plant
(n.) something planted secretly for discovery by another.
e.g. the police used a plant to trick the thieves
(v.) place into a river.
e.g. plant fish
plastic
(s.) capable of being influenced or formed.
e.g. the plastic minds of children
plate
(n.) a main course served on a plate.
e.g. a vegetable plate
(v.) coat with a layer of metal.
e.g. plate spoons with silver
platform
(n.) a document stating the aims and principles of a political party.
e.g. their candidate simply ignored the party platform
play
(n.) (in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds.
e.g. rain stopped play in the 4th inning
(v.) be received or accepted or interpreted in a specific way.
e.g. This speech didn't play well with the American public
player
(n.) an important participant (as in a business deal).
e.g. he was a major player in setting up the corporation
pleasant
(a.) affording pleasure; being in harmony with your taste or likings.
e.g. a pleasant person to be around
(s.) pleasant in manner or behavior.
e.g. I didnt enjoy it and probably wasn't a pleasant person to be around
pleasantly
(adv.) in a cheerful manner.
e.g. I'll do the dishes,' he said pleasantly
please
(adv.) used in polite request.
e.g. please pay attention
(v.) be the will of or have the will (to).
e.g. he could do many things if he pleased
pleasing
(a.) giving pleasure and satisfaction.
e.g. a pleasing piece of news
pleasure
(n.) a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience.
e.g. he was tingling with pleasure
plenty
(n.) a full supply.
e.g. there was plenty of food for everyone
plot
(n.) a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation.
e.g. a bean plot
(v.) plan secretly, usually something illegal. e.g. They plotted the overthrow of the government
plug
(v.) fill or close tightly with or as if with a plug. e.g. plug the hole
plus
(a.) on the positive side or higher end of a scale.
e.g. a plus value
(s.) involving advantage or good.
e.g. a plus (or positive) factor
pocket
(n.) an enclosed space.
e.g. the trapped miners found a pocket of air
(v.) put in one's pocket.
e.g. He pocketed the change
point
(n.) an instant of time.
e.g. at that point I had to leave
(v.) be oriented.
e.g. The weather vane points North
pointed
(s.) direct and obvious in meaning or reference; often unpleasant.
e.g. a pointed critique
poison
(n.) anything that harms or destroys.
e.g. the poison of fascism
(v.) spoil as if by poison.
e.g. poison someone's mind
poisonous
(s.) marked by deep ill will; deliberately harmful.
e.g. poisonous hate
pole
(n.) one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions. e.g. they are at opposite poles
(v.) propel with a pole.
e.g. pole barges on the river
policy
(n.) a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government.
e.g. they debated the policy or impolicy of the proposed legislation
polish
(a.) of or relating to Poland or its people or culture.
e.g. Polish sausage
(n.) a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality.
e.g. they performed with great polish
(v.) bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state. e.g. polish your social manners
politely
(adv.) in a polite manner. e.g. the policeman answered politely, Now look here, lady...'
political
(a.) of or relating to the profession of governing.
e.g. political career
politically
(adv.) with regard to social relationships involving authority. e.g. politically correct clothing
pool
(n.) any communal combination of funds.
e.g. everyone contributed to the pool
(v.) combine into a common fund.
e.g. We pooled resources
poor
(a.) characterized by or indicating poverty.
e.g. the country had a poor economy
(n.) people without possessions or wealth (considered as a group).
e.g. the urban poor need assistance
(s.) unsatisfactory.
e.g. a poor light for reading
pop
(adv.) like a pop or with a pop.
e.g. everything went pop
(v.) cause to make a sharp explosive sound.
e.g. He popped the champagne bottle
popular
(a.) regarded with great favor, approval, or affection especially by the general public.
e.g. a popular tourist attraction
(s.) carried on by or for the people (or citizens) at large. e.g. the popular vote
population
(n.) the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.).
e.g. people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade
port
(v.) put or turn on the left side, of a ship.
e.g. port the helm
pose
(v.) introduce.
e.g. This poses an interesting question
position
(n.) a condition or position in which you find yourself.
e.g. the unpleasant situation (or position) of having to choose between two evils
positive
(a.) having a positive electric charge.
e.g. protons are positive
(s.) greater than zero.
e.g. positive numbers
possess
(v.) enter into and control, as of emotions or ideas.
e.g. What possessed you to buy this house?
possession
(n.) (sport) the act of controlling the ball (or puck).
e.g. they took possession of the ball on their own goal line
possibility
(n.) capability of existing or happening or being true.
e.g. there is a possibility that his sense of smell has been impaired
possible
(a.) capable of happening or existing.
e.g. a breakthrough may be possible next year
(n.) something that can be done.
e.g. politics is the art of the possible
(s.) capable of being imagined.
e.g. that is one possible answer
possibly
(adv.) with a possibility of becoming actual. e.g. introducing possibly dangerous innovations
post
(n.) the position where someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand.
e.g. a soldier manned the entrance post
(v.) assign to a post; put into a post.
e.g. The newspaper posted him in Timbuktu
pot
(v.) plant in a pot.
e.g. He potted the palm
potential
(a.) existing in possibility.
e.g. a potential problem
(s.) expected to become or be; in prospect.
e.g. potential clients
pound
(n.) 16 ounces.
e.g. he got a hernia when he tried to lift 100 pounds
(v.) partition off into compartments.
e.g. The locks pound the water of the canal
pour
(v.) rain heavily.
e.g. Put on your rain coat-- it's pouring outside!
powder
(v.) apply powder to.
e.g. She powdered her nose
power
(n.) one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority.
e.g. the mysterious presence of an evil power
(v.) supply the force or power for the functioning of.
e.g. The gasoline powers the engines
powerful
(a.) having great power or force or potency or effect.
e.g. the most powerful government in western Europe
practical
(a.) concerned with actual use or practice.
e.g. he is a very practical person
(s.) being actually such in almost every respect.
e.g. a practical failure
practically
(adv.) almost; nearly.
e.g. practically the first thing I saw when I got off the train
practice
(n.) knowledge of how something is usually done.
e.g. it is not the local practice to wear shorts to dinner
(v.) carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions.
e.g. practice law
praise
(n.) offering words of homage as an act of worship.
e.g. they sang a hymn of praise to God
(v.) express approval of.
e.g. The parents praised their children for their academic performance
prayer
(n.) the act of communicating with a deity (especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving).
e.g. the priest sank to his knees in prayer
precise
(a.) sharply exact or accurate or delimited.
e.g. a precise mind
(s.) (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct.
e.g. a precise image
precisely
(adv.) just as it should be.
e.g. Precisely, my lord,' he said
prefer
(v.) like better; value more highly.
e.g. Some people prefer camping to staying in hotels
preference
(n.) a strong liking.
e.g. my own preference is for good literature
premises
(n.) land and the buildings on it.
e.g. bread is baked on the premises
preparation
(n.) (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord.
e.g. the resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another dissonance
prepare
(v.) lead up to and soften by sounding the dissonant note in it as a consonant note in the preceding chord.
e.g. prepare the discord in bar 139
prepared
(a.) made ready or fit or suitable beforehand.
e.g. a prepared statement
(s.) having made preparations.
e.g. prepared to take risks
presence
(n.) the state of being present; current existence.
e.g. he tested for the presence of radon
present
(a.) spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place. e.g. the murderer is present in this room
(n.) the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech.
e.g. that is enough for the present
(v.) deliver (a speech, oration, or idea).
e.g. The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students
presentation
(n.) the act of making something publicly available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it.
e.g. He prepared his presentation carefully in advance
preserve
(n.) a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone.
e.g. medicine is no longer a male preserve
(v.) keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing.
e.g. preserve the forest and the lakes
president
(n.) the person who holds the office of head of state of the United States government.
e.g. the President likes to jog every morning
press
(n.) the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure.
e.g. He gave the button a press
pressing
(v.) be urgent.
e.g. This is a pressing problem
pressure
(n.) the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit).
e.g. the compressed gas exerts an increased pressure
presumably
(r.) by reasonable assumption.
e.g. presumably, he missed the train
pretend
(n.) the enactment of a pretense.
e.g. it was just pretend
(v.) put forward a claim and assert right or possession of.
e.g. pretend the title of King
pretty
(adv.) used as an intensifier (jolly' is used informally in Britain).
e.g. pretty big
(s.) (used ironically) unexpectedly bad.
e.g. a pretty mess
prevent
(v.) prevent from doing something or being in a certain state.
e.g. We must prevent the cancer from spreading
previous
(s.) too soon or too hasty.
e.g. our condemnation of him was a bit previous
previously
(r.) at an earlier time or formerly.
e.g. she had previously lived in Chicago
price
(n.) cost of bribing someone.
e.g. they say that every politician has a price
(v.) determine the price of.
e.g. The grocer priced his wares high
pride
(n.) satisfaction with your (or another's) achievements.
e.g. he takes pride in his son's success
(v.) be proud of.
e.g. He prides himself on making it into law school
primarily
(adv.) of primary import.
e.g. this is primarily a question of economics
primary
(a.) of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand.
e.g. primary goals
(n.) coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit.
e.g. current through the primary coil induces current in the secondary coil
(s.) not derived from or reducible to something else; basic.
e.g. a primary instinct
prime
(a.) of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored into other integers.
e.g. prime number
(s.) being at the best stage of development.
e.g. our manhood's prime vigor
(v.) fill with priming liquid.
e.g. prime a car engine
principle
(n.) a rule or standard especially of good behavior.
e.g. a man of principle
print
(v.) make into a print.
e.g. print the negative
printing
(n.) all the copies of a work printed at one time.
e.g. they ran off an initial printing of 2000 copies
private
(a.) confined to particular persons or groups or providing privacy.
e.g. a private place
(n.) an enlisted man of the lowest rank.
e.g. our prisoner was just a private and knew nothing of value
(s.) concerning things deeply private and personal.
e.g. private correspondence
privately
(adv.) by a private person or interest.
e.g. a privately financed campaign
prize
(n.) something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery.
e.g. the prize was a free trip to Europe
(v.) hold dear.
e.g. I prize these old photographs
probable
(s.) apparently destined.
e.g. the probable consequences of going ahead with the scheme
probably
(adv.) with considerable certainty; without much doubt.
e.g. He is probably out of the country
problem
(n.) a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved.
e.g. she and her husband are having problems
procedure
(n.) a particular course of action intended to achieve a result.
e.g. the procedure of obtaining a driver's license
proceed
(v.) move ahead; travel onward in time or space.
e.g. We proceeded towards Washington
process
(n.) a mental process that you are not directly aware of.
e.g. the process of denial
(v.) institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against.
e.g. He was warned that the district attorney would process him
produce
(v.) bring onto the market or release.
e.g. produce a movie
producer
(n.) something that produces.
e.g. Maine is a leading producer of potatoes
product
(n.) a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
e.g. a product of lime and nitric acid
production
(n.) the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time).
e.g. production was up in the second quarter
profession
(n.) an open avowal (true or false) of some belief or opinion.
e.g. a profession of disagreement
professional
(a.) of or relating to or suitable as a profession.
e.g. professional organizations
(s.) engaged in by members of a profession.
e.g. professional occupations include medicine and the law and teaching
profit
(v.) derive a benefit from.
e.g. She profited from his vast experience
program
(n.) an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event.
e.g. you can't tell the players without a program
(v.) arrange a program of or for.
e.g. program the 80th birthday party
progress
(n.) a movement forward.
e.g. he listened for the progress of the troops
(v.) develop in a positive way.
e.g. He progressed well in school
project
(v.) cause to be heard.
e.g. His voice projects well
promise
(n.) grounds for feeling hopeful about the future.
e.g. there is little or no promise that he will recover
(v.) promise to undertake or give.
e.g. I promise you my best effort
prompt
(n.) a cue given to a performer (usually the beginning of the next line to be spoken). e.g. the audience could hear his prompting
prompt
(s.) quick in apprehending or reacting.
e.g. a prompt (or ready) response
(v.) serve as the inciting cause of.
e.g. She prompted me to call my relatives
promptly
(adv.) with little or no delay.
e.g. the rescue squad arrived promptly
pronounce
(v.) speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way.
e.g. She pronounces French words in a funny way
pronunciation
(n.) the manner in which someone utters a word.
e.g. they are always correcting my pronunciation
proof
(n.) any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something.
e.g. if you have any proof for what you say, now is the time to produce it
(s.) (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand. e.g. temptation-proof
(v.) knead to reach proper lightness.
e.g. proof dough
proper
(a.) marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness. e.g. proper medical treatment
(s.) having all the qualities typical of the thing specified. e.g. wanted a proper dinner; go not just a snack
properly
(adv.) in the right manner.
e.g. please do your job properly!
property
(n.) something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone.
e.g. that hat is my property
proportion
(n.) magnitude or extent.
e.g. a building of vast proportions
proposal
(n.) the act of making a proposal.
e.g. they listened to her proposal
prospect
(n.) the possibility of future success.
e.g. his prospects as a writer are excellent
(v.) search for something desirable.
e.g. prospect a job
protect
(v.) shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage. e.g. Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain
protection
(n.) the condition of being protected.
e.g. they were huddled together for protection
protest
(n.) the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval.
e.g. he shouted his protests at the umpire
(v.) affirm or avow formally or solemnly.
e.g. The suspect protested his innocence
proud
(a.) feeling self-respect or pleasure in something by which you measure your self-worth; or being a reason for pride. e.g. proud parents
proudly
(adv.) in a proud manner.
e.g. he walked proudly into town
prove
(v.) be shown or be found to be.
e.g. She proved to be right
provide
(v.) provide or furnish with.
e.g. We provided the room with an electrical heater
public
(a.) not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole.
e.g. the public good
(n.) people in general considered as a whole.
e.g. he is a hero in the eyes of the public
publicity
(n.) the quality of being open to public view.
e.g. the publicity of the court room
publicly
(adv.) by the public or the people generally.
e.g. publicly provided medical care
publish
(v.) put into print.
e.g. The newspaper published the news of the royal couple's divorce
pull
(n.) the force used in pulling.
e.g. the pull of the moon
(v.) cause to move in a certain direction by exerting a force upon, either physically or in an abstract sense.
e.g. A declining dollar pulled down the export figures for the last quarter
punch
(v.) drive forcibly as if by a punch.
e.g. the nail punched through the wall
purchase
(n.) a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage.
e.g. he could get no purchase on the situation
purchase
(v.) obtain by purchase; acquire by means of a financial transaction.
