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World History English Civil War Rise of the Nation State


Pejorative name given to them by their oppostion who felt they were loose in morals and not very religious; were pro-monarchy and conservative


Opponents gave them their name and were making fun of their haircuts and refusal to wear wigs; rebels; some believed monarchy needed to be eliminated

Oliver Cromwell

Leader of Roundheads; Member of Pariliament and Army General; eventually became "Lord Protector"

Battle of Naseby

King Charles I taken captive in this battle.

Pride's Purge

Conducted when it appeared that Parliament was about to consent to the return of the King; removed all members of Parliament from office who supported reinstatement of the King

New Model Army

Conducted Pride's Purge and made it possible for Cromwell to take power

Rump Parliament

Name given to the Members of Parliament left after Pride's Purge; declared England a commonwealth; abolished monarchy and the House of Lords; Charles I was out of his mind over this!!!

Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Oliver Cromwell


Cromwell was effectively one of these while serving as Lord Protector


Limited forms of popular entertainment; eliminated religious and political dissenters; closed theaters

Thomas Hobbes

Political theorist and Cavalier who wrote "Leviathan"

Absolute Monarchy

Hobbes believed, given the nature of man, this was the only type of government that could work

Richard Cromwell

Took over for Cromwell after his death


New Parliament meets in 1660 and invites Stuarts back to teh throne

Liberal Party

Party that believed in republicanism at the time of the Restoration

Tory Party

Party that supported the monarchy at the time of the Restoration

Habeus Corpus Act

One of the great charters of English liberty passed by Parliament in 1679; required that government present the chrages against someone so they could begin their defense

Charles II

Stuart King put on the throne as a result of the Restoration; during his reign 100,000 in London died of plague in 1665 and the Great London Fire took place in 1666.

James II

Catholic monarch who tried to adopt policies of toleration; had son who was now heir to the throne of England

Glorious Revolution

Parliament removed James II and replaced him with William and Mary; it received its name because it was rather bloodless; results in constitutional monarchy in England

English Bill of Rights

One of the great charters of English liberty passed in 1689; representative government through Parliament is the only legitimate form of government; no taxes without consent of Parliament; Protestants can own guns but Catholics can't

Divine Right of Kings

Belief that Kings and Queens rule as a result of gift from God

Act of Toleration

Passe in 1689, it granted freedom of worship to all non-Anglican christians--except Catholics

Act of Settlement

Established line of succession to the throne; its how the Hanoverian Kings--including King George III--got power in England

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