To render a judicial decision. In regard to administrative law, the process in which an administrative law judge hears and decides issues that arise when an agency charges a person or firm with violating a law or regulation enforced by the agency.
A large, complex, hierarchically structured administrative organization that carries out specific functions.
An individual who works in a bureaucracy. As generally used, the term refers to a government employee.
Nonmilitary government employment.
A law enacted by a legislature to establish an administrative agency. Enabling legislation normally specifies the name, purpose, composition, and powers of the agency being created.
An agency of the government that is run as a business enterprise. Such agencies engage in primarily commercial activities, produce revenues, and require greater flexibility than that permitted in most government agencies.
independent executive agency
A federal agency that is not located within a cabinet department.
independent regulatory agency
A federal organization that is responsible for creating and implementing rules that regulate private activity and protect the public interest in a particular sector of the economy.
A three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.
Groups of individuals or organizations—which consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts—that support particular policy positions on a given issue.
legislative rule An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature.
An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature.
The application of technical skills to jobs without regard to political issues.
Political actions or decisions that benefit a particular party.
The transfer of the task of providing services traditionally provided by government to the private sector.
The process undertaken by an administrative agency when formally proposing, evaluating, and adopting a new regulation.
In the context of government employment, someone who "blows the whistle" (reports to authorities) on gross governmental inefficiency, illegal activities, or other wrongdoing.