e.g. The family purchased a new car
pure
(a.) free of extraneous elements of any kind.
e.g. pure air and water
(s.) concerned with theory and data rather than practice; opposed to applied.
e.g. pure science
purple
(n.) of imperial status.
e.g. he was born to the purple
(s.) excessively elaborate or showily expressed.
e.g. a writer of empurpled literature
pursue
(v.) carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in. e.g. She pursued many activities
push
(n.) the force used in pushing.
e.g. the push of the water on the walls of the tank
(v.) exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for.
e.g. The liberal party pushed for reforms
put
(v.) make an investment.
e.g. Put money into bonds
qualification
(n.) an attribute that must be met or complied with and that fits a person for something.
e.g. her qualifications for the job are excellent
qualified
(a.) limited or restricted; not absolute.
e.g. gave only qualified approval
qualify
(v.) make more specific.
e.g. qualify these remarks
quality
(n.) high social status.
e.g. a man of quality
(s.) of high social status.
e.g. people of quality
quantity
(n.) an adequate or large amount. e.g. he had a quantity of ammunition
quarter
(n.) one of four periods of play into which some games are divided.
e.g. both teams scored in the first quarter
(v.) pull (a person) apart with four horses tied to his extremities, so as to execute him.
e.g. in the old days, people were drawn and quartered for certain crimes
queen
(n.) something personified as a woman who is considered the best or most important of her kind.
e.g. Paris is the queen of cities
(v.) become a queen.
e.g. her pawn queened
question
(n.) a sentence of inquiry that asks for a reply.
e.g. he asked a direct question
(v.) challenge the accuracy, probity, or propriety of.
e.g. We must question your judgment in this matter
quick
(s.) apprehending and responding with speed and sensitivity.
e.g. a quick mind
quickly
(adv.) with rapid movements.
e.g. he works quickly
quiet
(a.) characterized by an absence or near absence of agitation or activity.
e.g. a quiet life
(adv.) with little or no activity or no agitation (quiet' is a nonstandard variant for quietly').
e.g. her hands rested quietly in her lap
(s.) not showy or obtrusive.
e.g. clothes in quiet good taste
(v.) make calm or still.
e.g. quiet the dragons of worry and fear
quietly
(adv.) with little or no activity or no agitation (quiet' is a nonstandard variant for quietly').
e.g. her hands rested quietly in her lap
quit
(v.) put an end to a state or an activity.
e.g. Quit teasing your little brother
quite
(r.) actually or truly or to an extreme.
e.g. was quite a sudden change
quote
(v.) name the price of.
e.g. quote prices for cars
race
(n.) people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock.
e.g. some biologists doubt that there are important genetic differences between races of human beings
(v.) cause to move fast or to rush or race.
e.g. The psychologist raced the rats through a long maze
radio
(a.) indicating radiation or radioactivity.
e.g. radiochemistry
(v.) transmit messages via radio waves.
e.g. he radioed for help
rail
(n.) short for railway.
e.g. he traveled by rail
(v.) enclose with rails.
e.g. rail in the old graves
rain
(n.) anything happening rapidly or in quick successive. e.g. a rain of bullets
(v.) precipitate as rain.
e.g. If it rains much more, we can expect some flooding
raise
(n.) the amount a salary is increased.
e.g. he got a 3% raise
(v.) bring up.
e.g. raise a family
range
(n.) the limits of the values a function can take.
e.g. the range of this function is the interval from 0 to 1
(v.) have a range; be capable of projecting over a certain distance, as of a gun.
e.g. This gun ranges over two miles
rank
(n.) relative status.
e.g. his salary was determined by his rank and seniority
(s.) very offensive in smell or taste.
e.g. a rank cigar
(v.) take or have a position relative to others.
e.g. This painting ranks among the best in the Western World
rapid
(s.) characterized by speed; moving with or capable of moving with high speed.
e.g. a rapid movement
rare
(s.) having low density.
e.g. rare gasses
rarely
(adv.) not often.
e.g. we rarely met
rate
(n.) a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit.
e.g. they traveled at a rate of 55 miles per hour
(v.) be worthy of or have a certain rating.
e.g. This bond rates highly
rather
(adv.) on the contrary.
e.g. rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left
raw
(n.) informal terms for nakedness.
e.g. in the raw
(s.) not processed or refined.
e.g. raw sewage
reach
(v.) to extend as far as.
e.g. The sunlight reached the wall
react
(v.) act against or in opposition to.
e.g. She reacts negatively to everything I say
reaction
(n.) (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others.
e.g. there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water
read
(n.) something that is read.
e.g. the article was a very good read
(v.) have or contain a certain wording or form.
e.g. The passage reads as follows
reading
(n.) a particular interpretation or performance.
e.g. on that reading it was an insult
ready
(a.) completely prepared or in condition for immediate action or use or progress.
e.g. get ready
(n.) poised for action.
e.g. their guns were at the ready
(s.) mentally disposed.
e.g. he was ready to believe her
(v.) make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc.
e.g. Get the children ready for school!
real
(a.) being value measured in terms of purchasing power. e.g. real prices
(s.) (of property) fixed or immovable.
e.g. real property consists of land and buildings
realistic
(a.) of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of realism. e.g. a realistic system of thought
(s.) representing what is real; not abstract or ideal.
e.g. realistic portraiture
reality
(n.) the state of being actual or real.
e.g. the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him
rear
(n.) the side of an object that is opposite its front.
e.g. his room was toward the rear of the hotel
(s.) located in or toward the back or rear.
e.g. the chair's rear legs
(v.) stand up on the hind legs, of quadrupeds.
e.g. The horse reared in terror
reason
(n.) a rational motive for a belief or action.
e.g. the reason that war was declared
(v.) decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion. e.g. We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house
reasonably
(r.) to a moderately sufficient extent or degree.
e.g. the shoes are priced reasonably
recall
(n.) a call to return.
e.g. the recall of our ambassador
(v.) make unavailable; bar from sale or distribution.
e.g. The company recalled the product when it was found to be faulty
receive
(v.) get something; come into possession of.
e.g. receive payment
recent
(s.) being new in a time not long past.
e.g. recent graduates
recently
(r.) in the recent past.
e.g. he was in Paris recently
reception
(n.) the manner in which something is greeted.
e.g. she did not expect the cold reception she received from her superiors
reckon
(v.) take account of.
e.g. You have to reckon with our opponents
recognition
(n.) the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged.
e.g. the partners were delighted with the recognition of their work
recognize
(v.) show approval or appreciation of.
e.g. My work is not recognized by anybody!
recommend
(v.) push for something.
e.g. The travel agent recommended strongly that we not travel on Thanksgiving Day
record
(n.) the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had.
e.g. at 9-0 they have the best record in their league
(v.) register electronically.
e.g. They recorded her singing
recording
(n.) the act of making a record (especially an audio record).
e.g. she watched the recording from a sound-proof booth
recover
(v.) cover anew.
e.g. recover a chair
red
(s.) red with or characterized by blood.
e.g. waving our red weapons o'er our heads
reduce
(v.) bring to humbler or weaker state or condition.
e.g. He reduced the population to slavery
refer
(v.) have to do with or be relevant to.
e.g. There were lots of questions referring to her talk
reference
(n.) a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to.
e.g. he carried an armful of references back to his desk
(v.) refer to.
e.g. he referenced his colleagues' work
reflect
(v.) be bright by reflecting or casting light.
e.g. Drive carefully--the wet road reflects
reform
(n.) a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices.
e.g. the reforms he proposed were too radical for the politicians
(v.) bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one.
e.g. The Church reformed me
refuse
(v.) refuse to accept.
e.g. He refused my offer of hospitality
regard
(n.) a feeling of friendship and esteem.
e.g. she mistook his manly regard for love
region
(n.) the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in in the region of').
e.g. it was going to take in the region of two or three months to finish the job
regional
(a.) characteristic of a region.
e.g. regional flora
(s.) related or limited to a particular region.
e.g. a regional dialect
register
(v.) enroll to vote.
e.g. register for an election
regret
(v.) decline formally or politely.
e.g. I regret I can't come to the party
regular
(a.) (used of the military) belonging to or engaged in by legitimate army forces.
e.g. the regular army
(n.) a dependable follower (especially in party politics).
e.g. he is one of the party regulars
(s.) often used as intensifiers.
e.g. a regular morass of details
regularly
(r.) having a regular form.
e.g. regularly shaped objects
regulation
(n.) the act of controlling or directing according to rule.
e.g. fiscal regulations are in the hands of politicians.
(s.) often used as intensifiers.
e.g. a regular morass of details
reject
(v.) resist immunologically the introduction of some foreign tissue or organ.
e.g. His body rejected the liver of the donor
relate
(v.) be in a relationship with.
e.g. How are these two observations related?
related
(a.) being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics.
e.g. painting and the related arts
relation
(n.) an act of narration.
e.g. he was the hero according to his own relation
relationship
(n.) a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection).
e.g. he didn't want his wife to know of the relationship
relative
(a.) not absolute or complete.
e.g. a relative stranger
(n.) a person related by blood or marriage.
e.g. police are searching for relatives of the deceased
relatively
(adv.) in a relative manner; by comparison to something else.
e.g. the situation is relatively calm now
relax
(v.) become less tense, less formal, or less restrained, and assume a friendlier manner.
e.g. our new colleague relaxed when he saw that we were a friendly group
relaxed
(a.) without strain or anxiety.
e.g. gave the impression of being quite relaxed
(s.) made less tense or rigid.
e.g. his relaxed muscles
relaxing
(s.) affording or marked by rest or repose.
e.g. the time spent was pleasant and relaxing
release
(n.) a process that liberates or discharges something. e.g. there was a sudden release of oxygen
(v.) make (information) available publication.
e.g. release the list with the names of the prisoners
relevant
(a.) having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue.
e.g. the scientist corresponds with colleagues in order to learn about matters relevant to her own research
relief
(n.) the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress).
e.g. he enjoyed his relief from responsibility
religion
(n.) an institution to express belief in a divine power.
e.g. he was raised in the Baptist religion
religious
(a.) having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity. e.g. a religious man
(s.) extremely scrupulous and conscientious.
e.g. religious in observing the rules of health
remain
(v.) be left; of persons, questions, problems, results, evidence, etc..
e.g. There remains the question of who pulled the trigger
remains
(n.) any object that is left unused or still extant.
e.g. I threw out the remains of my dinner
remark
(n.) explicit notice.
e.g. it passed without remark
remarkable
(s.) unusual or striking.
e.g. a remarkable sight
remember
(v.) show appreciation to.
e.g. He remembered her in his will
remind
(v.) put in the mind of someone.
e.g. Remind me to call Mother
remote
(n.) a device that can be used to control a machine or apparatus from a distance.
e.g. he lost the remote for his TV
(s.) far apart in nature.
e.g. considerations entirely removed (or remote) from politics
removal
(n.) the act of removing.
e.g. he had surgery for the removal of a malignancy
remove
(n.) degree of figurative distance or separation.
e.g. just one remove from madness
(v.) shift the position or location of, as for business, legal, educational, or military purposes.
e.g. He removed his children to the countryside
rent
(v.) let for money.
e.g. We rented our apartment to friends while we were abroad
repair
(n.) a formal way of referring to the condition of something.
e.g. the building was in good repair
(v.) make amends for; pay compensation for.
e.g. One can never fully repair the suffering and losses of the Jews in the Third Reich
repeat
(n.) an event that repeats. e.g. the events today were a repeat of yesterday's
repeatedly
(adv.) several time. e.g. it must be washed repeatedly
replace
(v.) take the place or move into the position of.
e.g. Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left
reply
(n.) the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange.
e.g. he growled his reply
report
(n.) a sharp explosive sound (especially the sound of a gun firing).
e.g. they heard a violent report followed by silence
(v.) be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism.
e.g. Snow reported on China in the 1950's
represent
(v.) be the defense counsel for someone in a trial.
e.g. Ms. Smith will represent the defendant
representative
(a.) standing for something else.
e.g. the bald eagle is representative of the United States
(s.) serving to represent or typify.
e.g. representative moviegoers
reproduce
(v.) recreate an idea, mood, atmosphere, etc. as by artistic means.
e.g. He reproduced the feeling of sadness in the portrait
reputation
(n.) notoriety for some particular characteristic.
e.g. his reputation for promiscuity
request
(v.) inquire for (information).
e.g. I requested information from the secretary
require
(v.) consider obligatory; request and expect.
e.g. We require our secretary to be on time
requirement
(n.) required activity.
e.g. the requirements of his work affected his health
rescue
(v.) take forcibly from legal custody.
e.g. rescue prisoners
research
(n.) a search for knowledge.
e.g. their pottery deserves more research than it has received
(v.) attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner.
e.g. The student researched the history of that word
reservation
(n.) a statement that limits or restricts some claim.
e.g. he recommended her without any reservations
reserve
(v.) arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance.
e.g. reserve me a seat on a flight
resident
(a.) living in a particular place.
e.g. resident aliens
(n.) a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital.
e.g. the resident was receiving special clinical training at the hospital
resist
(v.) withstand the force of something.
e.g. The trees resisted her
resistance
(n.) the military action of resisting the enemy's advance. e.g. the enemy offered little resistance
resolve
(v.) make clearly visible.
e.g. can this image be resolved?
resort
(v.) have recourse to.
e.g. The government resorted to rationing meat
resource
(n.) the ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems.
e.g. a man of resource
respect
(n.) an attitude of admiration or esteem.
e.g. she lost all respect for him
(v.) regard highly; think much of.
e.g. I respect his judgement
respond
(v.) respond favorably or as hoped.
e.g. The cancer responded to the aggressive therapy
response
(n.) a result.
e.g. this situation developed in response to events in Africa
responsibility
(n.) a form of trustworthiness; the trait of being answerable to someone for something or being responsible for one's conduct.
e.g. he holds a position of great responsibility
responsible
(a.) worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable.
e.g. a responsible adult
(s.) having an acceptable credit rating.
e.g. a responsible borrower
rest
(n.) a pause for relaxation.
e.g. people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests
(v.) be inactive, refrain from acting.
e.g. The committee is resting over the summer
restore
(v.) return to its original or usable and functioning condition.
e.g. restore the forest to its original pristine condition
restrict
(v.) place limits on (extent or access).
e.g. restrict the use of this parking lot
restricted
(a.) subject to restriction or subjected to restriction.
e.g. of restricted importance
restriction
(n.) a principle that limits the extent of something.
e.g. I am willing to accept certain restrictions on my movements
result
(n.) something that results.
