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the first shogun


warriors who were given land so they would fight


the Japanese religion based on the belief in nature spirits

Who was the shogun

commander of all the emperors military


the samurai gave an oath to give loyalty to daimyo and in return he would give land


powerful military leaders


Divine winds (typhoon) that destroyed mongol ships attacking Japan

Lady Murisaki Shikilou

famous Japanese novelist and poet


plan of government

Martial arts

sports involving combat and self-defense

Pure Life Buddhism

taught about a happy life after death


"Great Change" in Japanese government begun by the Yamato


term used for the ancestors of the Japanese people


the Yamato leader in Japan who founded the line of Japanese emperors

Gempei War

the civil war between the Taira family and the Minamoto family

The Nara Period

AD 700s period in Japan

The Tale of Genji

the name of the novel written by Murasaki Shikibu, the first novel ever written


northernmost of the four main islands of Japan


the art of paper folding

Gempei War Period

for ten years Japanese warriors fought one another

Yayoi clans

a small warrior group

Prince Shotoku used China as a model for

civilization, religion and government

two main crops that the Japanese farmers grow

rice and wheat

Chinese influenced the Japanese in

government, philosophy and art

single most important belief of the Shinto religion is


the Japanese power fo the emperors weakened in AD 800s

children were becoming emperors
regents were given the power and then did not want to give it back

most Japanese people believed about religion

each religion met different needs

the emperor created the title of Shogun

to keep Yoritomo loyal

when the Mongols attacked Japan

the kamikazi winds wrecked their boats before they came to attack


the bond of loyalty between a lord and a vassal

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