Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


To render a judicial decision. In regard to administrative law, the process in which an administrative law judge hears and decides issues that arise when an agency charges a person or firm with violating a law or regulation enforced by the agency.


A large, complex, hierarchically structured administrative organization that carries out specific functions.


An individual who works in a bureaucracy. As generally used, the term refers to a government employee.

civil service

Nonmilitary government employment.

enabling legislation

A law enacted by a legislature to establish an administrative agency. Enabling legislation normally specifies the name, purpose, composition, and powers of the agency being created.

government corporation

An agency of the government that is run as a business enterprise. Such agencies engage in primarily commercial activities, produce revenues, and require greater flexibility than that permitted in most government agencies.

independent executive agency

A federal agency that is not located within a cabinet department.

independent regulatory agency

A federal organization that is responsible for creating and implementing rules that regulate private activity and protect the public interest in a particular sector of the economy.

iron triangle

A three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.

issue networks

Groups of individuals or organizations—which consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts—that support particular policy positions on a given issue.

legislative rule An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature.

An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature.

neutral competency

The application of technical skills to jobs without regard to political issues.

partisan politics

Political actions or decisions that benefit a particular party.


The transfer of the task of providing services traditionally provided by government to the private sector.


The process undertaken by an administrative agency when formally proposing, evaluating, and adopting a new regulation.


In the context of government employment, someone who "blows the whistle" (reports to authorities) on gross governmental inefficiency, illegal activities, or other wrongdoing.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording