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Ancient Latin America


floating gardens of Aztecs--grew corn, beans, squash, tomatoes, peppers

Machu Picchu

An Inca city built of stones.

Hernan Cortes

Spanish soldier that claimed the Aztec Empire for Spain 1521

Francisco Pizarro

Spanish soldier that defeated Inca empire for Spain in 1531

Columbian Exchange

The trade of goods and ideas between Spain and Latin America. A time of change. Latin America traded slaves, silver, corn, peppers and tomatoes. Spain traded cloth, peaches, pigs


A basic writing system using symbols. A system developed by the Maya.


1. Studied math and astronomy (stars) 2. Had calendar based on sun's movements 3. Developed writing system (hieroglyphs) 4. Slash-and-burn farming


1. "Wandering warriors"--warfare was important 2. Chinampas- floating gardens to grow crops


1.Farmed--built terraces on mountainsides 2. Built stone roads and structures


Ruler of the Inca Empire when conquered by Pizarro

Montezuma II

Aztec leader who was conquered by Cortes

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