3 purposes of punishment
retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation
wrong done should be met with an equivalent form of suffering
attempt to prevent further criminal behaviour through punishment; discourage them from re-offending and committing similar crimes
offender can be brought back to society through education, therapy, or positive supportive environment
5 stages of prejudice
verbal rejection, avoidance, discrimination, semi-violence or violence, extermination
talking to people about prejudice or exchanging jokes
shuns contact with group even if inconvenient
not hire members of a minority or campaigns to exclude them from living in the neighbourhood
semi-violence or violence
racist slogans on walls, property vandalized, minority member is intimidated, attacked, or jostled
government allows murders by gangs/genocide
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