e.g. he listened for the results on the radio
(v.) issue or terminate (in a specified way, state, etc.); end.
e.g. result in tragedy
retain
(v.) hold within.
e.g. This soil retains water
retire
(v.) make (someone) retire.
e.g. The director was retired after the scandal
return
(n.) the income or profit arising from such transactions as the sale of land or other property.
e.g. the average return was about 5%
(v.) return in kind.
e.g. return a compliment
reveal
(v.) disclose directly or through prophets.
e.g. God rarely reveal his plans for Mankind
reverse
(a.) of the transmission gear causing backward movement in a motor vehicle.
e.g. in reverse gear
(n.) a relation of direct opposition.
e.g. we thought Sue was older than Bill but just the reverse was true
(v.) change to the contrary.
e.g. The trend was reversed
review
(n.) a formal or official examination.
e.g. the platoon stood ready for review
(v.) appraise critically.
e.g. She reviews books for the New York Times
revise
(v.) make revisions in.
e.g. revise a thesis
revision
(n.) the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification).
e.g. it would require a drastic revision of his opinion
revolution
(n.) a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving.
e.g. the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolution
rhythm
(n.) the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music.
e.g. the piece has a fast rhythm
rice
(v.) sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice.
e.g. rice the potatoes
rich
(a.) high in mineral content; having a high proportion of fuel to air.
e.g. a rich vein of copper
(n.) people who have possessions and wealth (considered as a group).
e.g. only the very rich benefit from this legislation
(s.) containing plenty of fat, or eggs, or sugar.
e.g. rich desserts
rid
(v.) relieve from.
e.g. Rid the house of pests
ride
(v.) have certain properties when driven.
e.g. This car rides smoothly
riding
(s.) traveling by wheeled vehicle such as bicycle or automobile e.g..
e.g. the riding public welcomed the new buses
right
(a.) in conformance with justice or law or morality.
e.g. do the right thing and confess
(n.) (frequently plural) the interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing.
e.g. mineral rights
(adv.) toward or on the right; also used figuratively.
e.g. he looked right and left
(s.) in or into a satisfactory condition.
e.g. things are right again now
(v.) make reparations or amends for.
e.g. right a wrongs done to the victims of the Holocaust
rightly
(r.) with honesty.
e.g. he was rightly considered the greatest singer of his time
ring
(n.) a toroidal shape.
e.g. a ring of ships in the harbor
(v.) make (bells) ring, often for the purposes of musical edification.
e.g. Ring the bells
rise
(n.) an upward slope or grade (as in a road).
e.g. the car couldn't make it up the rise
(v.) come up, of celestial bodies.
e.g. The sun also rises
risk
(n.) a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury.
e.g. he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime
(v.) expose to a chance of loss or damage.
e.g. We risked losing a lot of money in this venture
rival
(n.) the contestant you hope to defeat.
e.g. he had respect for his rivals
(v.) be equal to in quality or ability.
e.g. Nothing can rival cotton for durability
river
(n.) a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek). e.g. the river was navigable for 50 miles
road
(a.) taking place over public roads.
e.g. road racing
(n.) a way or means to achieve something.
e.g. the road to fame
rob
(v.) take something away by force or without the consent of the owner. e.g. The burglars robbed him of all his money
rock
(n.) material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust.
e.g. that mountain is solid rock
(v.) cause to move back and forth.
e.g. rock the cradle
role
(n.) normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting.
e.g. what is your role on the team?
roll
(n.) a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.).
e.g. he shot his roll on a bob-tailed nag
(v.) occur in soft rounded shapes.
e.g. The hills rolled past
romantic
(a.) belonging to or characteristic of romanticism or the Romantic Movement in the arts.
e.g. romantic poetry
room
(n.) opportunity for.
e.g. room for improvement
(v.) live and take one's meals at or in.
e.g. she rooms in an old boarding house
root
(v.) come into existence, originate.
e.g. The problem roots in her depression
rope
(v.) catch with a lasso.
e.g. rope cows
rough
(a.) causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements.
e.g. a rough ride
(adv.) with roughness or violence (rough' is an informal variant for roughly').
e.g. he was pushed roughly aside
(s.) (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse.
e.g. she was a diamond in the rough
roughly
(adv.) with roughness or violence (rough' is an informal variant for roughly'). e.g. he was pushed roughly aside
round
(n.) the course along which communications spread. e.g. the story is going the rounds in Washington
(adv.) from beginning to end; throughout.
e.g. It rains all year round on Skye
(s.) (mathematics) expressed to the nearest integer, ten, hundred, or thousand.
e.g. in round numbers
(v.) be around.
e.g. Developments surround the town
rounded
(a.) curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged.
e.g. low rounded hills
(s.) a chubby body.
e.g. the boy had a rounded face and fat cheeks
routine
(s.) occurring at fixed times or predictable intervals. e.g. made her routine trip to the store
row
(n.) a long continuous strip (usually running horizontally).
e.g. a mackerel sky filled with rows of clouds
(v.) propel with oars.
e.g. row the boat across the lake
royal
(a.) established or chartered or authorized by royalty. e.g. the Royal Society
(s.) being of the rank of a monarch.
e.g. of royal ancestry
rub
(n.) the act of rubbing or wiping.
e.g. he gave the hood a quick rub
(v.) move over something with pressure.
e.g. rub my hands
rubber
(s.) returned for lack of funds.
e.g. a rubber check
(v.) coat or impregnate with rubber.
e.g. rubberize fabric for rain coats
rude
(s.) belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness.
e.g. the crude weapons and rude agricultural implements of early man
ruin
(n.) an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction.
e.g. you have brought ruin on this entire family
(v.) destroy or cause to fail.
e.g. This behavior will ruin your chances of winning the election
rule
(n.) the duration of a monarch's or government's power.
e.g. during the rule of Elizabeth
(v.) mark or draw with a ruler.
e.g. rule the margins
run
(n.) the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation.
e.g. the assembly line was on a 12-hour run
(v.) have a particular form.
e.g. the story or argument runs as follows
runner
(n.) a person who is employed to deliver messages or documents. e.g. he sent a runner over with the contract
running
(a.) of advancing the ball by running.
e.g. the team's running plays worked better than its pass plays
(n.) the state of being in operation.
e.g. the engine is running smoothly
(s.) moving quickly on foot.
e.g. heard running footsteps behind him
rural
(a.) relating to rural areas.
e.g. rural electrification
rush
(n.) a sudden burst of activity.
e.g. come back after the rush
(s.) done under pressure.
e.g. a rush job
(v.) step on it.
e.g. He rushed down the hall to receive his guests
sack
(n.) the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter.
e.g. the sack of Rome
(v.) plunder (a town) after capture.
e.g. the barbarians sacked Rome
sad
(a.) experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness. e.g. feeling sad because his dog had died
(s.) of things that make you feel sad.
e.g. sad news
sadly
(adv.) with sadness; in a sad manner.
e.g. She died last night,' he said sadly
sadness
(n.) the state of being sad.
e.g. she tired of his perpetual sadness
safe
(a.) having reached a base without being put out. e.g. the runner was called safe when the baseman dropped the ball
(s.) in safekeeping.
e.g. your secret is safe with me
safely
(adv.) with safety; in a safe manner. e.g. we are safely out of there
safety
(n.) the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions.
e.g. insure the safety of the children
sail
(v.) travel in a boat propelled by wind.
e.g. I love sailing, especially on the open sea
sale
(n.) the state of being purchasable; offered or exhibited for selling.
e.g. you'll find vitamin C for sale at most pharmacies
salt
(s.) (of speech) painful or bitter.
e.g. salt scorn
(v.) sprinkle as if with salt.
e.g. the rebels had salted the fields with mines and traps
same
(a.) same in identity.
e.g. the same man I saw yesterday
(s.) unchanged in character or nature.
e.g. the village stayed the same
sand
(v.) rub with sandpaper.
e.g. sandpaper the wooden surface
satisfaction
(n.) compensation for a wrong.
e.g. we were unable to get satisfaction from the local store
satisfied
(s.) filled with satisfaction.
e.g. a satisfied customer
sauce
(v.) add zest or flavor to, make more interesting.
e.g. sauce the roast
save
(n.) (sports) the act of preventing the opposition from scoring.
e.g. the goalie made a brilliant save
(v.) spend sparingly, avoid the waste of.
e.g. This move will save money
saving
(s.) characterized by thriftiness.
e.g. wealthy by inheritance but saving by constitution
say
(n.) the chance to speak.
e.g. let him have his say
(v.) state as one's opinion or judgement; declare.
e.g. I say let's forget this whole business
scale
(n.) an ordered reference standard.
e.g. judging on a scale of 1 to 10
(v.) measure by or as if by a scale.
e.g. This bike scales only 25 pounds
scene
(n.) the place where some action occurs.
e.g. the police returned to the scene of the crime
schedule
(v.) make a schedule; plan the time and place for events.
e.g. I scheduled an exam for this afternoon
school
(n.) the period of instruction in a school; the time period when schools is in session.
e.g. stay after school
(v.) educate in or as if in a school.
e.g. The children are schooled at great cost to their parents in private institutions
science
(n.) a particular branch of scientific knowledge.
e.g. the science of genetics
scientific
(a.) of or relating to the practice of science.
e.g. scientific journals
score
(n.) an amount due (as at a restaurant or bar).
e.g. add it to my score and I'll settle later
(v.) make small marks into the surface of.
e.g. score the clay before firing it
scratch
(v.) scrape or rub as if to relieve itching.
e.g. Don't scratch your insect bites!
scream
(n.) sharp piercing cry.
e.g. her screaming attracted the neighbors
(v.) make a loud, piercing sound.
e.g. Fighter planes are screaming through the skies
screen
(n.) a door that consists of a frame holding metallic or plastic netting; used to allow ventilation and to keep insects from entering a building through the open door.
e.g. he heard the screen slam as she left
(v.) test or examine for the presence of disease or infection.
e.g. screen the blood for the HIV virus
screw
(v.) cause to penetrate, as with a circular motion.
e.g. drive in screws or bolts
sea
(a.) relating to or characteristic of or occurring on the sea or ships.
e.g. sea stories
(n.) turbulent water with swells of considerable size. e.g. heavy seas
seal
(n.) the pelt or fur (especially the underfur) of a seal. e.g. a coat of seal
(v.) affix a seal to.
e.g. seal the letter
search
(n.) the examination of alternative hypotheses.
e.g. his search for a move that would avoid checkmate was unsuccessful
(v.) subject to a search.
e.g. The police searched the suspect
season
(n.) a period of the year marked by special events or activities in some field.
e.g. he celebrated his 10th season with the ballet company
(v.) lend flavor to.
e.g. Season the chicken breast after roasting it
seat
(n.) a space reserved for sitting (as in a theater or on a train or airplane).
e.g. he booked their seats in advance
(v.) be able to seat.
e.g. The theater seats 2,000
second
(a.) a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in pitch than or subordinate to the first.
e.g. second flute
(n.) following the first in an ordering or series.
e.g. he came in a close second
(adv.) in the second place.
e.g. second, we must consider the economy
(s.) coming next after first.
e.g. a second chance
(v.) give support or one's approval to.
e.g. I'll second that motion
secondary
(a.) being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate.
e.g. the stone will be hauled to a secondary crusher
(s.) depending on or incidental to what is original or primary.
e.g. a secondary infection
secret
(n.) something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on). e.g. the combination to the safe was a secret
(s.) not open or public; kept private or not revealed. e.g. a secret formula
secretly
(adv.) in secrecy; not openly.
e.g. met secretly to discuss the invasion plans
section
(n.) a very thin slice (of tissue or mineral or other substance) for examination under a microscope.
e.g. sections from the left ventricle showed diseased tissue
sector
(n.) a body of people who form part of society or economy.
e.g. the public sector
secure
(a.) not likely to fail or give way.
e.g. the lock was secure
security
(n.) the state of being free from danger or injury.
e.g. we support the armed services in the name of national security
see
(v.) take charge of or deal with.
e.g. Could you see about lunch?
seed
(v.) go to seed; shed seeds.
e.g. The dandelions went to seed
seek
(v.) try to get or reach.
e.g. seek a position
seem
(v.) appear to exist.
e.g. There seems no reason to go ahead with the project now
selection
(n.) an assortment of things from which a choice can be made.
e.g. the store carried a large selection of shoes
self
(a.) (used as a combining form) relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self.
e.g. self-knowledge
(n.) a person considered as a unique individual.
e.g. one's own self
sell
(n.) the activity of persuading someone to buy.
e.g. it was a hard sell
(v.) be sold at a certain price or in a certain way.
e.g. These books sell like hot cakes
send
(v.) cause to be directed or transmitted to another place.
e.g. send me your latest results
senior
(a.) older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service.
e.g. senior officer
(s.) used of the fourth and final year in United States high school or college.
e.g. the senior prom
sense
(n.) the meaning of a word or expression; the way in which a word or expression or situation can be interpreted.
e.g. the dictionary gave several senses for the word
(v.) detect some circumstance or entity automatically. e.g. This robot can sense the presence of people in the room
sensible
(a.) able to feel or perceive.
e.g. even amoeba are sensible creatures
(s.) readily perceived by the senses.
e.g. the sensible universe
sensitive
(a.) being susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others.
e.g. sensitive to the local community and its needs
sentence
(n.) a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language.
e.g. he always spoke in grammatical sentences
separate
(a.) independent; not united or joint.
e.g. a problem consisting of two separate issues
(s.) separated according to race, sex, class, or religion.
e.g. separate but equal
(v.) go one's own way; move apart.
e.g. The friends separated after the party
separation
(n.) the space where a division or parting occurs.
e.g. he hid in the separation between walls
series
(n.) (electronics) connection of components in such a manner that current flows first through one and then through the other.
e.g. the voltage divider consisted of a series of fixed resistors
serious
(a.) concerned with work or important matters rather than play or trivialities.
e.g. a serious student of history
(s.) of great consequence.
e.g. marriage is a serious matter
serve
(n.) (sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play.
e.g. his powerful serves won the game
(v.) serve a purpose, role, or function.
e.g. The tree stump serves as a table
service
(n.) an act of help or assistance.
e.g. he did them a service
(v.) make fit for use.
e.g. service my truck
session
(n.) a meeting for execution of a group's functions. e.g. it was the opening session of the legislature
set
(n.) a unit of play in tennis or squash.
e.g. they played two sets of tennis after dinner
(s.) being below the horizon.
e.g. the moon is set
(v.) disappear beyond the horizon.
