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5 terms

Common Bases and Their Uses

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aluminum hydroxide
color-fast fabrics, antacid, water purification, sticky gel that collects suspended clay and dirt particles on its surface
calcium hydroxide
leather-making, mortar and plaster, lessen acidity of soil, called caustic lime
magnesium hydroxide
laxative, antacid, called milk of magnesia when in water
sodium hydroxide
to make soap, oven cleaner, drain cleaner, textiles, paper, called lye and caustic soda; generates heat (exothermic) when combined with water, reacts with metals to form hydrogen
ammonia
cleaners, fertilizer, to make rayon and nylon, irritating odor that is damaging to nasal passages and lungs