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72 terms

CH 16

STUDY
PLAY
The occipital bone is the highest point on the head.
False - The apex is the highest point on the head.
Hair that grows below the parietal, or crest, hangs because of gravity.
True
n a blunt or one-length haircut, there is no elevation.
False - Elevation occurs when you lift any section of hair above 0 degrees.
The guideline is usually the last section cut when creating a shape.
False - The guideline is usually the first section cut when creating a shape.
A cowlick is an example of a growth pattern.
True
Steel for professional haircutting shears is mainly manufactured in Brazil.
False - Three countries are primarily responsible for manufacturing the steel used to make professional shears: Japan, Germany, and the United States.
Optimally, shears should have a Rockwell hardness of 63 or higher.
False - Shears with a Rockwell hardness of 63 or higher may be brittle; 56 or 57 is ideal.
If blade tension is too loose, it will allow the shears to fold the hair.
True
With properly fitted shears, the thumb hole will rest up to or just over the knuckle.
False - The thumb hole of properly fitted shears will rest at or slightly over the cuticle area of the thumb.
A razor should not be used on curly hair as it weakens the cuticle.
True
Surfaces on the head where the head changes, such as the ears, jaw line, and occipital bone, are referred to as:
reference points
Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:
design lines
Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:
reference points
The part of the head that is found by placing a comb flat on the side of the head is the:
parietal ridge
Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leaves the head can be used to locate the:
occipital bone
The location of the four corners signals a change in the:
head shape
The two front corners represent the widest part of the:
bang area
The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:
crown
The nape area is defined as the area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the:
occipital bone
The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is a(n):
angle
The three types of straight lines in haircutting include all of the following EXCEPT:
straight
Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon, or the floor are:
horizontal lines
The lines used to remove weight to create graduated or layered haircuts are:
vertical
Diagonal lines in a haircut blend long layers into short layers and create:
fullness
An important element in creating a strong foundation and consistency in haircutting and creating shapes is the use of:
angles
Elevation creates graduation and layers and is usually described in:
degrees
The uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:
sections
The line dividing hair at the scalp, separating one section from another, creating subsections is a(n):
parting
When you are building weight in a haircut, the hair should be held:
below 90 degrees
The hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage when it dries is:
curly hair
The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting is referred to as the:
cutting line
A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut is the:
guideline
The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a:
traveling guide
A guideline used in a blunt, one-length haircut, or used in overdirection to create a length or weight increase is a(n):
stationary guide
In creating a length increase in the design of graduated and layered haircuts, the technique to use is:
overdirection
On a layered haircut, if you want the hair to be longer toward the front, overdirect the sections to a stationary guide at the:
back of the ears
The conversation where the practitioner finds out what the client is looking for is the:
client consultation
The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:
natural falling position
Hair density is usually described as being:
thin, medium, or thick
The thickness or diameter of each hair strand is referred to as hair:
texture
Which of the following best describes fine, thin hair?
needs weight, limp
The amount of movement in the hair strand is referred to as the:
wave pattern
Shears that are designed to remove more hair, with larger teeth set farther apart, are:
notching shears
Which type of comb is used mainly to detangle the hair?
wide-tooth comb
The comb used for close tapers on the nape and sides and when using a scissor-over-comb technique is a:
barber comb
The best overall blade edge for a hair stylist is:
convex
Before purchasing shears, the stylist should:
analyze the cost of the shears , ask about the service agreement, determine how many pairs are needed
Which type of texture shear adds increased blending?
texturizing
The degree of tension used on hairlines with strong growth patterns or around the ears is:
minimum
When cutting hair, a general rule of thumb is to stand or sit directly in front of the area you are cutting and to keep your body weight:
centered
The hand position that is used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
over fingers
When cutting with a vertical or diagonal cutting line, the best way to maintain control of the subsection is to cut:
palm-to-palm
To reduce strain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair, it is important to:
palm the shears
A one-length haircut where all the hair comes to a single hanging level is also known as a:
blunt cut
Haircuts that generally have less weight than graduated haircuts are:
layered cuts
A basic haircut where the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle is the:
long-layered cut
The technique used to check a haircut for precision of line and shape is:
cross-checking
The cutting technique used to layer very long hair and keep weight at the perimeter is:
slide cutting
The process of removing excess bulk without shortening hair length is:
texturizing
A texturizing technique performed on the ends of hair using the tips of the shears to remove bulk is:
point cutting
Thinning hair using a sliding movement with the blades of the shear partially opened to reduce volume and create movement is:
slithering
When using the slicing technique to remove bulk, the shears should never be completely:
closed
Electric or battery-operated tools that cut the hair by using two moving blades held in place by a metal plate with teeth are:
clippers
The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp, creating a flat top or square shape, is:
clipper-over-comb
Triangular section that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners
Bang area
Where and how hair is moved over the head
Distribution
Hair that grows at the outermost perimeter along the face, around the ears, and on the neck
Hairline
A visual line in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together
Weight line
The amount of pressure applied when combing or holding a subsection during a haircut
Tension
More aggressive version of point cutting that creates a chunkier effect
Notching
The angle or degree at which a subsection of hair is held from the head when cutting
Elevation
Technique using diagonal lines to create angles by cutting the ends of the hair with a slight increase or decrease in length
Beveling