e.g. the sun sets early these days
settle
(v.) settle into a position, usually on a surface or ground.
e.g. dust settled on the roofs
several
(s.) (used with count nouns) of an indefinite number more than 2 or 3 but not many.
e.g. several letters came in the mail
severe
(s.) intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality.
e.g. severe pain
sew
(v.) create (clothes) with cloth.
e.g. Can the seamstress sew me a suit by next week?
sewing
(n.) needlework on which you are working with needle and thread.
e.g. she put her sewing back in the basket
sex
(n.) either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided.
e.g. the war between the sexes
sexual
(a.) of or relating to or characterized by sexuality. e.g. sexual orientation
(s.) involved in a sexual relationship.
e.g. the intimate (or sexual) relations between husband and wife
sexually
(adv.) with respect to sexuality.
e.g. sexually ambiguous
shade
(n.) relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body.
e.g. it is much cooler in the shade
(v.) protect from light, heat, or view.
e.g. Shade your eyes when you step out into the bright sunlight
shadow
(n.) a dominating and pervasive presence.
e.g. he received little recognition working in the shadow of his father
(v.) follow, usually without the person's knowledge. e.g. The police are shadowing her
shake
(v.) get rid of.
e.g. I couldn't shake the car that was following me
shallow
(a.) not deep or strong; not affecting one deeply.
e.g. shallow breathing
(s.) lacking depth of intellect or knowledge; concerned only with what is obvious.
e.g. shallow people
(v.) make shallow.
e.g. The silt shallowed the canal
shame
(n.) a state of dishonor.
e.g. one mistake brought shame to all his family
(v.) compel through a sense of shame.
e.g. She shamed him into making amends
shape
(n.) any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline).
e.g. he could barely make out their shapes
(v.) give shape or form to.
e.g. shape the dough
shaped
(a.) having the shape of.
e.g. a square shaped playing field
(s.) shaped to fit by or as if by altering the contours of a pliable mass (as by work or effort).
e.g. a shaped handgrip
share
(n.) any of the equal portions into which the capital stock of a corporation is divided and ownership of which is evidenced by a stock certificate.
e.g. he bought 100 shares of IBM at the market price
(v.) have in common.
e.g. Our children share a love of music
sharp
(a.) raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone.
e.g. C sharp
(adv.) changing suddenly in direction and degree.
e.g. the road twists sharply after the light
(s.) harsh.
e.g. sharp criticism
sharply
(adv.) changing suddenly in direction and degree. e.g. the road twists sharply after the light
shave
(v.) cut or remove with or as if with a plane.
e.g. The machine shaved off fine layers from the piece of wood
sheep
(n.) a docile and vulnerable person who would rather follow than make an independent decision.
e.g. his students followed him like sheep
sheet
(n.) any broad thin expanse or surface.
e.g. a sheet of ice
(v.) come down as if in sheets.
e.g. The rain was sheeting down during the monsoon
shell
(n.) a rigid covering that envelops an object.
e.g. the satellite is covered with a smooth shell of ice
(v.) fall out of the pod or husk.
e.g. The corn shelled
shelter
(v.) provide shelter for.
e.g. After the earthquake, the government could not provide shelter for the thousands of homeless people
shift
(n.) the act of moving from one place to another.
e.g. his constant shifting disrupted the class
(v.) move very slightly.
e.g. He shifted in his seat
shine
(v.) throw or flash the light of (a lamp).
e.g. Shine the light on that window, please
ship
(v.) place on board a ship.
e.g. ship the cargo in the hold of the vessel
shock
(n.) (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor.
e.g. loss of blood is an important cause of shock
(v.) strike with disgust or revulsion.
e.g. The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends
shoe
(v.) furnish with shoes.
e.g. the children were well shoed
shoot
(n.) the act of shooting at targets.
e.g. they hold a shoot every weekend during the summer
shoot
(v.) send forth suddenly, intensely, swiftly.
e.g. shoot a glance
shooting
(n.) killing someone by gunfire.
e.g. when the shooting stopped there were three dead bodies
shop
(n.) a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services.
e.g. he bought it at a shop on Cape Cod
(v.) do one's shopping.
e.g. She goes shopping every Friday
shopping
(n.) searching for or buying goods or services.
e.g. went shopping for a reliable plumber
short
(a.) low in stature; not tall.
e.g. he was short and stocky
(adv.) without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold.
e.g. he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash
(s.) lacking foresight or scope.
e.g. a short view of the problem
shortly
(adv.) at a short distance.
e.g. the hem fell shortly below her knees
shot
(n.) a chance to do something. e.g. he wanted a shot at the champion
shoulder
(v.) carry a burden, either real or metaphoric.
e.g. shoulder the burden
shout
(v.) utter in a loud voice; talk in a loud voice (usually denoting characteristic manner of speaking).
e.g. My grandmother is hard of hearing--you'll have to shout
show
(n.) a social event involving a public performance or entertainment.
e.g. they wanted to see some of the shows on Broadway
(v.) show or demonstrate something to an interested audience.
e.g. She shows her dogs frequently
shower
(n.) a brief period of precipitation.
e.g. the game was interrupted by a brief shower
(v.) rain abundantly.
e.g. Meteors showered down over half of Australia
shut
(a.) not open.
e.g. the door slammed shut
(v.) prevent from entering; shut out.
e.g. The trees were shutting out all sunlight
shy
(n.) a quick throw.
e.g. he gave the ball a shy to the first baseman
(s.) short.
e.g. eleven is one shy of a dozen
sick
(n.) people who are sick.
e.g. they devote their lives to caring for the sick
(s.) deeply affected by a strong feeling.
e.g. sat completely still, sick with envy
side
(a.) located on a side.
e.g. side fences
(n.) a place within a region identified relative to a center or reference location.
e.g. they always sat on the right side of the church
(v.) take the side of; be on the side of.
e.g. Whose side are you on?
sideways
(adv.) with one side forward or to the front.
e.g. turned sideways to show the profile
sight
(n.) anything that is seen.
e.g. he was a familiar sight on the television
(v.) catch sight of; to perceive with the eyes.
e.g. he caught sight of the king's men coming over the ridge
sign
(n.) (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease.
e.g. there were no signs of asphyxiation
(v.) engage by written agreement.
e.g. They signed two new pitchers for the next season
signal
(n.) any incitement to action.
e.g. he awaited the signal to start
(s.) notably out of the ordinary.
e.g. the year saw one signal triumph for the Labour party
significant
(a.) too closely correlated to be attributed to chance and therefore indicating a systematic relation.
e.g. the interaction effect is significant at the .01 level
significantly
(adv.) in a statistically significant way.
e.g. the two groups differed significantly
silence
(n.) the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking).
e.g. there was a shocked silence
(v.) keep from expression, for example by threats or pressure.
e.g. All dissenters were silenced when the dictator assumed power
silent
(s.) marked by absence of sound.
e.g. a silent house
silly
(n.) a word used for misbehaving children.
e.g. don't be a silly
(s.) inspiring scornful pity.
e.g. how silly an ardent and unsuccessful wooer can be especially if he is getting on in years
silver
(s.) made from or largely consisting of silver.
e.g. silver bracelets
(v.) coat with a layer of silver or a silver amalgam. e.g. silver the necklace
similar
(a.) marked by correspondence or resemblance.
e.g. similar food at similar prices
similarly
(adv.) in like or similar manner.
e.g. He was similarly affected
simple
(a.) having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved.
e.g. a simple problem
(s.) unornamented.
e.g. a simple country schoolhouse
simply
(adv.) absolutely; altogether; really.
e.g. we are simply broke
sincere
(a.) open and genuine; not deceitful.
e.g. he was a good man, decent and sincere
sincerely
(r.) with sincerity; without pretense.
e.g. she praised him sincerely for his victory
sing
(v.) deliver by singing.
e.g. Sing Christmas carols
single
(a.) used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals.
e.g. single chrysanthemums resemble daisies and may have more than one row of petals
(s.) having uniform application.
e.g. a single legal code for all
(v.) hit a single.
e.g. the batter singled to left field
sink
(n.) (technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system.
e.g. the ocean is a sink for carbon dioxide
sister
(n.) a female person who has the same parents as another person.
e.g. my sister married a musician
sit
(v.) work or act as a baby-sitter.
e.g. I cannot baby-sit tonight; go I have too much homework to do
site
(n.) the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located).
e.g. a good site for the school
situation
(n.) a complex or critical or unusual difficulty.
e.g. the dangerous situation developed suddenly
size
(n.) any glutinous material used to fill pores in surfaces or to stiffen fabrics.
e.g. size gives body to a fabric
(s.) (used in combination) sized.
e.g. the economy-size package
skill
(n.) ability to produce solutions in some problem domain.
e.g. the skill of a well-trained boxer
skilled
(a.) having or showing or requiring special skill.
e.g. only the most skilled gymnasts make an Olympic team
skin
(n.) a person's skin regarded as their life.
e.g. he tried to save his skin
(v.) bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of. e.g. The boy skinned his knee when he fell
skirt
(v.) pass around or about; move along the border. e.g. The boat skirted the coast
sleep
(n.) a period of time spent sleeping.
e.g. he felt better after a little sleep
(v.) be able to accommodate for sleeping.
e.g. This tent sleeps six people
slice
(n.) a share of something.
e.g. a slice of the company's revenue
(v.) cut into slices.
e.g. Slice the salami, please
slide
(n.) (music) rapid sliding up or down the musical scale.
e.g. the violinist was indulgent with his swoops and slides
slight
(s.) almost no or (with a') at least some; very little. e.g. there's slight chance that it will work
slip
(n.) a young and slender person.
e.g. he's a mere slip of a lad
(v.) pass on stealthily.
e.g. He slipped me the key when nobody was looking
slope
(n.) an elevated geological formation.
e.g. he climbed the steep slope
(v.) be at an angle.
e.g. The terrain sloped down
slow
(a.) (used of timepieces) indicating a time earlier than the correct time.
e.g. the clock is slow
(adv.) of timepieces.
e.g. the clock is almost an hour slow
(s.) (of business) not active or brisk.
e.g. business is dull (or slow)
(v.) cause to proceed more slowly.
e.g. The illness slowed him down
slowly
(advwithout speed (slow' is sometimes used informally for slowly').
e.g. he spoke slowly
small
(adv.) on a small scale.
e.g. think small
(s.) have fine or very small constituent particles.
e.g. a small misty rain
smart
(s.) painfully severe.
e.g. he gave the dog a smart blow
smash
(adv.) with a loud crash.
e.g. the car went smash through the fence
(v.) hit violently.
e.g. She smashed her car against the guard rail
smell
(n.) the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form.
e.g. she loved the smell of roses
(v.) smell bad.
e.g. He rarely washes, and he smells
smile
(v.) express with a smile.
e.g. She smiled her thanks
smoke
(n.) a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion.
e.g. the fire produced a tower of black smoke that could be seen for miles
(v.) inhale and exhale smoke from cigarettes, cigars, pipes.
e.g. We never smoked marijuana
smoking
(s.) emitting smoke in great volume.
e.g. a smoking fireplace
smooth
(a.) of motion that runs or flows or proceeds without jolts or turbulence.
e.g. a smooth ride
(n.) the act of smoothing.
e.g. he gave his hair a quick smooth
(s.) smooth and unconstrained in movement.
e.g. a long, smooth stride
(v.) free from obstructions.
e.g. smooth the way towards peace negotiations
smoothly
(adv.) in a smooth and diplomatic manner.
e.g. And now,' he said smoothly, we will continue the conversation'
snake
(v.) form a snake-like pattern.
e.g. The river snakes through the valley
snow
(v.) fall as snow.
e.g. It was snowing all night
so
(adv.) in the same way; also.
e.g. I was offended and so was he
social
(a.) relating to or belonging to or characteristic of high society.
e.g. made fun of her being so social and high-toned
(s.) composed of sociable people or formed for the purpose of sociability.
e.g. a purely social club
socially
(adv.) in a social manner.
e.g. socially unpopular
soft
(a.) not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons).
e.g. soft targets
(s.) (of a commodity or market or currency) falling or likely to fall in value.
e.g. the market for computers is soft
softly
(adv.) in a manner that is pleasing to the senses. e.g. she smiled softly
software
(n.) (computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory.
e.g. the market for software is expected to expand
soil
(n.) the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state.
e.g. American troops were stationed on Japanese soil
(v.) make soiled, filthy, or dirty.
e.g. don't soil your clothes when you play outside!
soldier
(n.) an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army.
e.g. the soldiers stood at attention
solid
(a.) entirely of one substance with no holes inside. e.g. a solid block of wood
(s.) of good quality and condition; solidly built.
e.g. a solid foundation
solution
(n.) a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution.
e.g. he used a solution of peroxide and water
solve
(v.) find the solution.
e.g. solve an equation
some
(a.) quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns to indicate an unspecified number or quantity.
e.g. have some milk
(s.) remarkable.
e.g. that was some party
somehow
(adv.) for some unspecified reason.
e.g. It doesn't seem fair somehow
something
(n.) a thing of some kind.
e.g. is there something you want?
sometimes
(adv.) on certain occasions or in certain cases but not always.
e.g. sometimes she wished she were back in England
somewhat
(adv.) to a small degree or extent.
e.g. his arguments were somewhat self-contradictory
somewhere
(n.) an indefinite or unknown location.
e.g. they moved to somewhere in Spain
(adv.) in or at or to some place.
e.g. she must be somewhere
son
(n.) a male human offspring.
e.g. their son became a famous judge
song
(n.) a very small sum.
e.g. he bought it for a song
soon
(adv.) in the near future.
e.g. the doctor will soon be here
sore
(s.) causing misery or pain or distress.
e.g. it was a sore trial to him
sorry
(s.) without merit.
e.g. a sorry horse
sort
(n.) an operation that segregates items into groups according to a specified criterion.
e.g. the bottleneck in mail delivery it the process of sorting
soul
(n.) a secular form of gospel that was a major Black musical genre in the 1960s and 1970s.
e.g. soul was politically significant during the Civil Rights movement
sound
(a.) in good condition; free from defect or damage or decay.
e.g. a sound timber
(n.) mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium.
e.g. falling trees make a sound in the forest even when no one is there to hear them
(s.) logically valid.
e.g. a sound argument
(v.) announce by means of a sound.
e.g. sound the alarm
soup
(n.) an unfortunate situation.
e.g. we're in the soup now
sour
(s.) in an unpalatable state.
e.g. sour milk
(v.) go sour or spoil.
