Chapter 21 Test- Mr. Melzack
Terms in this set (28)
a powerful organization that influenced city and county politics in the late 1800s
a group of reformers who worked to improve social and political problems in the late 1800s
a term coined for journalists who "raked up" and exposed corruption and problems of society
(1913) a constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect U.S. senators
a vote to remove an official from office
a method of allowing voters to propose a new law if enough signatures are collected on a petition
a procedure that allows voters to approve or reject a law already proposed or passed by government
Robert M. La Follette
Progressive American politician, he was active in local Wisconsin issues and challenged party bosses. As governor, he began the reform program called the Wisconsin Idea to make state government more professional.
Industrial Workers of the World
(IWW) a union founded in 1905 by socialists and union leaders that included workers not welcomed in the AFL
William "Big Bill" Haywood
One of the leaders of the International Workers of the World, a Socialist labor union active in the early 1900s.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
a factory fire that killed 146 workers trapped in the building; led to new safety standard laws
an economic system in which private businesses run most industries
economic system in which the government owns and operates a country's means of production.
(1919) a constitutional amendment that outlawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States; repealed in 1933
National American Woman Suffrage Association
(NAWSA) an organization founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1890 to obtain women's right to vote
(1885-1977) American social reformer, suffragist, and activist, she was the founder of the organization that became the National Woman's Party (NWP) that worked to obtain women's suffrage.
(1920) a constitutional amendment that gave women the vote
Booker T. Washington
(1856-1915) African American educator and civil rights leader, he was born into slavery and later became head of the Tuskegee Institute for career training for African Americans. He was an advocate for conservative social change.
Ida B. Wells
(1862-1931) African American journalist and anti-lynching activist, she was part owner and editor of the Memphis Free Speech.
W. E. B. Du Bois
(1868-1963) African American educator, editor, and writer, he led the Niagara Movement, calling for economic and educational equality for African Americans. He helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP) an organization founded in 1909 by W. E. B. Du Bois and other reformers to bring attention to racial inequality
(1858-1919) Twenty-sixth president of the United States after William McKinley was assassinated, he organized the first volunteer cavalry regiment known as the Rough Riders who fought in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. As President, he acquired the Panama Canal Zone, and announced the Roosevelt Corollary, making the United States the defender of the Western Hemisphere.
Pure Food and Drug Act
(1906) a law that set regulatory standards for industries involved in preparing food
the planned management of natural resources to prevent their destruction
William Howard Taft
(1857-1930) Twenty-seventh president of the United States, he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, which did not lower tariffs very much. He lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
a short-lived political party that attempted to institute social reforms.
(1856-1924) Twenty-eighth president of the United States, his reform legislation was given the name New Freedom, and it included three constitutional amendments: direct election of senators, prohibition, and women's suffrage. He created the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Trade Commission, and he enacted child labor laws.
(1913) an amendment to the Constitution that allows personal income to be taxed