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Political Science Midterm, Part 2
Terms in this set (38)
How many amendments have been made to the Constitution since it was ratified?
Which of these is set forth in Article II of the Constitution?
that executive power is vested in the president
As the Constitution won support in the years following ratification, people began to see it as __________.
a document that was higher than human law
__________ refers to the constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Separation of powers
Which statement is true of the Framers concerns when writing the Constitution?
They distrusted both elites and the masses.
The president uses __________ power to check the powers of Congress.
Interpreting the constitutionality of laws is a privilege of checks and balances used by __________.
the judicial branch
Efficiency and order within the government were important to the Framers, but more important was __________.
Article III provides that the U.S. Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in which type of cases?
cases in which one state files suit against another
When William Marbury filed suit in the U.S. Supreme Court in an effort to secure his judgeship, what did he request?
a writ of mandamus
As a result of the decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803), what took place?
The Supreme Court claimed the power to review acts of the federal legislature.
Jeffersonian Republicans argued that __________ should have the ultimate power to interpret the Constitution.
__________ was the chief justice of the United States when the Supreme Court reviewed the case of Marbury v. Madison.
Which of these is an example of congressional elaboration?
The president can stop the payment of funds appropriated by Congress through __________.
__________ is the presidents way of bypassing Congress when making a law.
The Constitution gives primary responsibility for commerce to __________.
What is true about changing the Constitution?
It can be changed both formally and informally.
Which is the only method that has been used to date to propose constitutional amendments?
two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress
What was one of the primary arguments against ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment?
Women would be subject to the draft.
As an expression of basic and timeless personal liberties, the Constitution __________; as an instrument of government, however, it __________.
does not and should not change; must grow with the nation
After an amendment has been proposed, it must be ratified by __________.
Which of these is an example of a formal change to the Constitution?
Which of these is an example of an originalist approach to constitutional interpretation?
understanding the First Amendment by considering what the Framers understood to be an establishment of religion
Which argument would be likely to be made by a Federalist?
The federal courts should have the power of judicial review.
Article III of the Constitution establishes __________.
the judicial branch
The Framers instituted __________ to avoid the concentration of power in the federal government.
checks and balances
Which of the following is an example of checks and balances?
The president can veto a bill that has been passed by Congress.
In addition to intrinsic value, the Framers included the separation of powers in the Constitution because __________.
it had already existed in America for more than 100 years
__________ allow(s) Congress to adapt the Constitution to current needs without amending the Constitution.
Which of the following statements regarding judicial review is correct?
It is not mentioned in the Constitution.
The Constitution has much language that is vague and often hard to interpret for exact meaning. How have the problems created by such language been solved?
The issues created by the vague language are processed through state and federal courts and settled by judicial interpretation.
A Supreme Court order that directs an official to perform a specific duty is called __________.
writ of mandamus
How does the Electoral College work?
Each state determines how it will select its electors; electors then elect the president.
The introduction of amendments to the U.S. Constitution is a __________ process, and the ratification of amendments is a __________ process.
What is one reason why amendments to the Constitution are relatively rare?
The formal amendment process is long and difficult and requires widespread support in Congress as well as the states.
The president's power has expanded, especially during the last 50 or so years. What is one reason why this has happened?
Foreign and economic crises as well as nuclear-age realities and the war against terrorism have necessitated a stronger role for the president.
The fate of the Equal Rights Amendment is an example of __________.
the power of the states to control amendments through non-ratification
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Political Science Midterm, Part 1
Political Science Midterm, Part 4
Political Science Midterm, Part 3
Chapter 1 Quizzes
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