e.g. The milk has soured
source
(n.) (technology) a process by which energy or a substance enters a system.
e.g. a heat source
(v.) get (a product) from another country or business. e.g. She sourced a supply of carpet
south
(a.) situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south.
e.g. the south entrance
(adv.) in a southern direction.
e.g. we moved south
southern
(a.) in or characteristic of a region of the United States south of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line.
e.g. southern hospitality
(s.) situated in or oriented toward the south.
e.g. a southern exposure
space
(n.) an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things).
e.g. the architect left space in front of the building
(v.) place at intervals.
e.g. Space the interviews so that you have some time between the different candidates
spare
(s.) thin and fit.
e.g. the spare figure of a marathon runner
(v.) save or relieve from an experience or action.
e.g. I'll spare you from having to apologize formally
speaker
(n.) the presiding officer of a deliberative assembly. e.g. the leader of the majority party is the Speaker of the House of Representatives
special
(n.) a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising.
e.g. they are having a special on pork chops
(s.) added to a regular schedule.
e.g. a special holiday flight
specially
(adv.) in a special manner. e.g. a specially arranged dinner
specific
(a.) relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species.
e.g. specific characters
(n.) a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease.
e.g. quinine is a specific for malaria
(s.) stated explicitly or in detail.
e.g. needed a specific amount
specifically
(adv.) in distinction from others. e.g. a program specifically for teenagers
speech
(n.) something spoken.
e.g. he could hear them uttering merry speeches
speed
(n.) a rate (usually rapid) at which something happens.
e.g. the project advanced with gratifying speed
(v.) travel at an excessive or illegal velocity.
e.g. I got a ticket for speeding
spell
(n.) a verbal formula believed to have magical force. e.g. he whispered a spell as he moved his hands
(v.) relieve (someone) from work by taking a turn. e.g. She spelled her husband at the wheel
spend
(v.) pass (time) in a specific way.
e.g. How are you spending your summer vacation?
spice
(v.) make more interesting or flavorful.
e.g. Spice up the evening by inviting a belly dancer
spin
(n.) the act of rotating rapidly.
e.g. he gave the crank a spin
(v.) cause to spin.
e.g. spin a coin
spirit
(v.) infuse with spirit.
e.g. The company spirited him up
spiritual
(s.) concerned with or affecting the spirit or soul.
e.g. a spiritual approach to life
split
(n.) a promised or claimed share of loot or money. e.g. he demanded his split before they disbanded
(s.) being divided or separated.
e.g. split between love and hate
spoil
(n.) (usually plural) valuables taken by violence (especially in war).
e.g. to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy
(v.) become unfit for consumption or use.
e.g. the meat must be eaten before it spoils
spoken
(a.) uttered through the medium of speech or characterized by speech; sometimes used in combination. e.g. a spoken message
spoon
(n.) as much as a spoon will hold.
e.g. he added two spoons of sugar
(v.) scoop up or take up with a spoon.
e.g. spoon the sauce over the roast
sport
(n.) a person known for the way she (or he) behaves when teased or defeated or subjected to trying circumstances.
e.g. a good sport
(v.) wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner.
e.g. she was sporting a new hat
spot
(n.) a small quantity.
e.g. a spot of tea
(v.) make a spot or mark onto.
e.g. The wine spotted the tablecloth
spray
(n.) a quantity of small objects flying through the air. e.g. a spray of bullets
(v.) be discharged in sprays of liquid.
e.g. Water sprayed all over the floor
spread
(n.) the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age).
e.g. she exercised to avoid that middle-aged spread
(s.) prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out.
e.g. a table spread with food
(v.) spread across or over.
e.g. A big oil spot spread across the water
spring
(n.) the season of growth. e.g. the emerging buds were a sure sign of spring
square
(a.) having four equal sides and four right angles or forming a right angle.
e.g. a square peg in a round hole
(n.) (geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles; a four-sided regular polygon.
e.g. you can compute the area of a square if you know the length of its sides
(adv.) in a straight direct way.
e.g. looked him squarely in the eye
(s.) leaving no balance.
e.g. my account with you is now all square
(v.) be compatible with.
e.g. one idea squares with another
squeeze
(n.) a situation in which increased costs cannot be passed on to the customer.
e.g. increased expenses put a squeeze on profits
(v.) squeeze like a wedge into a tight space.
e.g. I squeezed myself into the corner
stable
(a.) resistant to change of position or condition.
e.g. a stable ladder
(s.) firm and dependable; subject to little fluctuation. e.g. the economy is stable
(v.) shelter in a stable.
e.g. stable horses
staff
(n.) personnel who assist their superior in carrying out an assigned task.
e.g. the hospital has an excellent nursing staff
(v.) serve on the staff of.
e.g. The two men staff the reception desk
stage
(n.) any distinct time period in a sequence of events. e.g. we are in a transitional stage in which many former ideas must be revised or rejected
(v.) perform (a play), especially on a stage. e.g. we are going to stage Othello'
stamp
(n.) a type or class.
e.g. more men of his stamp are needed
(v.) reveal clearly as having a certain character. e.g. His playing stamps him as a Romantic
stand
(n.) a growth of similar plants (usually trees) in a particular area.
e.g. they cut down a stand of trees
(v.) occupy a place or location, also metaphorically. e.g. We stand on common ground
standard
(a.) conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers.
e.g. standard English
(n.) a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated.
e.g. the schools comply with federal standards
(s.) regularly and widely used or sold.
e.g. a standard size
star
(v.) feature as the star. e.g. The movie stars Dustin Hoffman as an autistic man
stare
(v.) look at with fixed eyes. e.g. The students stared at the teacher with amazement
start
(n.) the time at which something is supposed to
begin.
e.g. they got an early start(v.) move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm.
e.g. She startled when I walked into the room
state
(n.) (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container).
e.g. the solid state of water is called ice
statement
(n.) (music) the presentation of a musical theme.
e.g. the initial statement of the sonata
station
(n.) a facility equipped with special equipment and personnel for a particular purpose.
e.g. he started looking for a gas station
status
(n.) the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society. e.g. he had the status of a minor
stay
(n.) a judicial order forbidding some action until an event occurs or the order is lifted.
e.g. the Supreme Court has the power to stay an injunction pending an appeal to the whole Court
(v.) stay behind.
e.g. The smell stayed in the room
steadily
(r.) in a steady manner.
e.g. he could still walk steadily
steady
(a.) not subject to change or variation especially in behavior.
e.g. a steady beat
(s.) securely in position; not shaky.
e.g. held the ladder steady
(v.) make steady.
e.g. steady yourself
steam
(v.) emit steam. e.g. The rain forest was literally steaming
steep
(a.) having a sharp inclination.
e.g. the steep attic stairs
(v.) let sit in a liquid to extract a flavor or to cleanse. e.g. steep the blossoms in oil
steeply
(r.) in a steep manner.
e.g. the street rose steeply up to the castle
steer
(v.) be a guiding force, as with directions or advice. e.g. The teacher steered the gifted students towards the more challenging courses
step
(n.) relative position in a graded series.
e.g. always a step behind
(v.) furnish with steps.
e.g. The architect wants to step the terrace
stick
(n.) informal terms of the leg.
e.g. fever left him weak on his sticks
(v.) be or become fixed.
e.g. The door sticks--we will have to plane it
sticky
(s.) moist as with undried perspiration and with clothing sticking to the body.
e.g. felt sticky and chilly at the same time
stiff
(n.) an ordinary man.
e.g. a lucky stiff
(adv.) extremely.
e.g. bored stiff
(s.) powerful.
e.g. a stiff current
stiffly
(adv.) in a stiff manner.
e.g. his hands lay stiffly
still
(a.) not sparkling.
e.g. a still wine
(n.) (poetic) tranquil silence.
e.g. the still of the night
(adv.) without moving or making a sound.
e.g. he sat still as a statue
(s.) free from noticeable current.
e.g. a still pond
sting
(n.) a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung.
e.g. the sting of death
stir
(v.) move an implement through with a circular motion.
e.g. stir the soup
stock
(n.) the reputation and popularity a person has.
e.g. his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor
(s.) routine.
e.g. a stock answer
(v.) equip with a stock.
e.g. stock a rifle
stomach
(n.) an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness.
e.g. he had no stomach for a fight
(v.) bear to eat.
e.g. He cannot stomach raw fish
stone
(n.) an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds.
e.g. a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone
(v.) kill by throwing stones at.
e.g. People wanted to stone the woman who had a child out of wedlock
stop
(n.) a spot where something halts or pauses.
e.g. his next stop is Atlanta
(v.) interrupt a trip.
e.g. we stopped at Aunt Mary's house
store
(n.) a supply of something available for future use. e.g. he brought back a large store of Cuban cigars
(v.) keep or lay aside for future use.
e.g. store grain for the winter
storm
(n.) a violent commotion or disturbance.
e.g. the storms that had characterized their relationship had died away
(v.) rain, hail, or snow hard and be very windy, often with thunder or lightning.
e.g. If it storms, we'll need shelter
story
(n.) a record or narrative description of past events. e.g. a history of France
stove
(n.) a kitchen appliance used for cooking food.
e.g. dinner was already on the stove
straight
(a.) characterized by honesty and fairness.
e.g. straight dealing
(adv.) in a straight line; in a direct course.
e.g. the road runs straight
(s.) neatly arranged; not disorderly.
e.g. the room is straight now
strain
(n.) difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension. e.g. she endured the stresses and strains of life
(v.) to exert much effort or energy.
e.g. straining our ears to hear
strange
(a.) being definitely out of the ordinary and unexpected; slightly odd or even a bit weird.
e.g. a strange exaltation that was indefinable
(s.) not known before.
e.g. used many strange words
strangely
(adv.) in a strange way.
e.g. he was strangely silent
stream
(n.) something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously.
e.g. a stream of people emptied from the terminal
(v.) to extend, wave or float outward, as if in the wind. e.g. their manes streamed like stiff black pennants in the wind
street
(n.) the streets of a city viewed as a depressed environment in which there is poverty and crime and prostitution and dereliction. e.g. she tried to keep her children off the street
strength
(n.) the condition of financial success. e.g. the strength of the company's stock in recent weeks
stress
(n.) special emphasis attached to something. e.g. the stress was more on accuracy than on speed
stressed
(a.) bearing a stress or accent.
e.g. an iambic foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable as in delay'
(s.) suffering severe physical strain or distress.
e.g. he dropped out of the race, clearly distressed and having difficulty breathing
stretch
(n.) an unbroken period of time during which you do something.
e.g. there were stretches of boredom
(s.) having an elongated seating area.
e.g. a stretch limousine
(v.) occupy a large, elongated area.
e.g. The park stretched beneath the train line
strictly
(r.) restricted to something.
e.g. we talked strictly business
strike
(n.) a group's refusal to work in protest against low pay or bad work conditions.
e.g. the strike lasted more than a month before it was settled
(v.) produce by ignition or a blow.
e.g. strike fire from the flintstone
string
(n.) a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding.
e.g. a string of islands
(v.) string together; tie or fasten with a string.
e.g. string the package
strip
(n.) a relatively long narrow piece of something.
e.g. he felt a flat strip of muscle
(v.) take away possessions from someone.
e.g. The Nazis stripped the Jews of all their assets
stripe
(n.) V-shaped sleeve badge indicating military rank and service.
e.g. they earned their stripes in Kuwait
stroke
(n.) (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand.
e.g. it took two strokes to get out of the bunker
(v.) touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions.
e.g. He stroked his long beard
strong
(a.) having strength or power greater than average or expected.
e.g. a strong radio signal
(s.) of verbs not having standard (or regular) inflection. e.g. sing' is a strong verb
strongly
(r.) with strength or in a strong manner. e.g. argues very strongly for his proposal
structure
(n.) the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations.
e.g. his lectures have no structure
(v.) give a structure to.
e.g. I need to structure my days
struggle
(n.) an energetic attempt to achieve something.
e.g. getting through the crowd was a real struggle
(v.) make a strenuous or labored effort.
e.g. She struggled for years to survive without welfare
studio
(n.) workplace for the teaching or practice of an art. e.g. she ran a dance studio
study
(n.) someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play).
e.g. he is a quick study
(v.) think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes.
e.g. He is meditating in his study
stuff
(n.) information in some unspecified form.
e.g. it was stuff I had heard before
(v.) press or force.
e.g. Stuff money into an envelope
stupid
(n.) a person who is not very bright. e.g. The economy, stupid!
style
(n.) a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period.
e.g. all the reporters were expected to adopt the style of the newspaper
(v.) make consistent with a certain fashion or style. e.g. Style my hair
subject
(n.) a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation.
e.g. the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly
(s.) not exempt from tax.
e.g. the gift will be subject to taxation
(v.) cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to.
e.g. He subjected me to his awful poetry
substantial
(a.) having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
e.g. the substantial world
(s.) having a firm basis in reality and being therefore important, meaningful, or considerable.
e.g. substantial equivalents
substantially
(adv.) in a strong substantial way.
e.g. the house was substantially built
substitute
(v.) be a substitute.
e.g. The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague
succeed
(v.) attain success or reach a desired goal.
e.g. The enterprise succeeded
success
(n.) a state of prosperity or fame. e.g. he is enjoying great success
successful
(a.) having succeeded or being marked by a favorable outcome. e.g. a successful architect
successfully
(adv.) in a successful manner. e.g. she performed the surgery successfully
such
(adv.) to so extreme a degree.
e.g. he is such a baby
(s.) of so extreme a degree or extent.
e.g. such weeping
suck
(v.) attract by using an inexorable force, inducement, etc.. e.g. The current boom in the economy sucked many workers in from abroad
sudden
(a.) happening without warning or in a short space of time. e.g. a sudden storm
suddenly
(r.) happening unexpectedly. e.g. suddenly she felt a sharp pain in her side
suffer
(v.) be given to. e.g. She suffers from a tendency to talk too much
suffering
(s.) troubled by pain or loss. e.g. suffering refugees
sufficient
(a.) of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement but without being abundant. e.g. sufficient food
sufficiently
(r.) to a sufficient degree. e.g. she was sufficiently fluent in Mandarin
sugar
(v.) sweeten with sugar. e.g. sugar your tea
suggest
(v.) imply as a possibility. e.g. The evidence suggests a need for more clarification
suggestion
(n.) a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection. e.g. it was a suggestion we couldn't refuse
suit
(n.) a businessman dressed in a business suit. e.g. all the suits care about is the bottom line
suit
(v.) be agreeable or acceptable. e.g. This time suits me
suitable
(s.) meant or adapted for an occasion or use. e.g. a tractor suitable (or fit) for heavy duty
suited
(s.) outfitted or supplied with clothing. e.g. recruits suited in green
sum
(n.) a quantity of money.
