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32 terms

Test on Indonesia

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PLAY
Playon "Lasem"
Central Java, music for shadow puppetry, sléndro.
Bubaran "Kembang Pacar"
Central Java, loud-playing style, pélog. (Haunting. Weird bird-call sounding thing in the back.)
"Kosalia Arini"
Balinese gamelan. (Soft, with occasional frantic notes in background.)
Ladrang "Wilujeng"
Central Java, soft-playing style, pélog. (Has singing and rebab.)
"Begadang II" ("Staying up All Night")
Rhoma Irama (popular dangdut).
Sléndro
5 pitches per octave; intervals close to the same size. (Slendro = Slim = Smaller, so 5 pitches)
Pélog
A tuning system of 7 pitches per octave with small and big jumps between intervals.
Wayang Kulit
Indonesian shadow puppet theatre, accompanied by gamelan music.
Pathet
An organizing musical system in Javanese music, similar to scales or ragas; also a major section of shadow play.
Kempul
Smaller hanging knobbed gong (Java).
Kethuk
Small kettle gong, one for each scale system.
Kenong
Large kettle gong, horizontally mounted (Java).
Bonang
Set of ten, twelve, or fourteen kettle gongs resting horizontally in two parallel rows in a wooden frame.
Saron
(sah-ron) Instrument with six or seven metal slabs, resting on trough resonator (Java, also Bali).
Gambang
Wooden xylophone with a box resonator, soft and delicate sound, played with 2 flexible mallets in parallel octaves.
Slentem
The bass member of the gender family, played with a single large padded mallet.
Suling
An end blown flute typically bamboo.
Rebab
Two-stringed fiddle.
Kendang
Double-headed drum, provides link between dancer and music.
Kempyang
Pair of small kettle gongs, horizontally mounted (Java).
Gongan
A single phrase of music, marked by the gong.
Loud Playing Style
Playing style of Javanese gamelan
includes metallophones, gongs, and drums. Performed outside. No voices. Instruments are made of bronze.
Soft Playing Style
Playing style of Javanese gamelan
includes zither, flute, rebab, and vocalists, but not gongs or metallophones. Instruments are made of iron or brass.
Balungan
The melodic-structural framework in Javanese music. Translates to "bone."
Cyclical Repetition
Structure of Javanese music.
Balinese Music
Binary movement over cyclical repetition; most instruments the same as Javanese gamelan; voices not usual in music.
Gender
A soft instrument with multioctave range. The thin metal bars are suspended by cords above tubular resonators that amplify and sustain the sound. There are two sizes of ______: ______ barung (lower) and ______ panerus (higher).
Mahabharata
(Hinduism) A sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families.
Ramayana
One of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne.
Gamelan
A traditional Indonesian ensemble typically including many tuned percussion instruments including bamboo xylophones and wooden or bronze chimes and gongs.
Klenengan
Gamelan performance without dance or theater.
Kraton
Palace.