22 terms

Intro to Cartography

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scale
tells you how to read the distances on a map
distortion
any change in the shape, size or position of a place when transfered to a flat map
projection
a particular way of showing a spherical Earth on a flat surface
longitude
the imaginary lines that run north and south from the North Pole to the South Pole
latitude
the imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe
Prime Meridien
the most important meridien of longitude that is like the starting point for all other longitude lines (0 degrees) and runs through Greenwich (London), England
Equator
the most important parallel of latitude exactly halfway between the North and South Poles (0 degrees)
thematic map
a map that shows a particular theme or topic
political map
a map that shows where countries, states and/or important cities are located
physical features map
a map that shows any natural characteristic of Earth's surface, such as landforms and bodies of water
orientation
the directionality of a map
population density
the average number of people who live in a unit of area, such as a square mile. Population density measures how crowded an area is
the seven major regions of the world
Canada and the United States, Latin America, Europe and Russia, Africa, Southwest and Central Asia, Monsoon Asia, Oceania and Antarctica
absolute location
this is the precise location of a place on Earth (i.e. street address or coordinates)
relative location
this is the location of one place compared to another
compass rose
two short lines that cross at right angles and are labeled with the directions (north, south, east, west)
cardinal directions
north, south, east, west
map legend/key
shows what symbols are used on a map and what they mean
grid
a system of lines used to divide up space on a map. One type of grid is the "global" grid which shows us longitude and latitude
International Date Line
the next most important meridien of longitude, which is halfway around the world from the Prime Meridien
coordinates
the absolute location of any place on Earth, determined by the point where a longitudinal line crosses a line of latitude
hemisphere
the division of the Earth into halves. The Equator divides the world into Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The Prime Meridien divides the world into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
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