e.g. he borrowed a large sum
(v.) be a summary of.
e.g. The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper
summary
(n.) a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form.
e.g. he gave a summary of the conclusions
(s.) performed speedily and without formality.
e.g. a summary execution
summer
(n.) the warmest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox.
e.g. they spent a lazy summer at the shore
(v.) spend the summer.
e.g. We summered in Kashmir
sun
(n.) the rays of the sun. e.g. the shingles were weathered by the sun and wind
sunday
(v.) spend Sunday. e.g. We sundayed in the country
superior
(a.) having an orbit farther from the sun than the Earth's orbit.
e.g. Mars and Jupiter are the closest in of the superior planets
(s.) having a higher rank.
e.g. superior officer
support
(n.) financial resources provided to make some project possible.
e.g. the foundation provided support for the experiment
(v.) give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to.
e.g. She supported him during the illness
supporter
(n.) a person who backs a politician or a team etc.. e.g. all their supporters came out for the game
suppose
(v.) take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand. e.g. I presuppose that you have done your work
sure
(adv.) definitely or positively (sure' is sometimes used informally for surely').
e.g. the results are surely encouraging
(s.) (of persons) worthy of trust or confidence.
e.g. a sure (or trusted) friend
surely
(r.) definitely or positively (sure' is sometimes used informally for surely'). e.g. the results are surely encouraging
surface
(a.) on the surface.
e.g. surface materials of the moon
(n.) the outermost level of the land or sea.
e.g. earthquakes originate far below the surface
surprise
(v.) come upon or take unawares. e.g. She surprised the couple
surprised
(a.) taken unawares or suddenly and feeling wonder or astonishment. e.g. surprised by her student's ingenuity
surprising
(a.) causing surprise or wonder or amazement. e.g. the report shows a surprising lack of hard factual data
surprisingly
(r.) in a surprising manner. e.g. he was surprisingly friendly
surround
(n.) the area in which something exists or lives. e.g. the country--the flat agricultural surround
surround
(v.) be around. e.g. Developments surround the town
survey
(v.) look over in a comprehensively, inspect. e.g. He surveyed his new classmates
survive
(v.) continue in existence after (an adversity, etc.). e.g. He survived the cancer against all odds
suspect
(v.) hold in suspicion; believe to be guilty. e.g. The U.S. suspected Bin Laden as the mastermind behind the terrorist attacks
suspicion
(n.) the state of being suspected. e.g. he tried to shield me from suspicion
swallow
(n.) the act of swallowing. e.g. one swallow of the liquid was enough
swallow
(v.) enclose or envelop completely, as if by swallowing. e.g. The huge waves swallowed the small boat and it sank shortly thereafter
swear
(v.) to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true. e.g. Before God I swear I am innocent
sweat
(n.) condensation of moisture on a cold surface. e.g. the cold glasses were streaked with sweat
sweat
(v.) excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin. e.g. Exercise makes one sweat
sweep
(n.) a wide scope. e.g. the sweep of the plains
sweep
(v.) clean by sweeping. e.g. Please sweep the floor
sweet
(a.) (used of wines) having a high residual sugar content. e.g. sweet dessert wines
sweet
(r.) in an affectionate or loving manner (sweet' is sometimes a poetic or informal variant of sweetly'). e.g. Susan Hayward plays the wife sharply and sweetly
sweet
(s.) not soured or preserved. e.g. sweet milk
swell
(v.) become filled with pride, arrogance, or anger. e.g. The mother was swelling with importance when she spoke of her son
swim
(n.) the act of swimming. e.g. it was the swimming they enjoyed most
swim
(v.) travel through water. e.g. We had to swim for 20 minutes to reach the shore
swimming
(n.) the act of swimming. e.g. it was the swimming they enjoyed most
swimming
(s.) filled or brimming with tears. e.g. swimming eyes
swing
(n.) a state of steady vigorous action that is characteristic of an activity. e.g. the party went with a swing
swing
(v.) have a certain musical rhythm. e.g. The music has to swing
switch
(n.) the act of changing one thing or position for another. e.g. his switch on abortion cost him the election
switch
(v.) cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation. e.g. switch on the light
swollen
(s.) overfull with water. e.g. swollen rivers and creeks
symbol
(n.) something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible. e.g. the eagle is a symbol of the United States
sympathetic
(a.) of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system. e.g. sympathetic neurons
sympathetic
(s.) relating to vibrations that occur as a result of vibrations in a nearby body. e.g. sympathetic vibration
sympathy
(n.) a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other. e.g. the two of them were in close sympathy
system
(n.) (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium. e.g. in a static system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface
table
(n.) a company of people assembled at a table for a meal or game. e.g. he entertained the whole table with his witty remarks
tablet
(n.) a small flat compressed cake of some substance. e.g. a tablet of soap
tackle
(n.) the person who plays that position on a football team. e.g. the right tackle is a straight A student
tackle
(v.) accept as a challenge. e.g. I'll tackle this difficult task
take
(v.) be designed to hold or take. e.g. This surface will not take the dye
talk
(n.) idle gossip or rumor. e.g. there has been talk about you lately
talk
(v.) use language. e.g. the baby talks already
tall
(a.) great in vertical dimension; high in stature. e.g. tall people
tall
(s.) lofty in style. e.g. he engages in so much tall talk, one never really realizes what he is saying
tank
(v.) treat in a tank. e.g. tank animal refuse
tap
(v.) furnish with a tap or spout, so as to be able to draw liquid from it. e.g. tap a cask of wine
tape
(n.) the finishing line for a foot race. e.g. he broke the tape in record time
tape
(v.) fasten or attach with tape. e.g. tape the shipping label to the box
task
(v.) assign a task to. e.g. I tasked him with looking after the children
taste
(n.) a small amount eaten or drunk. e.g. take a taste--you'll like it
taste
(v.) have a distinctive or characteristic taste. e.g. This tastes of nutmeg
tax
(v.) levy a tax on. e.g. The State taxes alcohol heavily
taxi
(v.) travel slowly. e.g. The plane taxied down the runway
tea
(n.) a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves. e.g. tea has fragrant white flowers
teacher
(n.) a personified abstraction that teaches. e.g. books were his teachers
teaching
(n.) a doctrine that is taught. e.g. the teachings of religion
team
(v.) form a team. e.g. We teamed up for this new project
tear
(n.) a drop of the clear salty saline solution secreted by the lacrimal glands. e.g. his story brought tears to her eyes
tear
(v.) fill with tears or shed tears. e.g. Her eyes were tearing
technical
(a.) of or relating to a practical subject that is organized according to scientific principles. e.g. technical college
technical
(s.) resulting from or dependent on market factors rather than fundamental economic considerations. e.g. analysts content that the stock market is due for a technical rally
telephone
(n.) electronic equipment that converts sound into electrical signals that can be transmitted over distances and then converts received signals back into sounds. e.g. I talked to him on the telephone
tell
(v.) inform positively and with certainty and confidence. e.g. I tell you that man is a crook!
temporarily
(r.) for a limited time only; not permanently. e.g. he will work here temporarily
tend
(v.) have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined. e.g. She tends to be nervous before her lectures
tendency
(n.) a general direction in which something tends to move. e.g. the shoreward tendency of the current
tension
(n.) the physical condition of being stretched or strained. e.g. it places great tension on the leg muscles
tent
(n.) a portable shelter (usually of canvas stretched over supporting poles and fastened to the ground with ropes and pegs). e.g. he pitched his tent near the creek
term
(n.) the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent. e.g. a healthy baby born at full term
terribly
(r.) in a terrible manner. e.g. she sings terribly
test
(n.) a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge. e.g. when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions
test
(v.) show a certain characteristic when tested. e.g. He tested positive for HIV
text
(n.) a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon. e.g. the preacher chose a text from Psalms to introduce his sermon
thanks
(n.) with the help of or owing to. e.g. thanks to hard work it was a great success
theme
(n.) (music) melodic subject of a musical composition. e.g. the theme is announced in the first measures
theme
(v.) provide with a particular theme or motive. e.g. the restaurant often themes its menus
then
(n.) that time; that moment. e.g. we will arrive before then
then
(r.) in that case or as a consequence. e.g. if he didn't take it, then who did?
then
(s.) at a specific prior time. e.g. the then president
theory
(n.) a belief that can guide behavior. e.g. the architect has a theory that more is less
there
(n.) a location other than here; that place. e.g. you can take it from there
there
(r.) in that matter. e.g. I agree with you there
therefore
(r.) (used to introduce a logical conclusion) from that fact or reason or as a result. e.g. therefore X must be true
thick
(a.) relatively dense in consistency. e.g. thick cream
thick
(r.) with a thick consistency. e.g. the blood was flowing thick
thick
(s.) (of darkness) very intense. e.g. thick night
thickly
(r.) with thickness; in a thick manner. e.g. spread 1/4 lb softened margarine or cooking fat fairly thickly all over the surface
thickness
(n.) indistinct articulation. e.g. judging from the thickness of his speech he had been drinking heavily
thin
(a.) relatively thin in consistency or low in density; not viscous.
e.g. air is thin at high altitudes
(adv.) without viscosity.
e.g. the blood was flowing thin
(s.) very narrow.
e.g. a thin line across the page
(v.) make thin or thinner.
e.g. Thin the solution
thing
(n.) a special situation. e.g. this thing has got to end
think
(n.) an instance of deliberate thinking. e.g. I need to give it a good think
think
(v.) imagine or visualize. e.g. Just think--you could be rich one day!
thinking
(n.) the process of using your mind to consider something carefully. e.g. thinking always made him frown
thirsty
(a.) feeling a need or desire to drink. e.g. after playing hard the children were thirsty
thirsty
(s.) needing moisture. e.g. thirsty fields under a rainless sky
thorough
(s.) painstakingly careful and accurate. e.g. our accountant is thorough
thoroughly
(r.) in an exhaustive manner. e.g. we searched the files thoroughly
though
(r.) (postpositive) however. e.g. it might be unpleasant, though
thought
(n.) the organized beliefs of a period or group or individual. e.g. 19th century thought
thread
(v.) pass a thread through. e.g. thread a needle
threat
(n.) something that is a source of danger. e.g. earthquakes are a constant threat in Japan
threaten
(v.) to be a menacing indication of something:. e.g. The clouds threaten rain
throat
(n.) a passage resembling a throat in shape or function. e.g. the throat of the vase
through
(r.) to completion. e.g. think this through very carefully!
through
(s.) (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes. e.g. a through street
throw
(n.) a single chance or instance. e.g. he couldn't afford $50 a throw
throw
(v.) project through the air. e.g. throw a frisbee
thumb
(v.) look through a book or other written material. e.g. He thumbed through the report
ticket
(n.) the appropriate or desirable thing. e.g. this car could be just the ticket for a small family
ticket
(v.) provide with a ticket for passage or admission. e.g. Ticketed passengers can board now
tidy
(a.) marked by good order and cleanliness in appearance or habits. e.g. a tidy person
tidy
(v.) put (things or places) in order. e.g. Tidy up your room!
