Hobbes, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesqieu
Beliefs and works of these people
Terms in this set (10)
What was the belief of Hobbes?
people by nature are selfish and ambitious
What was one of Hobbes' major works?
The Leviathan - 1651
What was the belief of Locke?
human beings have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness= natural rights
power in government comes from the people
against divine right
What was one of Locke's major works?
Two Treatises of Government - 1690
What was the belief of Voltaire?
favor of tolerance, freedom of religion, and free speech
against French government and Christianity
What was one of Voltaire's major works?
What was the belief of Rousseau?
agreement among free individuals to create a government that responds to people's will = consent of the governed
What was one of Rousseau's major works?
The Social Contract - 1762
What was the belief of Montesqieue?
any person in power group will try to take power, that they searched to control government
separation of powers
liberty as natural right
What was one of Montesqieue's major works?
The Spirit of the Laws - 1748
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