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52 terms

Latin Prefixes 7-12

STUDY
PLAY
E-, EX-
"out"
"from"
"away"
IN-, IM-
"in"
"into"
"on"
"against"
"over"
EXTRA-
"outside"
INTRA-
"within"
CONTRA-, CONTRO-, COUNTER-
"against"
"contrary"
INTER-
"between"
emigrate (v.)
move OUT of a country or region to settle in another
followed by "from"
e-exit
immigrate (v.)
move INTO a foreign country or region as a permanent resident
followed by "to"
i-into
eminent (adj.)
standing or jutting out; conspicuous; famous; distinguished; noteworthy
imminent (adj.)
hanging over one's head; threatening; about to occur; impending
looming large, negative connotation
enervate (v.)
(literally-"take out the nerves or strength")
to lessen the strength of; enfeeble; weaken
judge pyncheon enervated clifford
erosion (n.)
gradual wearing away; deterioration; depletion
rocks, economy, metaphorically-people's emotions
evoke (v.)
bring out; call forth; elicit; produce

deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
invoke (v.)
call on for help or protection; appeal to for support
"...the 5th amendment"

request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection
cite as an authority; resort to
excise (v.)
cut out; remove by cutting out
incise (v.)
cut into; carve; engrave
in surgery, tombstones and monuments
exclusive (adj.)
1. shutting out, or tending to shut out, others
2. not shared with others; single; sole

not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective
parties, VIP, clubs
inclusive (adj.)
1. (literally-"shutting in")
including the limits (dates, numbers, etc.) mentioned
2. broad in scope; comprehensive
exhibit (v.)
(literally-"hold out")
to show; display
inhibit (v.)
(literally-"hold in")
to hold in check; restrain; repress
limit the range or extent of
to put down by force or authority

psychological sense-hold back feelings
expel (v.)
drive OUT; force out; compel to leave; banish; eject
impel (v.)
drive ON; force; compel
implicate (v.)
(literally-"fold in or involve")
to show to be part of or connected with; involve; entangle
crimes, etc-legal ones
usu negative connotation-politicians in fraud, scandals


bring into intimate and incriminating connection
impose, involve, or imply as a necessary accompaniment or result
impugn (v.)
(literally-"fight against")
to call in question; assail by words or arguments; attack as false; contradict; attack; malign
incarcerate (v.)
to put in prison; imprison; confine
inscribe (v.)
(literally-"write on")
to write, engrave, or print to create a lasting record; imprint; autograph
write in a permanent way for example by carving
fate is ... ones over classroom doors, in front of school

register formally as a participant or member
mark with one's signature
draw within a figure so as to touch in as many places as possible
convert ordinary language into code
insurgent (n.)
one who rises in revolt against established authority; rebel; mutineer
insurgent (adj.)
rebellious; insubordinate; mutinous
extracurricular (adj.)
outside the regular curriculum or course of study
extraneous (adj.)
coming from or existing outside; foreign; not essential; not pertinent; irrelevant
extravagant (adj.)
1. outside or beyond the bounds of reason; excessive
2. spending lavishly; wasteful


unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
intramural (adj.)
within the walls or boundaries (of a school, college, etc.); confined to members (of a school, college, etc.)
intraparty (adj.)
within a party
intrastate (adj.)
within a state
intravenous (adj.)
within or by way of the veins
con (adv.)
(short for contra) against; on the negative side
con (n.)
(used mainly in the plural)
opposing argument; reason against
contraband (n.)
merchandise imported or exported contrary to law; smuggled goods

usually used in the singular
contravene (v.)
go or act contrary to; violate; disregard; infringe
controversy (n.)
(literally-"a turning against")
dispute; debate; quarrel
counter (adv.)
contrary; in the opposite direction
*followed by "to"
countermand (v.)
to cancel (an order) by issuing a contrary order; revoke
incontrovertible (adj.)
not able to be "turned against" or disputed; unquestionable; certain; indisputable

usually NOT preceded by "an"
It is ... proof.
intercede (v.)
(literally-"go between")
to interfere to reconcile differences; mediate; plead in another's behalf; intervene
act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

often followed by for
intercept (v.)
(literally-"catch between")
to stop or seize on the way from one place to another; interrupt; catch
interlinear (adj.)
inserted between lines already printed or written
interlude (n.)
anything filling the time between two events; interval; break; intermission
brief period of time that comes in the middle of something
a brief show (music or dance etc) inserted between the sections of a longer performance

often followed by of
intermediary (n.)
go-between; mediator
intermission (n.)
pause between periods of activity; interval; interruption
a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
intersect (v.)
(literally-"cut between")
to cut by passing through or across; divide; cross
interurban (adj.)
between cities or towns
intervene (v.)
1. come between
2. come in to settle a quarrel; intercede; mediate

be placed or located between other things or extend between spaces and events
get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action, or through force or threat of force
often followed by between