tie
(n.) one of the cross braces that support the rails on a railway track. e.g. the British call a railroad tie a sleeper
tie
(v.) make by tying pieces together. e.g. The fishermen tied their flies
tight
(a.) closely constrained or constricted or constricting. e.g. tight skirts
tight
(s.) set so close together as to be invulnerable to penetration. e.g. in tight formation
tightly
(r.) in a tight or constricted manner. e.g. a tightly packed pub
till
(v.) work land as by ploughing, harrowing, and manuring, in order to make it ready for cultivation. e.g. till the soil
time
(n.) a period of time considered as a resource under your control and sufficient to accomplish something. e.g. take time to smell the roses
time
(v.) set the speed, duration, or execution of. e.g. we time the process to manufacture our cars very precisely
tin
(v.) preserve in a can or tin. e.g. tinned foods are not very tasty
tip
(n.) an indication of potential opportunity. e.g. he got a tip on the stock market
tip
(v.) give a tip or gratuity to in return for a service, beyond the compensation agreed on. e.g. Remember to tip the waiter
tire
(n.) hoop that covers a wheel. e.g. automobile tires are usually made of rubber and filled with compressed air
tired
(a.) depleted of strength or energy. e.g. tired mothers with crying babies
title
(n.) the status of being a champion. e.g. he held the title for two years
today
(n.) the present time or age. e.g. the world of today
today
(r.) on this day as distinct from yesterday or tomorrow. e.g. I can't meet with you today
toe
(a.) having a toe or toes of a specified kind; often used in combination. e.g. long-toed
toe
(v.) walk so that the toes assume an indicated position or direction. e.g. She toes inwards
together
(r.) in each other's company. e.g. we went to the movies together
together
(s.) mentally and emotionally stable. e.g. she's really together
toilet
(n.) the act of dressing and preparing yourself. e.g. he made his morning toilet and went to breakfast
tomorrow
(n.) the near future. e.g. tomorrow's world
tone
(n.) the quality of a person's voice. e.g. he began in a conversational tone
tone
(v.) change the color or tone of. e.g. tone a negative
tongue
(n.) any long thin projection that is transient. e.g. tongues of flame licked at the walls
tonight
(r.) during the night of the present day. e.g. drop by tonight
too
(r.) in addition. e.g. he has a Mercedes, too
tool
(v.) drive. e.g. The convertible tooled down the street
top
(a.) situated at the top or highest position. e.g. the top shelf
top
(n.) the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat. e.g. a relief pitcher took over in the top of the fifth
top
(v.) be at the top of or constitute the top or highest point. e.g. A star tops the Christmas Tree
topic
(n.) some situation or event that is thought about. e.g. he kept drifting off the topic
total
(s.) without conditions or limitations. e.g. a total ban
total
(v.) damage beyond the point of repair. e.g. My son totaled our new car
touch
(n.) a slight attack of illness. e.g. he has a touch of rheumatism
touch
(v.) deal with; usually used with a form of negation. e.g. I wouldn't touch her with a ten-foot pole
tough
(a.) not given to gentleness or sentimentality. e.g. a tough character
tour
(n.) a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area. e.g. they took an extended tour of Europe
tour
(v.) make a tour of a certain place. e.g. We toured the Provence this summer
towel
(v.) wipe with a towel. e.g. towel your hair dry
town
(n.) an administrative division of a county. e.g. the town is responsible for snow removal
toy
(n.) a nonfunctional replica of something else (frequently used as a modifier). e.g. a toy stove
trace
(n.) a just detectable amount. e.g. he speaks French with a trace of an accent
trace
(v.) discover traces of. e.g. She traced the circumstances of her birth
track
(v.) observe or plot the moving path of something. e.g. track a missile
trade
(n.) steady winds blowing from east to west above and below the equator. e.g. they rode the trade winds going west
trade
(v.) be traded at a certain price or under certain conditions. e.g. The stock traded around $20 a share
traditional
(a.) consisting of or derived from tradition. e.g. traditional history
traditional
(s.) pertaining to time-honored orthodox doctrines. e.g. the simple security of traditional assumptions has vanished
traditionally
(r.) according to tradition; in a traditional manner. e.g. traditionally, we eat fried foods on Hanukah
traffic
(n.) the amount of activity over a communication system during a given period of time. e.g. heavy traffic overloaded the trunk lines
traffic
(v.) deal illegally. e.g. traffic drugs
train
(n.) a series of consequences wrought by an event. e.g. it led to a train of disasters
train
(v.) train to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it. e.g. train the vine
transfer
(n.) someone who transfers or is transferred from one position to another. e.g. the best student was a transfer from LSU
transfer
(v.) move from one place to another. e.g. transfer the data
transform
(v.) change or alter in form, appearance, or nature. e.g. This experience transformed her completely
translate
(v.) be equivalent in effect. e.g. the growth in income translates into greater purchasing power
translation
(n.) the act of changing in form or shape or appearance. e.g. a photograph is a translation of a scene onto a two-dimensional surface
transparent
(s.) easily understood or seen through (because of a lack of subtlety). e.g. a transparent explanation
trap
(n.) something (often something deceptively attractive) that catches you unawares. e.g. the exam was full of trap questions
trap
(v.) place in a confining or embarrassing position. e.g. He was trapped in a difficult situation
travel
(n.) the act of going from one place to another. e.g. he enjoyed selling but he hated the travel
travel
(v.) travel upon or across. e.g. travel the oceans
treat
(v.) provide with a gift or entertainment. e.g. Grandmother always treated us to the circus
treatment
(n.) a manner of dealing with something artistically. e.g. his treatment of space borrows from Italian architecture
tree
(n.) a figure that branches from a single root. e.g. genealogical tree
tree
(v.) plant with trees. e.g. this lot should be treed so that the house will be shaded in summer
trend
(n.) a general tendency to change (as of opinion). e.g. not openly liberal but that is the trend of the book
trial
(n.) (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications. e.g. the trials for the semifinals began yesterday
triangle
(n.) something approximating the shape of a triangle. e.g. the coastline of Chile and Argentina and Brazil forms two legs of a triangle
trick
(n.) an attempt to get you to do something foolish or imprudent. e.g. that offer was a dirty trick
trick
(v.) deceive somebody. e.g. We tricked the teacher into thinking that class would be cancelled next week
trip
(n.) a hallucinatory experience induced by drugs. e.g. an acid trip
trip
(v.) cause to stumble. e.g. The questions on the test tripped him up
tropical
(a.) of or relating to the tropics, or either tropic. e.g. tropical year
tropical
(s.) relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator). e.g. tropical islands
trouble
(n.) an unwanted pregnancy. e.g. he got several girls in trouble
trouble
(v.) to cause inconvenience or discomfort to. e.g. Sorry to trouble you, but...
truck
(v.) convey (goods etc.) by truck. e.g. truck fresh vegetables across the mountains
true
(a.) consistent with fact or reality; not false. e.g. the story is true
true
(n.) proper alignment; the property possessed by something that is in correct or proper alignment. e.g. out of true
true
(r.) as acknowledged. e.g. true, she is the smartest in her class
true
(s.) conforming to definitive criteria. e.g. the horseshoe crab is not a true crab
true
(v.) make level, square, balanced, or concentric. e.g. true up the cylinder of an engine
truly
(r.) in accordance with truth or fact or reality. e.g. she was now truly American
trust
(n.) something (as property) held by one party (the trustee) for the benefit of another (the beneficiary). e.g. he is the beneficiary of a generous trust set up by his father
trust
(v.) confer a trust upon. e.g. The messenger was entrusted with the general's secret
truth
(n.) conformity to reality or actuality. e.g. they debated the truth of the proposition
try
(v.) test the limits of. e.g. You are trying my patience!
tube
(n.) an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city). e.g. in Paris the subway system is called the metro' and in London it is called the tube' or the underground'
tube
(v.) convey in a tube. e.g. inside Paris, they used to tube mail
tune
(n.) the property of producing accurately a note of a given pitch. e.g. he cannot sing in tune
tune
(v.) adjust for (better) functioning. e.g. tune the engine
tunnel
(n.) a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars). e.g. the tunnel reduced congestion at that intersection
turn
(n.) an unforeseen development. e.g. events suddenly took an awkward turn
turn
(v.) cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics. e.g. The princess turned the frog into a prince by kissing him
tv
(n.) an electronic device that receives television signals and displays them on a screen. e.g. the British call a tv set a telly
twice
(r.) two times. e.g. I called her twice
twin
(v.) duplicate or match. e.g. The polished surface twinned his face and chest in reverse
twist
(n.) social dancing in which couples vigorously twist their hips and arms in time to the music; was popular in the 1960s. e.g. they liked to dance the twist
twist
(v.) form into a spiral shape. e.g. The cord is all twisted
twisted
(s.) having an intended meaning altered or misrepresented. e.g. many of the facts seemed twisted out of any semblance to reality
type
(n.) printed characters. e.g. small type is hard to read
type
(v.) write by means of a keyboard with types. e.g. type the acceptance letter, please
typical
(a.) exhibiting the qualities or characteristics that identify a group or kind or category. e.g. a typical American girl
typical
(s.) conforming to a type. e.g. the typical (or normal) American
typically
(r.) in a typical manner. e.g. Tom was typically hostile
ugly
(a.) displeasing to the senses. e.g. an ugly face
ultimate
(a.) furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme. e.g. the ultimate achievement
ultimate
(n.) the finest or most superior quality of its kind. e.g. the ultimate in luxury
ultimate
(s.) being the last or concluding element of a series. e.g. the ultimate sonata of that opus
ultimately
(r.) as the end result of a succession or process. e.g. ultimately he had to give in
umbrella
(n.) a formation of military planes maintained over ground operations or targets. e.g. an air umbrella over England
umbrella
(s.) covering or applying simultaneously to a number of similar items or elements or groups. e.g. an umbrella organization
unable
(a.) (usually followed by to') not having the necessary means or skill or know-how. e.g. unable to get to town without a car
unable
(s.) (usually followed by to') lacking necessary physical or mental ability. e.g. dyslexics are unable to learn to read adequately
unacceptable
(a.) not acceptable; not welcome. e.g. a word unacceptable in polite society
unacceptable
(s.) not conforming to standard usage. e.g. the following use of access' was judged unacceptable by a panel of linguists; go You can access your cash at any of 300 automatic tellers'
uncertain
(a.) not certain to occur; not inevitable. e.g. everything is uncertain about the army
uncertain
(s.) not consistent or dependable. e.g. an uncertain recollection of events
uncle
(n.) a source of help and advice and encouragement. e.g. he played uncle to lonely students
uncomfortable
(a.) conducive to or feeling mental discomfort. e.g. this kind of life can prove disruptive and uncomfortable
unconscious
(a.) not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead. e.g. lay unconscious on the floor
unconscious
(s.) (followed by of') not knowing or perceiving. e.g. happily unconscious of the new calamity at home
uncontrolled
(a.) not being under control; out of control. e.g. the greatest uncontrolled health problem is AIDS
under
(r.) through a range downward. e.g. children six and under will be admitted free
under
(s.) lower in rank, power, or authority. e.g. an under secretary
underground
(n.) an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city). e.g. in Paris the subway system is called the metro' and in London it is called the tube' or the underground'
underground
(r.) in or into hiding or secret operation. e.g. the organization was driven underground
underneath
(r.) on the lower or downward side; on the underside of. e.g. a chest of drawers all scratched underneath
understand
(v.) be understanding of. e.g. You don't need to explain--I understand!
understanding
(n.) the cognitive condition of someone who understands. e.g. he has virtually no understanding of social cause and effect
understanding
(s.) characterized by understanding based on comprehension and discernment and empathy. e.g. an understanding friend
undo
(v.) cancel, annul, or reverse an action or its effect. e.g. I wish I could undo my actions
unemployed
(a.) not engaged in a gainful occupation. e.g. unemployed workers marched on the capital
unemployed
(n.) people who are involuntarily out of work (considered as a group). e.g. the long-term unemployed need assistance
unemployment
(n.) the state of being unemployed or not having a job. e.g. unemployment is a serious social evil
unexpected
(a.) not expected or anticipated. e.g. unexpected guests
unexpected
(s.) not planned. e.g. an unexpected pregnancy
unfair
(a.) not fair; marked by injustice or partiality or deception. e.g. used unfair methods
unfairly
(r.) in an unfair manner. e.g. they dealt with him unfairly
unfortunate
(a.) not favored by fortune; marked or accompanied by or resulting in ill fortune. e.g. an unfortunate turn of events
unfortunate
(s.) unsuitable or regrettable. e.g. an unfortunate choice of words
unfortunately
(r.) by bad luck. e.g. unfortunately it rained all day
unfriendly
(a.) not easy to understand or use. e.g. user-unfriendly
unfriendly
(s.) not friendly. e.g. an unfriendly act of aggression
unhappy
(a.) experiencing or marked by or causing sadness or sorrow or discontent. e.g. unhappy over her departure
unhappy
(s.) causing discomfort. e.g. the unhappy truth
uniform
(a.) always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences. e.g. a street of uniform tall white buildings
uniform
(s.) evenly spaced. e.g. at regular (or uniform) intervals
uniform
(v.) provide with uniforms. e.g. The guards were uniformed
unimportant
(a.) not important. e.g. a relatively unimportant feature of the system
union
(a.) of trade unions. e.g. the union movement
union
(n.) the state of being joined or united or linked. e.g. there is strength in union
union
(s.) being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the American Civil War. e.g. Union soldiers
unique
(s.) (followed by to') applying exclusively to a given category or condition or locality. e.g. a species unique to Australia
unit
(n.) an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole. e.g. the reduced the number of units and installations
unite
(v.) have or possess in combination. e.g. she unites charm with a good business sense
united
(a.) characterized by unity; being or joined into a single entity. e.g. presented a united front
universe
(n.) everything that exists anywhere. e.g. they study the evolution of the universe
unkind
(a.) lacking kindness. e.g. a thoughtless and unkind remark
unknown
(a.) not known. e.g. an unknown amount
unknown
(n.) an unknown and unexplored region. e.g. they came like angels out the unknown
unknown
(s.) being or having an unknown or unnamed source. e.g. a poem by an unknown author
unlike
(a.) not equal in amount. e.g. they distributed unlike (or unequal) sums to the various charities
unlikely
(a.) not likely to be true or to occur or to have occurred. e.g. legislation on the question is highly unlikely
unload
(v.) take the load off (a container or vehicle). e.g. unload the truck
unlucky
(a.) having or bringing misfortune. e.g. Friday the 13th is an unlucky date
unpleasant
(a.) disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings. e.g. an unpleasant personality
unsteady
(a.) subject to change or variation. e.g. her unsteady walk
unsteady
(s.) not firmly or solidly positioned. e.g. climbing carefully up the unsteady ladder
untidy
(a.) not neat and tidy. e.g. careless and untidy in her personal habits
unusual
(a.) not usual or common or ordinary. e.g. a scene of unusual beauty
unusual
(s.) not commonly encountered. e.g. two-career families are no longer unusual
unusually
(r.) to a remarkable degree or extent. e.g. she was unusually tall
unwilling
(a.) not disposed or inclined toward. e.g. an unwilling assistant
unwillingly
(r.) in an unwilling manner. e.g. he had sinned against her unwillingly
up
(a.) being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level. e.g. the anchor is up
up
(r.) to a higher intensity. e.g. he turned up the volume
up
(s.) getting higher or more vigorous. e.g. its an up market
up
(v.) raise. e.g. up the ante
upper
(n.) piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot. e.g. Uppers come in many styles
upper
(s.) superior in rank or accomplishment. e.g. the upper half of the class
upset
(n.) the act of disturbing the mind or body. e.g. his carelessness could have caused an ecological upset
upset
(s.) mildly physically distressed. e.g. an upset stomach
upset
(v.) move deeply. e.g. This book upset me
upstairs
(a.) on or of upper floors of a building. e.g. the upstairs maid
upstairs
(n.) the part of a building above the ground floor. e.g. no one was allowed to see the upstairs
upstairs
(r.) with respect to the mind. e.g. she's a bit weak upstairs
upward
(s.) directed up. e.g. the cards were face upward
urban
(a.) relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area. e.g. urban sociology
urge
(n.) a strong restless desire. e.g. why this urge to travel?
