Terms in this set (68)
what political party generally supported the legalization of slavery in the new territories?
What political party generally opposed the legalization of slavery in the new territories?
What was the name of the compromise that settled the debate over the counting of slaves as citizens at the Constitutional Convention?
In which house of Congress did the counting of slaves as citizens affect representation?
House of Representatives
What did delegates agree to concerning the importation of slaves at the Constitutional Convention?
no more importation of slaves beginning in 1808
What were the 7 free states that existed when the Constitution went into effect in 1789?
What were the 6 slave states that existed when the Constitution went into effect in 1789?
What was the name of the line that seperated free states and slave states in the original United States?
Along what free state and slave state did this line run?
free state- Pennsylvania
slave state- Maryland
What was the first state to be admitted to the union after the original 13?
Vermont- free- 1791
What was the blance between slave states abd free states after this state was admitted to the union in 1791?
8 free and 8 slave
What was each side afraid of happening if they were outnumbered by the other?
loosng power in Congress
Which states always have more power in the House because they had much larger populations?
In which house of Congress did the free states and slave states battle for control over as new states were admitted to the union?
Ehat were the slave states afraid of happening if the free states gained significant power in both houses?
What US territory became the first battleground over the legalization of slavery?
Appalachians to the Mississippi River
Wha was responsible for detirmining were slavery would be allowed in this territory?
What was the name of the law passed in 1787 that detirmined where slavery was allowed in this territory?
What did this new law establish as the boundry line that seperates free states and slaves states in this territory?
What are the five states and the year that each entered the union located north of the ohio River?
What were the four states and the year each entered the union located south of the Ohio River?
What territory acquired in 1803 became the next battleground over the legalization of slavery?
What were the three most recent states that had been admitted to the union at the time of this acquisition of land in 1803?
what was the balance between free states and slave states in 1803 when the United States acquired this territory?
9 free and 8 slave
What was the first state to enter the union from this territory?
What type of a state did this territory apply as?
For what three reasons did the north not argue over Louisiana entering the union as a slave state?
1. history of previous slavey by the French and Spanish for 300 years
2. can grow cottin, sugar, and rice
3. didnt effect the scoreboard 9:9
What four states entered the union between 1816 and 1819?
What was the balance between free states and slave states in 1819?
11 free and 11 slave
What was the name of the territory to apply for statehood in the Louisiana territory?
What type of a state did this territory apply as?
For what three reasons was the north opposed to Missouri becoming a slave state?
1. no long history of slavery
2. not ideal for growing cotton, sugar, and rice
3. uneven scoreboard
What was the name of the compromise that setteled the debate over slavery in the Louisiana Territory?
List the three provisions to this compromise concerning the following.
1. Missouri admitted as a slave state
2. Maine admitted as a free state
3. parallel drawn on 36-30 for boundryline
Who in Congress was credited for getting the two sides to agree to this compromise?
What was the balance between free states and slave states after the compromise?
12 free and 12 slave
What slave state was admitted to the union in 1836 that gave the slave states an advantage inthe Senate for the first time?
Which rule allowed this state to enter the union as a slave state in 1836?
What free state was admitted to the union in 1837 a year after Arkansas was admitted?
What rule allowed this states to enter the union as a free state in 1837?
What was the balance between free states and slave states after the admission of Arkansas and Michigan?
13 free and 13 slave
What territory became the next battleground over the legalization of slavey beginning in 1836?
What type of state did this teritory apply as?
Why was the president John Quincy adams against adding Texas to the Union?
1. Texas still legally belonged to Mexico
2. texas was the dumping ground for the dregs and castoffsof american history
Why was even president Jackson, a Democrat and slave owner himself, opposed to the annexation of Texas?
because it was the wedge that would break the country apart into sectional lines
What southern US territory becaome a state during the same year that Texas was added to the Union?
What type of slave did this territory apply as?
For what two reasons did the North nto make a big fuss over Florida entering the union as a slave state?
1. slavery had existed there for nearly 300 years under Spanish rule
2. geography and climate was ideal for growing sugar, cotton, and rice
What was the balance between free states and slave states with the admission of Texas and Florida in 1845?
13 free and 15 slave
What free stae was damitted to the union in 1846?
What rule allowed this state to enter the union as a free state in 1846?
What free state was admitted to the union in 1848?
What rule aloowed this state to enter into the union as a free state in 1848?
What was the balance between free states and slave states after the admission of Iowa and Wisconsin?
15 free and 15 slave
What war led to the next battleground over slavery in 1846?
For what two reasons were many northerners opposed to going to war with Mexico?
1. feared loosing power with the expansion of agriculture
2. feared more lave states adding to the north-south tension
What was the name of the bill authored by Representative David Wilmont of Pennsylvania, which prohibited slavery in any territory that we got from mexico?
Why did this bill pass in the House and fail to pass in the Senate twice when it was voted on between 1846 and 1847?
House- less slave populatio
Senate- more slave population
What did Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan propose be done with the question of slavery on any territory that we might get from mexico?
let the people decide
Which principle of the Constitution did he want to apply to the questioon of who detirmines the legalization of slavery?
What was the first territory to apply for statehood from the mexican Cession?
Why did this territory become populate enough to become a state after just one year of being settled?
What type of states did this territory apply as?
Why was the south opposed to California applying as a free state?
more free states than slave states
What was the name of the Compromise that settled the debate over slavery in the mexican Cession?
Compromise of 1850
What did the Compromise of 1850 resolve concerning the following?
1. California admitted a free state
2. rest of the Mexican Cession divided into Utah and New Mexico territories
3. let the people decide- popular sovereignty
4. no more slaves for sale
5. fugitive slave act
What organizatio did the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 attempt to underline?
Who authored the Compromise of 1850?
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