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Intro Psych; Exam #1; Chap1; Study Questions
Terms in this set (20)
In the 1800s, French biologist Marie Jean Pierre Flourens and surgeon Paul Broca conducted research that demonstrated a connection between
the mind and the brain
What was the subject of the famous experiment conducted by Hermann von Helmholtz?
Wilhelm Wundt is credited with
the founding of psychology as a scientific discipline
Wundt and his students sought to analyze the basic elements that constitute the mind, an approach called
William James and ___ helped establish functionalism as a major school of psychological thought in North America.
G. Stanley Hall
The functional approach to psychology was inspired by
Darwin's "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection"
To understand human behavior, French physicians Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Janet studied people
with psychological disorders
Building on the work of Charcot and Janet, Sigmund Freud developed
The psychological theory that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings is known as
Behaviorism involves the study of
observable actions and responses
The experiments of Ivan Pavlol and John Watson centered on
stimulus and response
Who developed the concept of reinforcement?
The study of mental processes such as perception and memory is called
During WWII, cognitive psychologists discovered that many of the errors pilots make are the result of
limited human cognitive capacity to handle incoming information
The use of scanning techniques to observe the brain in action and to see which parts are involved in which operations helped the development of
Central to evolutionary psychology is the ___ function that minds and brains serve.
Social psychology differs most from other psychological approaches by its emphasis on
Cultural psychology emphasizes that
culture shapes some, but not all psychological phenomena
Mary Calkins was where?
was present at the first meeting of the APA
Kenneth Clark did what influential thing?
did research that influenced the Supreme Court decision to ban segregation in public schools.
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Intro Psych; Exam #1; Chap2; Study Questions