urge
(v.) force or impel in an indicated direction. e.g. I urged him to finish his studies
use
(n.) (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property. e.g. we were given the use of his boat
use
(v.) seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage. e.g. She uses her influential friends to get jobs
used
(a.) employed in accomplishing something. e.g. the principle of surprise is the most used and misused of all the principles of war
used
(s.) of persons; taken advantage of. e.g. after going out of his way to help his friend get the job he felt not appreciated but used
useful
(a.) being of use or service. e.g. the girl felt motherly and useful
useless
(a.) having no beneficial use or incapable of functioning usefully. e.g. a kitchen full of useless gadgets
usual
(a.) occurring or encountered or experienced or observed frequently or in accordance with regular practice or procedure. e.g. grew the usual vegetables
usually
(r.) under normal conditions. e.g. usually she was late
vacation
(n.) leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure. e.g. we get two weeks of vacation every summer
valid
(a.) well grounded in logic or truth or having legal force. e.g. a valid inference
valid
(s.) still legally acceptable. e.g. the license is still valid
valuable
(a.) having great material or monetary value especially for use or exchange. e.g. another human being equally valuable in the sight of God
valuable
(n.) something of value. e.g. all our valuables were stolen
valuable
(s.) having worth or merit or value. e.g. a valuable friend
value
(n.) the amount (of money or goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else. e.g. he tried to estimate the value of the produce at normal prices
value
(v.) fix or determine the value of; assign a value to. e.g. value the jewelry and art work in the estate
variation
(n.) an artifact that deviates from a norm or standard. e.g. he patented a variation on the sandal
varied
(a.) characterized by variety. e.g. immigrants' varied ethnic and religious traditions
varied
(s.) widely different. e.g. varied motives prompt people to join a political party
variety
(n.) a difference that is usually pleasant. e.g. he goes to France for variety
various
(s.) having great diversity or variety. e.g. his various achievements are impressive
vary
(v.) be subject to change in accordance with a variable. e.g. Prices vary
vegetable
(a.) of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from plants. e.g. decaying vegetable matter
vehicle
(n.) a medium for the expression or achievement of something. e.g. his editorials provided a vehicle for his political views
venture
(v.) proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers. e.g. We ventured into the world of high-tech and bought a supercomputer
version
(n.) an interpretation of a matter from a particular viewpoint. e.g. his version of the fight was different from mine
vertical
(a.) at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line. e.g. a vertical camera angle
vertical
(s.) of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group). e.g. vertical social mobility
very
(r.) precisely so. e.g. on the very next page
very
(s.) precisely as stated. e.g. the very center of town
victory
(n.) a successful ending of a struggle or contest. e.g. a narrow victory
video
(n.) broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects. e.g. she is a star of screen and video
view
(n.) the range of the eye. e.g. they were soon out of view
view
(v.) see or watch. e.g. view a show on television
violence
(n.) the property of being wild or turbulent. e.g. the storm's violence
violent
(a.) acting with or marked by or resulting from great force or energy or emotional intensity. e.g. a violent attack
violent
(s.) effected by force or injury rather than natural causes. e.g. a violent death
violently
(r.) in a violent manner. e.g. they attacked violently
virtually
(r.) in essence or effect but not in fact. e.g. the strike virtually paralyzed the city
virus
(n.) a harmful or corrupting agency. e.g. bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread
visible
(a.) capable of being seen; or open to easy view. e.g. a visible object
visible
(s.) obvious to the eye. e.g. a visible change of expression
vision
(n.) a religious or mystical experience of a supernatural appearance. e.g. he had a vision of the Virgin Mary
visit
(n.) a meeting arranged by the visitor to see someone (such as a doctor or lawyer) for treatment or advice. e.g. he scheduled a visit to the dentist
visit
(v.) stay with as a guest. e.g. Every summer, we visited our relatives in the country for a month
vital
(s.) performing an essential function in the living body. e.g. vital organs
vocabulary
(n.) the system of techniques or symbols serving as a means of expression (as in arts or crafts). e.g. he introduced a wide vocabulary of techniques
voice
(n.) (metonymy) a singer. e.g. he wanted to hear trained voices sing it
voice
(v.) give voice to. e.g. He voiced his concern
volume
(n.) a relative amount. e.g. mix one volume of the solution with ten volumes of water
vote
(n.) a body of voters who have the same interests. e.g. he failed to get the Black vote
vote
(v.) be guided by in voting. e.g. vote one's conscience
wage
(n.) something that remunerates. e.g. wages were paid by check
wage
(v.) carry on (wars, battles, or campaigns). e.g. Napoleon and Hitler waged war against all of Europe
wait
(n.) the act of waiting (remaining inactive in one place while expecting something). e.g. the wait was an ordeal for him
wait
(v.) stay in one place and anticipate or expect something. e.g. I had to wait on line for an hour to get the tickets
wake
(n.) the wave that spreads behind a boat as it moves forward. e.g. the motorboat's wake capsized the canoe
walk
(n.) manner of walking. e.g. he had a funny walk
walk
(v.) live or behave in a specified manner. e.g. walk in sadness
walking
(n.) the act of traveling by foot. e.g. walking is a healthy form of exercise
walking
(s.) close enough to be walked to. e.g. walking distance
wall
(n.) a difficult or awkward situation. e.g. his back was to the wall
wander
(v.) go via an indirect route or at no set pace. e.g. After dinner, we wandered into town
want
(v.) be without, lack; be deficient in. e.g. want courtesy
war
(n.) a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply. e.g. war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring
warm
(a.) (color) inducing the impression of warmth; used especially of reds and oranges and yellows. e.g. warm reds and yellows and orange
(s.) freshly made or left.
e.g. a warm trail
(v.) get warm or warmer.
e.g. The soup warmed slowly on the stove
warmth
(n.) the quality of having a moderate degree of heat. e.g. an agreeable warmth in the house
warn
(v.) admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behavior. e.g. I warned him not to go too far
wash
(n.) the erosive process of washing away soil or gravel by water (as from a roadway).
e.g. from the house they watched the washout of their newly seeded lawn by the water
(v.) be capable of being washed.
e.g. Does this material wash?
waste
(n.) any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted.
e.g. they collect the waste once a week
(v.) spend thoughtlessly; throw away.
e.g. He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends
watch
(v.) be vigilant, be on the lookout, be on one's guard, be careful.
e.g. Watch out for pickpockets!
water
(n.) the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean).
e.g. they invaded our territorial waters
(v.) provide with water.
e.g. We watered the buffalo
wave
(n.) a persistent and widespread unusual weather condition (especially of unusual temperatures).
e.g. a heat wave
(v.) move or swing back and forth.
e.g. She waved her gun
way
(n.) the condition of things generally.
e.g. that's the way it is
(adv.) to a great degree or by a great distance; very much (right smart' is regional in the United States). e.g. way over budget
weak
(a.) having little physical or spiritual strength.
e.g. a weak link
(s.) tending downward in price.
e.g. a weak market for oil stocks
weakness
(n.) the condition of being financially weak.
e.g. the weakness of the dollar against the yen
wealth
(n.) the state of being rich and affluent; having a plentiful supply of material goods and money.
e.g. great wealth is not a sign of great intelligence
weapon
(n.) a means of persuading or arguing.
e.g. he used all his conversational weapons
wear
(n.) impairment resulting from long use.
e.g. the tires showed uneven wear
wear
(v.) have in one's aspect; wear an expression of one's attitude or personality. e.g. He always wears a smile
weather
(n.) the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation. e.g. they were hoping for good weather
weather
(v.) change under the action or influence of the weather. e.g. A weathered old hut
web
(n.) an intricate network suggesting something that was formed by weaving or interweaving. e.g. the trees cast a delicate web of shadows over the lawn
week
(n.) any period of seven consecutive days. e.g. it rained for a week
weekly
(a.) occurring or payable every week. e.g. a weekly trip to town
weekly
(r.) without missing a week. e.g. she visited her aunt weekly
weigh
(v.) determine the weight of. e.g. The butcher weighed the chicken
weight
(n.) a unit used to measure weight. e.g. he placed two weights in the scale pan
welcome
(a.) giving pleasure or satisfaction or received with pleasure or freely granted.
e.g. a welcome relief
(n.) the state of being welcome.
e.g. don't outstay your welcome
(v.) accept gladly.
e.g. I welcome your proposals
well
(a.) in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury.
e.g. appears to be entirely well
(n.) an abundant source.
e.g. she was a well of information
(adv.) (used for emphasis or as an intensifier) entirely or fully.
e.g. a book well worth reading
(s.) wise or advantageous and hence advisable.
e.g. it would be well to start early
(v.) come up, as of a liquid.
e.g. Tears well in her eyes
west
(adv.) to, toward, or in the west. e.g. we moved west to Arizona
western
(a.) of or characteristic of regions of the United States west of the Mississippi River.
e.g. a Western ranch
(s.) lying toward or situated in the west. e.g. our company's western office
wet
(a.) containing moisture or volatile components.
e.g. wet paint
(n.) wetness caused by water.
e.g. drops of wet gleamed on the window
(s.) consisting of or trading in alcoholic liquor.
e.g. a wet cargo
(v.) cause to become wet.
e.g. Wet your face
wheel
(n.) forces that provide energy and direction.
e.g. the wheels of government began to turn
(v.) change directions as if revolving on a pivot.
e.g. They wheeled their horses around and left
while
(n.) a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition. e.g. he was here for a little while
whistle
(n.) the act of signalling (e.g., summoning) by whistling or blowing a whistle.
e.g. the whistle signalled the end of the game
(v.) move, send, or bring as if by whistling.
e.g. Her optimism whistled away these worries
white
(a.) being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light.
e.g. as white as fresh snow
(n.) the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water.
e.g. she separated the whites from the yolks of several eggs
(s.) free from moral blemish or impurity; unsullied.
e.g. in shining white armor
(v.) turn white.
e.g. This detergent will whiten your laundry
whole
(a.) (of siblings) having the same parents. e.g. whole brothers and sisters
(n.) all of something including all its component elements or parts.
e.g. Europe considered as a whole
wide
(a.) great in degree.
e.g. won by a wide margin
(adv.) to the fullest extent possible.
e.g. open your eyes wide
(s.) (used of eyes) fully open or extended.
e.g. stared with wide eyes
widely
(r.) so as to leave much space or distance between. e.g. widely separated
wild
(a.) marked by extreme lack of restraint or control.
e.g. wild talk
(n.) a wild primitive state untouched by civilization.
e.g. he lived in the wild
(adv.) in a wild or undomesticated manner.
e.g. growing wild
(s.) in a state of extreme emotion.
e.g. wild with anger
wildly
(adv.) in an uncontrolled or unrestrained manner. e.g. He gesticulated wildly
will
(n.) a fixed and persistent intent or purpose.
e.g. where there's a will there's a way
(v.) decree or ordain.
e.g. God wills our existence
willing
(a.) disposed or inclined toward. e.g. a willing participant
willingly
(adv.) in a willing manner. e.g. I willingly accept
willingness
(n.) cheerful compliance. e.g. he expressed his willingness to help
win
(n.) a victory (as in a race or other competition). e.g. he was happy to get the win
wind
(n.) air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. e.g. trees bent under the fierce winds
wind
(v.) extend in curves and turns. e.g. The road winds around the lake
window
(n.) the time period that is considered best for starting or finishing something. e.g. the expanded window will give us time to catch the thieves
wine
(v.) treat to wine. e.g. Our relatives in Italy wined and dined us for a week
wing
(n.) the wing of a fowl. e.g. he preferred the drumsticks to the wings
winning
(n.) succeeding with great difficulty.
e.g. winning is not everything
(s.) bringing success.
e.g. the winning run
winter
(v.) spend the winter. e.g. We wintered on the Riviera
wire
(v.) provide with electrical circuits. e.g. wire the addition to the house
wise
(a.) having or prompted by wisdom or discernment. e.g. a wise leader
(n.) a way of doing or being.
e.g. in no wise
wish
(n.) a specific feeling of desire.
e.g. he got his wish
(v.) hope for; have a wish.
e.g. I wish I could go home now
witness
(v.) be a witness to.
e.g. She witnessed the accident and had to testify in court
woman
(n.) a female person who plays a significant role (wife or mistress or girlfriend) in the life of a particular man. e.g. he was faithful to his woman
wonder
(n.) something that causes feelings of wonder.
e.g. the wonders of modern science
(v.) place in doubt or express doubtful speculation. e.g. I wonder whether this was the right thing to do
wood
(n.) a golf club with a long shaft used to hit long shots; originally made with a wooden head. e.g. metal woods are now standard
wooden
(s.) made or consisting of (entirely or in part) or employing wood. e.g. a wooden box
word
(n.) a word is a string of bits stored in computer memory. e.g. large computers use words up to 64 bits long
work
(n.) (physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force.
e.g. work equals force times distance
(v.) behave in a certain way when handled.
e.g. This dough does not work easily
worker
(n.) a member of the working class (not necessarily employed). e.g. workers of the world--unite!
working
(s.) adequate for practical use; especially sufficient in strength or numbers to accomplish something. e.g. the party has a working majority in the House
world
(n.) a part of the earth that can be considered separately. e.g. the outdoor world
worry
(n.) a strong feeling of anxiety.
e.g. his worry over the prospect of being fired
(v.) be on the mind of.
e.g. I worry about the second Germanic consonant
worrying
(n.) the act of moving something by repeated tugs or pushes.
e.g. vigorous worrying finally loosened the saw
worship
(v.) attend religious services. e.g. They worship in the traditional manner
worth
(n.) an indefinite quantity of something having a specified value.
e.g. 10 dollars worth of gasoline
(s.) having sufficient worth.
e.g. an idea worth considering
wound
(n.) a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride). e.g. he feared that mentioning it might reopen the wound
wounded
(n.) people who are wounded.
e.g. they had to leave the wounded where they fell
(s.) suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle.
e.g. nursing his wounded arm
wrap
(v.) arrange or fold as a cover or protection.
e.g. wrap the baby before taking her out
write
(v.) have (one's written work) issued for publication. e.g. How many books did Georges Simenon write?
writing
(n.) (usually plural) the collected work of an author. e.g. the idea occurs with increasing frequency in Hemingway's writings
written
(a.) systematically collected and written down.
e.g. written laws
wrong
(a.) contrary to conscience or morality or law.
e.g. it is wrong for the rich to take advantage of the poor
(n.) that which is contrary to the principles of justice or law.
e.g. he feels that you are in the wrong
(adv.) in an incorrect manner.
e.g. she guessed wrong
(s.) not in accord with established usage or procedure. e.g. the wrong medicine
wrongly
(adv.) without justice or fairness.
e.g. wouldst not play false and yet would wrongly win
yard
(n.) a tract of land enclosed for particular activities (sometimes paved and usually associated with buildings).
e.g. they opened a repair yard on the edge of town
yawn
(n.) an involuntary intake of breath through a wide open mouth; usually triggered by fatigue or boredom. e.g. he could not suppress a yawn
(v.) utter a yawn, as from lack of oxygen or when one is tired.
e.g. The child yawned during the long performance
year
(n.) a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity. e.g. a school year
yellow
(s.) changed to a yellowish color by age.
e.g. yellowed parchment
(v.) turn yellow.
e.g. The pages of the book began to yellow
yesterday
(n.) the recent past.
e.g. yesterday's solutions are not good enough
(adv.) in the recent past; only a short time ago.
e.g. I was not born yesterday!
yet
(adv.) up to the present time. e.g. I have yet to see the results
young
(a.) (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth. e.g. young people
(n.) young people collectively.
e.g. rock music appeals to the young
(s.) suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh.
e.g. he is young for his age
youth
(n.) an early period of development.
e.g. during the youth of the project
zero
(s.) having no measurable or otherwise determinable value.
e.g. the goal is zero population growth
(v.) adjust (as by firing under test conditions) the zero of (a gun).
e.g. He zeroed in his rifle at 200 yards