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30 terms

Chapter 5 - Medieval Japan

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Yoritomo
the first shogun
samurai
warriors who were given land so they would fight
animisum
the Japanese religion based on the belief in nature spirits
Who was the shogun
commander of all the emperors military
vassal
the samurai gave an oath to give loyalty to daimyo and in return he would give land
daimyo
powerful military leaders
kamakazi
Divine winds (typhoon) that destroyed mongol ships attacking Japan
Lady Murisaki Shikilou
famous Japanese novelist and poet
constitution
plan of government
Martial arts
sports involving combat and self-defense
Pure Life Buddhism
taught about a happy life after death
Taika
"Great Change" in Japanese government begun by the Yamato
Yayoi
term used for the ancestors of the Japanese people
Jimmu
the Yamato leader in Japan who founded the line of Japanese emperors
Gempei War
the civil war between the Taira family and the Minamoto family
The Nara Period
AD 700s period in Japan
The Tale of Genji
the name of the novel written by Murasaki Shikibu, the first novel ever written
Hokkaido
northernmost of the four main islands of Japan
Origami
the art of paper folding
Gempei War Period
for ten years Japanese warriors fought one another
Yayoi clans
a small warrior group
Prince Shotoku used China as a model for
civilization, religion and government
two main crops that the Japanese farmers grow
rice and wheat
Chinese influenced the Japanese in
government, philosophy and art
single most important belief of the Shinto religion is
Purity
the Japanese power fo the emperors weakened in AD 800s
children were becoming emperors
regents were given the power and then did not want to give it back
most Japanese people believed about religion
each religion met different needs
the emperor created the title of Shogun
to keep Yoritomo loyal
when the Mongols attacked Japan
the kamikazi winds wrecked their boats before they came to attack
feudalism
the bond of loyalty between a lord and a vassal